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Prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis among adult population in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Sonomjamts M, Dashdemberel S, Logii N, Nakae K, Chigusa Y, Ohhira S, Ito C, Sagara H, Makino S - Asia Pac Allergy (2014)

Bottom Line: Mongolia is changing lifestyle, unhealthy habits, increase of air pollution, increasing life expectancy have led to an up rise of chronic respiratory diseases.Prevalence of current wheezer in all age group was 15.7% (95% CI: 14.7-16.8).Age and sex segregated distribution of current wheezer were defined among male and female and prevalence was 14.5% (95% CI: 13.3-16.2) in male and female 16.6% (95% CI: 15.2-18.3) respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Medicine, Health Sciences University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar 210648, Mongolia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Mongolia is changing lifestyle, unhealthy habits, increase of air pollution, increasing life expectancy have led to an up rise of chronic respiratory diseases. Over 10 years ago, the prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in Mongolia were in the lower range reported from previous studies.

Objective: The main aim of the survey is to know the prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis among adult population of Ulaanbaatar city, Mongolia and their risk factors.

Methods: Total of approximately 1,200 adults aged 20 years and over were planned to be randomly selected. The questionnaire was developed on the basis of WHO Protocol for Assessment of Prevalence of Major Respiratory Diseases and modified by local risk factors assessment and by other international survey approach including Global Initiative for Asthma and European Community Respiratory Health Survey.

Results: Prevalence of current wheezer in all age group was 15.7% (95% CI: 14.7-16.8). Age and sex segregated distribution of current wheezer were defined among male and female and prevalence was 14.5% (95% CI: 13.3-16.2) in male and female 16.6% (95% CI: 15.2-18.3) respectively. Prevalence of diagnosed asthma among adults was 4.7% (95% CI: 4.3-5.6) in all age group, 3% (95% CI: 2.4-3.7) in male and 6.8% (95% CI: 5.8-7.9) in female. Prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis was 14.6% in all age group. 28.4% out of subjects with allergic rhinitis has current asthma, while 11.6% of subjects without allergic rhinitis has asthma (p < 0.01).

Conclusion: The prevalence of asthma increased for one decade in Ulaanbaatar. Prevalence of diagnosed asthma is approximately 5% and current wheezer is approximately 15% in adults of population, which is close to other Asia and European countries. Allergic rhinitis is a risk factor for asthma.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prevalence of allergic rhinitis among adults 20 years and over in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (%).
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Figure 3: Prevalence of allergic rhinitis among adults 20 years and over in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (%).

Mentions: The prevalence of current allergic rhinitis was 23.6% (95% CI: 22.4-24.9) in all age group, 23% (95% CI: 21.3-24.8) in male and 24.3% (95% CI: 22.6-26.1) in female (Fig. 3). Prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis was 14.6% in all age group and 13.8% in adults 20-39 years (Table 1).


Prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis among adult population in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Sonomjamts M, Dashdemberel S, Logii N, Nakae K, Chigusa Y, Ohhira S, Ito C, Sagara H, Makino S - Asia Pac Allergy (2014)

Prevalence of allergic rhinitis among adults 20 years and over in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (%).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3921862&req=5

Figure 3: Prevalence of allergic rhinitis among adults 20 years and over in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (%).
Mentions: The prevalence of current allergic rhinitis was 23.6% (95% CI: 22.4-24.9) in all age group, 23% (95% CI: 21.3-24.8) in male and 24.3% (95% CI: 22.6-26.1) in female (Fig. 3). Prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis was 14.6% in all age group and 13.8% in adults 20-39 years (Table 1).

Bottom Line: Mongolia is changing lifestyle, unhealthy habits, increase of air pollution, increasing life expectancy have led to an up rise of chronic respiratory diseases.Prevalence of current wheezer in all age group was 15.7% (95% CI: 14.7-16.8).Age and sex segregated distribution of current wheezer were defined among male and female and prevalence was 14.5% (95% CI: 13.3-16.2) in male and female 16.6% (95% CI: 15.2-18.3) respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Medicine, Health Sciences University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar 210648, Mongolia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Mongolia is changing lifestyle, unhealthy habits, increase of air pollution, increasing life expectancy have led to an up rise of chronic respiratory diseases. Over 10 years ago, the prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in Mongolia were in the lower range reported from previous studies.

Objective: The main aim of the survey is to know the prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis among adult population of Ulaanbaatar city, Mongolia and their risk factors.

Methods: Total of approximately 1,200 adults aged 20 years and over were planned to be randomly selected. The questionnaire was developed on the basis of WHO Protocol for Assessment of Prevalence of Major Respiratory Diseases and modified by local risk factors assessment and by other international survey approach including Global Initiative for Asthma and European Community Respiratory Health Survey.

Results: Prevalence of current wheezer in all age group was 15.7% (95% CI: 14.7-16.8). Age and sex segregated distribution of current wheezer were defined among male and female and prevalence was 14.5% (95% CI: 13.3-16.2) in male and female 16.6% (95% CI: 15.2-18.3) respectively. Prevalence of diagnosed asthma among adults was 4.7% (95% CI: 4.3-5.6) in all age group, 3% (95% CI: 2.4-3.7) in male and 6.8% (95% CI: 5.8-7.9) in female. Prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis was 14.6% in all age group. 28.4% out of subjects with allergic rhinitis has current asthma, while 11.6% of subjects without allergic rhinitis has asthma (p < 0.01).

Conclusion: The prevalence of asthma increased for one decade in Ulaanbaatar. Prevalence of diagnosed asthma is approximately 5% and current wheezer is approximately 15% in adults of population, which is close to other Asia and European countries. Allergic rhinitis is a risk factor for asthma.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus