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Determination of volatile compounds in four commercial samples of Japanese green algae using solid phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry.

Yamamoto M, Baldermann S, Yoshikawa K, Fujita A, Mase N, Watanabe N - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Bottom Line: Seaweed is consumed fresh or as seasoning in Japan.Benzaldehyde was predominant in seaweed from Shizuoka prefecture (Monostroma nitidum).This work shows the potential of SPME-GC-MS coupled with multivariant analysis to discriminate between samples of different geographical and botanical origins and form the basis for development of authentication methods of green algae products, including seasonings.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Integrated Bioscience Section, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Green algae are of great economic importance. Seaweed is consumed fresh or as seasoning in Japan. The commercial value is determined by quality, color, and flavor and is also strongly influenced by the production area. Our research, based on solid phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS), has revealed that volatile compounds differ intensely in the four varieties of commercial green algae. Accordingly, 41 major volatile compounds were identified. Heptadecene was the most abundant compound from Okayama (Ulva prolifera), Tokushima (Ulva prolifera), and Ehime prefecture (Ulva linza). Apocarotenoids, such as ionones, and their derivatives were prominent volatiles in algae from Okayama (Ulva prolifera) and Tokushima prefecture (Ulva prolifera). Volatile, short chained apocarotenoids are among the most potent flavor components and contribute to the flavor of fresh, processed algae, and algae-based products. Benzaldehyde was predominant in seaweed from Shizuoka prefecture (Monostroma nitidum). Multivariant statistical analysis (PCA) enabled simple discrimination of the samples based on their volatile profiles. This work shows the potential of SPME-GC-MS coupled with multivariant analysis to discriminate between samples of different geographical and botanical origins and form the basis for development of authentication methods of green algae products, including seasonings.

Show MeSH
Correlation circle of volatile compounds from different green algae samples. The profiling was carried out based on 41 peaks and detected corresponding peak area ratios. Samples were independently analyzed in triplicate. The data was analyzed by PCA using XL-STAT 2013.2.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig4: Correlation circle of volatile compounds from different green algae samples. The profiling was carried out based on 41 peaks and detected corresponding peak area ratios. Samples were independently analyzed in triplicate. The data was analyzed by PCA using XL-STAT 2013.2.

Mentions: Ketones, sulfur compounds, and esters occurred in similar concentration ranges in all of the samples. Principal component analysis was performed to identify key volatiles contributing to the flavor characteristic of the four commercial algae samples. Figure 4 shows the correlation circle of factor 1 against factor 2 and helped us to identify major volatiles contributing to the distinct flavor properties of the commercial samples.


Determination of volatile compounds in four commercial samples of Japanese green algae using solid phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry.

Yamamoto M, Baldermann S, Yoshikawa K, Fujita A, Mase N, Watanabe N - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Correlation circle of volatile compounds from different green algae samples. The profiling was carried out based on 41 peaks and detected corresponding peak area ratios. Samples were independently analyzed in triplicate. The data was analyzed by PCA using XL-STAT 2013.2.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3921977&req=5

fig4: Correlation circle of volatile compounds from different green algae samples. The profiling was carried out based on 41 peaks and detected corresponding peak area ratios. Samples were independently analyzed in triplicate. The data was analyzed by PCA using XL-STAT 2013.2.
Mentions: Ketones, sulfur compounds, and esters occurred in similar concentration ranges in all of the samples. Principal component analysis was performed to identify key volatiles contributing to the flavor characteristic of the four commercial algae samples. Figure 4 shows the correlation circle of factor 1 against factor 2 and helped us to identify major volatiles contributing to the distinct flavor properties of the commercial samples.

Bottom Line: Seaweed is consumed fresh or as seasoning in Japan.Benzaldehyde was predominant in seaweed from Shizuoka prefecture (Monostroma nitidum).This work shows the potential of SPME-GC-MS coupled with multivariant analysis to discriminate between samples of different geographical and botanical origins and form the basis for development of authentication methods of green algae products, including seasonings.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Integrated Bioscience Section, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Green algae are of great economic importance. Seaweed is consumed fresh or as seasoning in Japan. The commercial value is determined by quality, color, and flavor and is also strongly influenced by the production area. Our research, based on solid phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS), has revealed that volatile compounds differ intensely in the four varieties of commercial green algae. Accordingly, 41 major volatile compounds were identified. Heptadecene was the most abundant compound from Okayama (Ulva prolifera), Tokushima (Ulva prolifera), and Ehime prefecture (Ulva linza). Apocarotenoids, such as ionones, and their derivatives were prominent volatiles in algae from Okayama (Ulva prolifera) and Tokushima prefecture (Ulva prolifera). Volatile, short chained apocarotenoids are among the most potent flavor components and contribute to the flavor of fresh, processed algae, and algae-based products. Benzaldehyde was predominant in seaweed from Shizuoka prefecture (Monostroma nitidum). Multivariant statistical analysis (PCA) enabled simple discrimination of the samples based on their volatile profiles. This work shows the potential of SPME-GC-MS coupled with multivariant analysis to discriminate between samples of different geographical and botanical origins and form the basis for development of authentication methods of green algae products, including seasonings.

Show MeSH