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Acanoides gen. n., a new spider genus from China with a note on the taxonomic status of Acanthoneta Eskov & Marusik, 1992 (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Micronetinae).

Sun N, Marusik YM, Tu L - Zookeys (2014)

Bottom Line: To distinguish from other genera with similar genitalic characters, we compare the new genus with the species of Acanthoneta Eskov & Marusik, 1992, Epibellowia Tanasevitch, 1996 and Wubanoides Eskov, 1986.Furthermore, redescriptions of the epigynal morphology of Acanthoneta aggressa Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943 (Nearctic) and on the male of A. dokutchaevi Eskov & Marusik, 1993 (Far East Asia, firstly recorded from China) are provided.Based on comparison with Poeciloneta, from which Acanthoneta stat. n. was separated by Saaristo and Tanasevitch (1996), a revised diagnosis is proposed to support the generic status.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Xisanhuanbeilu Str. 105, Haidian Dist., Beijing, 100048, P. R. China.

ABSTRACT
A new "micronetine" genus Acanoides gen. n. is erected to accommodate two species from China: Acanoides beijingensis sp. n. as the type species and Acanoides hengshanensis (Chen & Yin, 2000), comb. n., with the females described for the first time. The genitalic characters and somatic features of the new genus were studied by means of light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The monophyly of the new genus was tested by a phylogenetic analysis based on molecular data. Descriptions of the new genus, the new species and the new combination are presented; SEM images and microscopy pictures of somatic and genitalic characters are provided in detail. To distinguish from other genera with similar genitalic characters, we compare the new genus with the species of Acanthoneta Eskov & Marusik, 1992, Epibellowia Tanasevitch, 1996 and Wubanoides Eskov, 1986. Four putative synapomorphies for Acanoides gen. n. are suggested to support its monophyly that could be tested in the future. Furthermore, redescriptions of the epigynal morphology of Acanthoneta aggressa Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943 (Nearctic) and on the male of A. dokutchaevi Eskov & Marusik, 1993 (Far East Asia, firstly recorded from China) are provided. Based on comparison with Poeciloneta, from which Acanthoneta stat. n. was separated by Saaristo and Tanasevitch (1996), a revised diagnosis is proposed to support the generic status.

No MeSH data available.


Acanoides beijingensis sp. n. (A–C) and Acanoides hengshanensis (D–F). A male, dorsal B female, dorsal C male, lateral, rectangle indicates ventrolateral rows of bristles on Mt I D male, lateral, rectangle indicates ventrolateral rows of bristles on Mt I E male, dorsal F female, dorsal. [Scale bars: mm].
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Figure 1: Acanoides beijingensis sp. n. (A–C) and Acanoides hengshanensis (D–F). A male, dorsal B female, dorsal C male, lateral, rectangle indicates ventrolateral rows of bristles on Mt I D male, lateral, rectangle indicates ventrolateral rows of bristles on Mt I E male, dorsal F female, dorsal. [Scale bars: mm].

Mentions: Male total length 2.34–2.73; female total length 2.10–2.42. Carapace yellowish-brown. Male carapace unmodified. AMEs smallest, others subequal; from the dorsal view AER recurved, PER straight, eyes separated by AMEd, ALE and PLE juxtaposed. Chelicerae medium-sized, with strong stridulatory ridges, female fang groove with three promarginal and three retromarginal teeth in Acanoides beijingensis sp. n., and two promarginal and two retromarginal teeth in Acanoides hengshanensis. Chaetotaxy: Ti I–IV: 2-2-2-2; Mt I–IV: 1-1-1-1; Mt I of males with two rows of ventral bristles, one prolateral, one retrolateral (Fig. 1C, 1D); Tm I about 0.25, Tm IV absent. Both species have a haplotracheate system.


Acanoides gen. n., a new spider genus from China with a note on the taxonomic status of Acanthoneta Eskov & Marusik, 1992 (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Micronetinae).

Sun N, Marusik YM, Tu L - Zookeys (2014)

Acanoides beijingensis sp. n. (A–C) and Acanoides hengshanensis (D–F). A male, dorsal B female, dorsal C male, lateral, rectangle indicates ventrolateral rows of bristles on Mt I D male, lateral, rectangle indicates ventrolateral rows of bristles on Mt I E male, dorsal F female, dorsal. [Scale bars: mm].
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3921563&req=5

Figure 1: Acanoides beijingensis sp. n. (A–C) and Acanoides hengshanensis (D–F). A male, dorsal B female, dorsal C male, lateral, rectangle indicates ventrolateral rows of bristles on Mt I D male, lateral, rectangle indicates ventrolateral rows of bristles on Mt I E male, dorsal F female, dorsal. [Scale bars: mm].
Mentions: Male total length 2.34–2.73; female total length 2.10–2.42. Carapace yellowish-brown. Male carapace unmodified. AMEs smallest, others subequal; from the dorsal view AER recurved, PER straight, eyes separated by AMEd, ALE and PLE juxtaposed. Chelicerae medium-sized, with strong stridulatory ridges, female fang groove with three promarginal and three retromarginal teeth in Acanoides beijingensis sp. n., and two promarginal and two retromarginal teeth in Acanoides hengshanensis. Chaetotaxy: Ti I–IV: 2-2-2-2; Mt I–IV: 1-1-1-1; Mt I of males with two rows of ventral bristles, one prolateral, one retrolateral (Fig. 1C, 1D); Tm I about 0.25, Tm IV absent. Both species have a haplotracheate system.

Bottom Line: To distinguish from other genera with similar genitalic characters, we compare the new genus with the species of Acanthoneta Eskov & Marusik, 1992, Epibellowia Tanasevitch, 1996 and Wubanoides Eskov, 1986.Furthermore, redescriptions of the epigynal morphology of Acanthoneta aggressa Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943 (Nearctic) and on the male of A. dokutchaevi Eskov & Marusik, 1993 (Far East Asia, firstly recorded from China) are provided.Based on comparison with Poeciloneta, from which Acanthoneta stat. n. was separated by Saaristo and Tanasevitch (1996), a revised diagnosis is proposed to support the generic status.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Xisanhuanbeilu Str. 105, Haidian Dist., Beijing, 100048, P. R. China.

ABSTRACT
A new "micronetine" genus Acanoides gen. n. is erected to accommodate two species from China: Acanoides beijingensis sp. n. as the type species and Acanoides hengshanensis (Chen & Yin, 2000), comb. n., with the females described for the first time. The genitalic characters and somatic features of the new genus were studied by means of light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The monophyly of the new genus was tested by a phylogenetic analysis based on molecular data. Descriptions of the new genus, the new species and the new combination are presented; SEM images and microscopy pictures of somatic and genitalic characters are provided in detail. To distinguish from other genera with similar genitalic characters, we compare the new genus with the species of Acanthoneta Eskov & Marusik, 1992, Epibellowia Tanasevitch, 1996 and Wubanoides Eskov, 1986. Four putative synapomorphies for Acanoides gen. n. are suggested to support its monophyly that could be tested in the future. Furthermore, redescriptions of the epigynal morphology of Acanthoneta aggressa Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943 (Nearctic) and on the male of A. dokutchaevi Eskov & Marusik, 1993 (Far East Asia, firstly recorded from China) are provided. Based on comparison with Poeciloneta, from which Acanthoneta stat. n. was separated by Saaristo and Tanasevitch (1996), a revised diagnosis is proposed to support the generic status.

No MeSH data available.