Limits...
Ethnic and gender specific life expectancies of the Singapore population, 1965 to 2009 - converging, or diverging?

Lim RB, Zheng H, Yang Q, Cook AR, Chia KS, Lim WY - BMC Public Health (2013)

Bottom Line: Although there has been a convergence in life expectancy between Indians and Chinese, the (substantial) gap between Malays and the other two ethnic groups has remained.Females continued to have a higher life expectancy at birth and at 65 years than males throughout this period, with no evidence of convergence.Ethnic and gender differences in life expectancy persist in Singapore despite its rapid economic development.

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Affiliation: Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, MD3, 16 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597, Singapore. raymondlim1302@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The increase in life expectancy and the persistence of expectancy gaps between different social groups in the 20th century are well-described in Western developed countries, but less well documented in the newly industrialised countries of Asia. Singapore, a multiethnic island-state, has undergone a demographic and epidemiologic transition concomitant with economic development. We evaluate secular trends and differences in life expectancy by ethnicity and gender in Singapore, from independence to the present.

Methods: Period abridged life tables were constructed to derive the life expectancy of the Singapore population from 1965 to 2009 using data from the Department of Statistics and the Registry of Births and Deaths, Singapore.

Results: All 3 of Singapore's main ethnic groups, and both genders, experienced an increase in life expectancy at birth and at 65 years from 1965 to 2009, though at substantially different rates. Although there has been a convergence in life expectancy between Indians and Chinese, the (substantial) gap between Malays and the other two ethnic groups has remained. Females continued to have a higher life expectancy at birth and at 65 years than males throughout this period, with no evidence of convergence.

Conclusions: Ethnic and gender differences in life expectancy persist in Singapore despite its rapid economic development. Targeted chronic disease prevention measures and health promotion activities focusing on people of Malay ethnicity and the male community may be needed to remedy this inequality.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Age-specific mortality rates by ethnicity and gender (a to f), Singapore, at three time points from 1965 to 2009.
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Figure 4: Age-specific mortality rates by ethnicity and gender (a to f), Singapore, at three time points from 1965 to 2009.

Mentions: Age specific mortality rates at 3 time points are plotted in FigureĀ 4. The graphs reflect the findings from the life expectancy calculations, and the sharpest declines in mortality rates over the 3 time points are seen in Indians (both males and females), and the smallest declines in Malays.


Ethnic and gender specific life expectancies of the Singapore population, 1965 to 2009 - converging, or diverging?

Lim RB, Zheng H, Yang Q, Cook AR, Chia KS, Lim WY - BMC Public Health (2013)

Age-specific mortality rates by ethnicity and gender (a to f), Singapore, at three time points from 1965 to 2009.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3924730&req=5

Figure 4: Age-specific mortality rates by ethnicity and gender (a to f), Singapore, at three time points from 1965 to 2009.
Mentions: Age specific mortality rates at 3 time points are plotted in FigureĀ 4. The graphs reflect the findings from the life expectancy calculations, and the sharpest declines in mortality rates over the 3 time points are seen in Indians (both males and females), and the smallest declines in Malays.

Bottom Line: Although there has been a convergence in life expectancy between Indians and Chinese, the (substantial) gap between Malays and the other two ethnic groups has remained.Females continued to have a higher life expectancy at birth and at 65 years than males throughout this period, with no evidence of convergence.Ethnic and gender differences in life expectancy persist in Singapore despite its rapid economic development.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, MD3, 16 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597, Singapore. raymondlim1302@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The increase in life expectancy and the persistence of expectancy gaps between different social groups in the 20th century are well-described in Western developed countries, but less well documented in the newly industrialised countries of Asia. Singapore, a multiethnic island-state, has undergone a demographic and epidemiologic transition concomitant with economic development. We evaluate secular trends and differences in life expectancy by ethnicity and gender in Singapore, from independence to the present.

Methods: Period abridged life tables were constructed to derive the life expectancy of the Singapore population from 1965 to 2009 using data from the Department of Statistics and the Registry of Births and Deaths, Singapore.

Results: All 3 of Singapore's main ethnic groups, and both genders, experienced an increase in life expectancy at birth and at 65 years from 1965 to 2009, though at substantially different rates. Although there has been a convergence in life expectancy between Indians and Chinese, the (substantial) gap between Malays and the other two ethnic groups has remained. Females continued to have a higher life expectancy at birth and at 65 years than males throughout this period, with no evidence of convergence.

Conclusions: Ethnic and gender differences in life expectancy persist in Singapore despite its rapid economic development. Targeted chronic disease prevention measures and health promotion activities focusing on people of Malay ethnicity and the male community may be needed to remedy this inequality.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus