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Evaluation of the preservation value and location of farm ponds in Yunlin County, Taiwan.

Chou WW, Lee SH, Wu CF - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2013)

Bottom Line: Farm ponds in Yunlin County first appeared in 1,622 and have played roles in habitation, production, the ecology, culture, and disaster reduction.In short, FAHP and GIS are integrated to evaluate the number and locations of farm ponds that provide water for habitation, production, the ecology, culture, and disaster reduction and maintain the overall preservation value in Yunlin County.The results could inform governmental departments when considering conservation policies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Architecture, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 701, Taiwan. hotto8@msn.com.

ABSTRACT
Farm ponds in Yunlin County first appeared in 1,622 and have played roles in habitation, production, the ecology, culture, and disaster reduction. Farm ponds largely disappeared with the development of urban areas and the industrial sector; thus, effective preservation of the remaining ponds is critical. The criteria to evaluate the preservation value of farm ponds is established by expert questionnaires which follow the Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM) and Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP), and GIS, which are integrated into a spatial analysis of the remaining 481 farm ponds in Yunlin County. The results show that 28 ponds should be preserved to continue the cultural interaction between farm ponds and settlements; 36 ponds should preserved to connect coasts and streams, which are important habitats for birds; 30 ponds should be preserved to increase storage capacity, recharge groundwater, and reduce land subsidence; four ponds should be preserved as Feng-Shui ponds in front of temples in settlements or as recreation areas for local citizens; and four farms should be preserved (high priority) in agricultural production areas to support irrigation. In short, FAHP and GIS are integrated to evaluate the number and locations of farm ponds that provide water for habitation, production, the ecology, culture, and disaster reduction and maintain the overall preservation value in Yunlin County. The results could inform governmental departments when considering conservation policies.

Show MeSH
Distribution of farm ponds with cultural landscapes preservation value.
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ijerph-11-00548-f006: Distribution of farm ponds with cultural landscapes preservation value.

Mentions: To determine the location and distribution of the cultural landscapes of farm ponds, the previous threshold is applied to the 86 (17.8%) farm ponds with high preservation value of cultural landscapes. As shown by the location distribution, most farm ponds with a high value of cultural landscapes are distributed along the southwestern coasts (including Kouhu Township, Shuilin Township, Beigang Township, Yuanchang Township, and Sihhu Township), central plains (Taixi Township and Dongshih Township), and central and northern areas (Huwei Township, Erlun Township, and Siluo Township) with several in the eastern mountains. Most are not concentrated in any one region, showing that farm ponds in Yunlin County extend humanistic environments and reflect the regional relationship between farm ponds and the spatial distribution of settlements (Figure 6). For instance, the Hutzunei settlement in Shuilin Township is the first farm-pond-centered spatial distribution. The settlement attaches to the natural hills and faces the farm pond; tall trees and a temple are the important spaces for village activities, presenting a spatial distribution corresponding to the environmental terrain. A total of 63 (13.1%) farm ponds with lower Cultural Landscape value are concentrated on the western coasts (including Sihhu Township, Taixi Township, and Dongshih Township), Mailiao Township, and inland plains (southern Tuku Township), showing a fractured interaction between farm ponds and human settlements and alienation from historical culture.


Evaluation of the preservation value and location of farm ponds in Yunlin County, Taiwan.

Chou WW, Lee SH, Wu CF - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2013)

Distribution of farm ponds with cultural landscapes preservation value.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3924460&req=5

ijerph-11-00548-f006: Distribution of farm ponds with cultural landscapes preservation value.
Mentions: To determine the location and distribution of the cultural landscapes of farm ponds, the previous threshold is applied to the 86 (17.8%) farm ponds with high preservation value of cultural landscapes. As shown by the location distribution, most farm ponds with a high value of cultural landscapes are distributed along the southwestern coasts (including Kouhu Township, Shuilin Township, Beigang Township, Yuanchang Township, and Sihhu Township), central plains (Taixi Township and Dongshih Township), and central and northern areas (Huwei Township, Erlun Township, and Siluo Township) with several in the eastern mountains. Most are not concentrated in any one region, showing that farm ponds in Yunlin County extend humanistic environments and reflect the regional relationship between farm ponds and the spatial distribution of settlements (Figure 6). For instance, the Hutzunei settlement in Shuilin Township is the first farm-pond-centered spatial distribution. The settlement attaches to the natural hills and faces the farm pond; tall trees and a temple are the important spaces for village activities, presenting a spatial distribution corresponding to the environmental terrain. A total of 63 (13.1%) farm ponds with lower Cultural Landscape value are concentrated on the western coasts (including Sihhu Township, Taixi Township, and Dongshih Township), Mailiao Township, and inland plains (southern Tuku Township), showing a fractured interaction between farm ponds and human settlements and alienation from historical culture.

Bottom Line: Farm ponds in Yunlin County first appeared in 1,622 and have played roles in habitation, production, the ecology, culture, and disaster reduction.In short, FAHP and GIS are integrated to evaluate the number and locations of farm ponds that provide water for habitation, production, the ecology, culture, and disaster reduction and maintain the overall preservation value in Yunlin County.The results could inform governmental departments when considering conservation policies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Architecture, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 701, Taiwan. hotto8@msn.com.

ABSTRACT
Farm ponds in Yunlin County first appeared in 1,622 and have played roles in habitation, production, the ecology, culture, and disaster reduction. Farm ponds largely disappeared with the development of urban areas and the industrial sector; thus, effective preservation of the remaining ponds is critical. The criteria to evaluate the preservation value of farm ponds is established by expert questionnaires which follow the Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM) and Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP), and GIS, which are integrated into a spatial analysis of the remaining 481 farm ponds in Yunlin County. The results show that 28 ponds should be preserved to continue the cultural interaction between farm ponds and settlements; 36 ponds should preserved to connect coasts and streams, which are important habitats for birds; 30 ponds should be preserved to increase storage capacity, recharge groundwater, and reduce land subsidence; four ponds should be preserved as Feng-Shui ponds in front of temples in settlements or as recreation areas for local citizens; and four farms should be preserved (high priority) in agricultural production areas to support irrigation. In short, FAHP and GIS are integrated to evaluate the number and locations of farm ponds that provide water for habitation, production, the ecology, culture, and disaster reduction and maintain the overall preservation value in Yunlin County. The results could inform governmental departments when considering conservation policies.

Show MeSH