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Mental status in patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis.

Banyra O, Ivanenko O, Nikitin O, Shulyak A - Cent European J Urol (2013)

Bottom Line: The addition of pharmacotherapy to psychotherapy is effective in treatment-resistant cases.A significant portion of CBP patients were diagnosed with neurotic, psychosomatic, and/or depressive disorders.Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy, when followed by appropriate psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, significantly decrease the manifestations of mental disorders in CBP patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 2 Lviv Municipal Polyclinic, Lviv, Ukraine.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chronic prostatitis is a widespread urological disease with a lengthy course and a propensity to frequent recurrences. Adequate response to anti-inflammatory therapy is lacking in a high percentage of patients, which causes them to seek medical advice from different doctors. Thus, the physicians are challenged to look for other reasons causing the pathological symptoms.

Material and methods: We have reviewed the patients with treatment-resistant chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) from the perspective of psychosomatic medicine. For the evaluation of primary mental status and treatment control we used standard approved questionnaires. All 337 CBP patients initially underwent therapy aimed at pathogen eradication. If psychopathological symptoms were evident and dominated over urological ones, the patients were referred to psychiatric evaluation and treatment.

Results: The frequency of concomitant psychosomatic disorders (PSD) in patients with CBP was 28.2% and neurotic disorders - 26.4%. Adequate multimodal anti-inflammatory therapy followed by a few sessions of psychotherapy decreased the manifestations of PSD in 30.5%, neurotic disorders in 51.7%, and premature ejaculation in 60.5% of patients with CBP. The addition of pharmacotherapy to psychotherapy is effective in treatment-resistant cases. However, after multimodal treatment, 31.5% of pts. with PSD and 13.5% of pts. with neurotic disorders still remain treatment-resistant and required in-depth long-term psychiatric care.

Conclusions: A significant portion of CBP patients were diagnosed with neurotic, psychosomatic, and/or depressive disorders. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy, when followed by appropriate psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, significantly decrease the manifestations of mental disorders in CBP patients.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Efficacy of previous anti–inflammatory treatment followed by psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in patients with CBP and mental disorders.
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Figure 0002: Efficacy of previous anti–inflammatory treatment followed by psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in patients with CBP and mental disorders.

Mentions: The addition of pharmacotherapy to psychotherapy in patients with CBP and mental disorders was found to significantly decrease the manifestation of neurotic disorders (Fig. 2).


Mental status in patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis.

Banyra O, Ivanenko O, Nikitin O, Shulyak A - Cent European J Urol (2013)

Efficacy of previous anti–inflammatory treatment followed by psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in patients with CBP and mental disorders.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3921839&req=5

Figure 0002: Efficacy of previous anti–inflammatory treatment followed by psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in patients with CBP and mental disorders.
Mentions: The addition of pharmacotherapy to psychotherapy in patients with CBP and mental disorders was found to significantly decrease the manifestation of neurotic disorders (Fig. 2).

Bottom Line: The addition of pharmacotherapy to psychotherapy is effective in treatment-resistant cases.A significant portion of CBP patients were diagnosed with neurotic, psychosomatic, and/or depressive disorders.Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy, when followed by appropriate psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, significantly decrease the manifestations of mental disorders in CBP patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 2 Lviv Municipal Polyclinic, Lviv, Ukraine.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chronic prostatitis is a widespread urological disease with a lengthy course and a propensity to frequent recurrences. Adequate response to anti-inflammatory therapy is lacking in a high percentage of patients, which causes them to seek medical advice from different doctors. Thus, the physicians are challenged to look for other reasons causing the pathological symptoms.

Material and methods: We have reviewed the patients with treatment-resistant chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) from the perspective of psychosomatic medicine. For the evaluation of primary mental status and treatment control we used standard approved questionnaires. All 337 CBP patients initially underwent therapy aimed at pathogen eradication. If psychopathological symptoms were evident and dominated over urological ones, the patients were referred to psychiatric evaluation and treatment.

Results: The frequency of concomitant psychosomatic disorders (PSD) in patients with CBP was 28.2% and neurotic disorders - 26.4%. Adequate multimodal anti-inflammatory therapy followed by a few sessions of psychotherapy decreased the manifestations of PSD in 30.5%, neurotic disorders in 51.7%, and premature ejaculation in 60.5% of patients with CBP. The addition of pharmacotherapy to psychotherapy is effective in treatment-resistant cases. However, after multimodal treatment, 31.5% of pts. with PSD and 13.5% of pts. with neurotic disorders still remain treatment-resistant and required in-depth long-term psychiatric care.

Conclusions: A significant portion of CBP patients were diagnosed with neurotic, psychosomatic, and/or depressive disorders. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy, when followed by appropriate psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, significantly decrease the manifestations of mental disorders in CBP patients.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus