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Orthopedic injuries following the East azerbaijan earthquake.

Elmi A, Ganjpour Sales J, Tabrizi A, Soleimanpour J, Mohseni MA - Trauma Mon (2013)

Bottom Line: In this study, there were 105 females (52.5%) and 95 males (47.5%), out of which, 6 (3%) patients with associated severe head injuries died.Also, 42 (21%) patients living in Tabriz were injured while they were running away (falling down the stairs and jumping out of windows).Compartment syndrome is one of the main problems that should be addressed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Shohada Educational Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Evaluating demographic characteristics, distribution and types of orthopedic injuries following major earthquakes may be helpful in future planning for disasters.

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze data from trauma patients with extremity injury resulting from the earthquakes of East Azerbaijan, Iran.

Patients and methods: Medical records of 686 patients admitted to Shohada hospital, Trauma Center of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were reviewed. There were 200 patients with extremity injury assessed. Demographic characteristics and patterns of injuries in these patients were evaluated.

Results: In this study, there were 105 females (52.5%) and 95 males (47.5%), out of which, 6 (3%) patients with associated severe head injuries died. The most common sites of injury were lower extremities (81 patients, 41.5% of total victims) while 32 patients (16%) suffered from both upper and lower extremity injuries. Open Fractures were seen in lower extremities of 26 (13%) patients. Compartment syndrome was observed in 3 (1.5%) patients with lower limb fractures. Also, 42 (21%) patients living in Tabriz were injured while they were running away (falling down the stairs and jumping out of windows).

Conclusions: Extremity injuries especially open fractures of lower limbs account for the majority of hospitalized victims. Compartment syndrome is one of the main problems that should be addressed. Our study demonstrates that people still need more education regarding earthquakes and the government should direct more attention to this issue.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Age and Gender Distribution of Traumatic Patients Following the East Azerbaijan Earthquake
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fig3544: Age and Gender Distribution of Traumatic Patients Following the East Azerbaijan Earthquake

Mentions: In total, 200 victims with extremity injuries were evaluated and 81.4% of them were hospitalized during the first hours after the earthquake. CPR was performed for 6 (3%) patients but unfortunately all six patients died. They had extremity fractures with severe head injury and they were assigned an ISS score of 75. Average ISS calculated for victims was 20.5 ± 11.5; 36 (18%). There was no difference between the two genders considering severity scores. The details of AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale) of 6 ISS categories of earthquake victims are shown in Table 1. There were 42 (21%) patients living in Tabriz whom suffered trauma while fleeing (falling down stairs and jumping out of windows). Others were referred from the earthquake-stricken areas after evacuation. Demographic characteristics of the patients are shown in Table 2. There was a significant difference between male and female victims with regard to age (P < 0.001) but there was no difference between them with regard to gender. Figure 1 refers to age and gender distribution of the patients. The more common sites of injury were the extremities (184 patients, 92% of all victims) including upper extremities in 71 cases (35.5%) and lower extremities in 81 cases (40.5%); and 32 patients (16%) suffered from both upper and lower extremity injury. Injury to other organs (the abdomen and chest) associated with orthopedic injuries were seen in 36 (18%) patients. Types of injury are detailed in Table 3. Other injuries, not mentioned in Table 1, included closed upper and lower extremity fractures, which were seen in 14 (7%) and 25 (12.5%) patients respectively.


Orthopedic injuries following the East azerbaijan earthquake.

Elmi A, Ganjpour Sales J, Tabrizi A, Soleimanpour J, Mohseni MA - Trauma Mon (2013)

Age and Gender Distribution of Traumatic Patients Following the East Azerbaijan Earthquake
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3860649&req=5

fig3544: Age and Gender Distribution of Traumatic Patients Following the East Azerbaijan Earthquake
Mentions: In total, 200 victims with extremity injuries were evaluated and 81.4% of them were hospitalized during the first hours after the earthquake. CPR was performed for 6 (3%) patients but unfortunately all six patients died. They had extremity fractures with severe head injury and they were assigned an ISS score of 75. Average ISS calculated for victims was 20.5 ± 11.5; 36 (18%). There was no difference between the two genders considering severity scores. The details of AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale) of 6 ISS categories of earthquake victims are shown in Table 1. There were 42 (21%) patients living in Tabriz whom suffered trauma while fleeing (falling down stairs and jumping out of windows). Others were referred from the earthquake-stricken areas after evacuation. Demographic characteristics of the patients are shown in Table 2. There was a significant difference between male and female victims with regard to age (P < 0.001) but there was no difference between them with regard to gender. Figure 1 refers to age and gender distribution of the patients. The more common sites of injury were the extremities (184 patients, 92% of all victims) including upper extremities in 71 cases (35.5%) and lower extremities in 81 cases (40.5%); and 32 patients (16%) suffered from both upper and lower extremity injury. Injury to other organs (the abdomen and chest) associated with orthopedic injuries were seen in 36 (18%) patients. Types of injury are detailed in Table 3. Other injuries, not mentioned in Table 1, included closed upper and lower extremity fractures, which were seen in 14 (7%) and 25 (12.5%) patients respectively.

Bottom Line: In this study, there were 105 females (52.5%) and 95 males (47.5%), out of which, 6 (3%) patients with associated severe head injuries died.Also, 42 (21%) patients living in Tabriz were injured while they were running away (falling down the stairs and jumping out of windows).Compartment syndrome is one of the main problems that should be addressed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Shohada Educational Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Evaluating demographic characteristics, distribution and types of orthopedic injuries following major earthquakes may be helpful in future planning for disasters.

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze data from trauma patients with extremity injury resulting from the earthquakes of East Azerbaijan, Iran.

Patients and methods: Medical records of 686 patients admitted to Shohada hospital, Trauma Center of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were reviewed. There were 200 patients with extremity injury assessed. Demographic characteristics and patterns of injuries in these patients were evaluated.

Results: In this study, there were 105 females (52.5%) and 95 males (47.5%), out of which, 6 (3%) patients with associated severe head injuries died. The most common sites of injury were lower extremities (81 patients, 41.5% of total victims) while 32 patients (16%) suffered from both upper and lower extremity injuries. Open Fractures were seen in lower extremities of 26 (13%) patients. Compartment syndrome was observed in 3 (1.5%) patients with lower limb fractures. Also, 42 (21%) patients living in Tabriz were injured while they were running away (falling down the stairs and jumping out of windows).

Conclusions: Extremity injuries especially open fractures of lower limbs account for the majority of hospitalized victims. Compartment syndrome is one of the main problems that should be addressed. Our study demonstrates that people still need more education regarding earthquakes and the government should direct more attention to this issue.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus