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Poultry farm vulnerability and risk of avian influenza re-emergence in Thailand.

Souris M, Selenic D, Khaklang S, Ninphanomchai S, Minet G, Gonzalez JP, Kittayapong P - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2014)

Bottom Line: The results show that numerous vulnerability factors subsist and could represent, in case of HPAI re-emergence, a significant risk for a large spread of the disease.Bio-security, farm management and agro-commercial practices are particularly significant on that matter: results show that these practices still need a thorough improvement on a majority of farms.Those results are consistent with the type of farms that were mostly affected during the 2004-2008 outbreaks in Thailand.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center of Excellence for Vectors and Vector Borne Diseases, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University at Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand. Marc.Souris@ird.fr.

ABSTRACT
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) remains of concern as a major potential global threat. This article evaluates and discusses the level of vulnerability of medium and small-scale commercial poultry production systems in Thailand related to avian influenza virus re-emergence. We developed a survey on 173 farms in Nakhon Pathom province to identify the global level of vulnerability of farms, and to determine which type of farms appears to be more vulnerable. We used official regulations (the Good Agricultural Practices and Livestock Farm Standards regulations) as a reference to check whether these regulations are respected. The results show that numerous vulnerability factors subsist and could represent, in case of HPAI re-emergence, a significant risk for a large spread of the disease. Bio-security, farm management and agro-commercial practices are particularly significant on that matter: results show that these practices still need a thorough improvement on a majority of farms. Farms producing eggs (especially duck eggs) are more vulnerable than farms producing meat. Those results are consistent with the type of farms that were mostly affected during the 2004-2008 outbreaks in Thailand.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

H5N1 HPAI outbreaks by village, 2004–2008 in Nakhon Pathom province.
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ijerph-11-00934-f002: H5N1 HPAI outbreaks by village, 2004–2008 in Nakhon Pathom province.

Mentions: Forty one H5N1 HPAI laboratory confirmed outbreaks were reported in Nakhon Pathom from 2004 to 2005 (Figure 2). The province has suffered strong economic effects, like the neighboring province of Suphanburi where H5N1 HPAI emerged in late 2003 [2]. Of the 173 farms from sector 2 and 3 of Nakhon Pathom inspected in 2011, 43 were established after 2004 (Figure 3).


Poultry farm vulnerability and risk of avian influenza re-emergence in Thailand.

Souris M, Selenic D, Khaklang S, Ninphanomchai S, Minet G, Gonzalez JP, Kittayapong P - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2014)

H5N1 HPAI outbreaks by village, 2004–2008 in Nakhon Pathom province.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3924483&req=5

ijerph-11-00934-f002: H5N1 HPAI outbreaks by village, 2004–2008 in Nakhon Pathom province.
Mentions: Forty one H5N1 HPAI laboratory confirmed outbreaks were reported in Nakhon Pathom from 2004 to 2005 (Figure 2). The province has suffered strong economic effects, like the neighboring province of Suphanburi where H5N1 HPAI emerged in late 2003 [2]. Of the 173 farms from sector 2 and 3 of Nakhon Pathom inspected in 2011, 43 were established after 2004 (Figure 3).

Bottom Line: The results show that numerous vulnerability factors subsist and could represent, in case of HPAI re-emergence, a significant risk for a large spread of the disease.Bio-security, farm management and agro-commercial practices are particularly significant on that matter: results show that these practices still need a thorough improvement on a majority of farms.Those results are consistent with the type of farms that were mostly affected during the 2004-2008 outbreaks in Thailand.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center of Excellence for Vectors and Vector Borne Diseases, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University at Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand. Marc.Souris@ird.fr.

ABSTRACT
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) remains of concern as a major potential global threat. This article evaluates and discusses the level of vulnerability of medium and small-scale commercial poultry production systems in Thailand related to avian influenza virus re-emergence. We developed a survey on 173 farms in Nakhon Pathom province to identify the global level of vulnerability of farms, and to determine which type of farms appears to be more vulnerable. We used official regulations (the Good Agricultural Practices and Livestock Farm Standards regulations) as a reference to check whether these regulations are respected. The results show that numerous vulnerability factors subsist and could represent, in case of HPAI re-emergence, a significant risk for a large spread of the disease. Bio-security, farm management and agro-commercial practices are particularly significant on that matter: results show that these practices still need a thorough improvement on a majority of farms. Farms producing eggs (especially duck eggs) are more vulnerable than farms producing meat. Those results are consistent with the type of farms that were mostly affected during the 2004-2008 outbreaks in Thailand.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus