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The effects of a pilot intervention for community-dwelling adults with rheumatoid arthritis in wuhan, china.

Deng W, Hu J - Front Public Health (2013)

Bottom Line: Knowledge scores were significantly increased over time.Significant differences were found in pain self-efficacy, symptoms self-efficacy, bodily pain, social functioning, and role emotional functions.Community health providers should provide educational programs to improve HRQoL for adults with RA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hope School of Nursing, Wuhan University , Wuhan , China.

ABSTRACT
This study examined the effects of a pilot educational intervention program on knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of community-dwelling adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A convenience sample of 16 participants with RA completed the program in Wuhan, China. Data were collected in face-to-face interviews using questionnaires at baseline, post-test, and 1 month follow-up. Knowledge scores were significantly increased over time. Significant differences were found in pain self-efficacy, symptoms self-efficacy, bodily pain, social functioning, and role emotional functions. Community health providers should provide educational programs to improve HRQoL for adults with RA.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Flow chart of the participants with rheumatoid arthritis in the study.
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Figure 2: Flow chart of the participants with rheumatoid arthritis in the study.

Mentions: A power analysis was performed to determine the sample size. In previous studies, effect sizes of self-efficacy in relation to pain and other symptoms are 0.45, 0.35, respectively (29, 30). The effect size was used 0.5 in this study. Based on the power analysis using an effect size of 0.5, a significance level of 0.05, and a power of 0.80 showed that a sample size of 30 was required (31, 32). The sample size was increased by approximately 15% to protect against the possibility of missing data. Therefore, 35 participants were needed in the study. A total of 36 interested individuals enrolled to participate. There were 21 eligible participants attending the first session. During the period of the intervention program, five persons discontinued to participate the intervention with two persons were hospitalized, two persons had time conflict, and one person had no interest in the program. At last, 16 participants completed the study after 1 month follow-up. Figure 2 presents the process of determining the sample.


The effects of a pilot intervention for community-dwelling adults with rheumatoid arthritis in wuhan, china.

Deng W, Hu J - Front Public Health (2013)

Flow chart of the participants with rheumatoid arthritis in the study.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3860135&req=5

Figure 2: Flow chart of the participants with rheumatoid arthritis in the study.
Mentions: A power analysis was performed to determine the sample size. In previous studies, effect sizes of self-efficacy in relation to pain and other symptoms are 0.45, 0.35, respectively (29, 30). The effect size was used 0.5 in this study. Based on the power analysis using an effect size of 0.5, a significance level of 0.05, and a power of 0.80 showed that a sample size of 30 was required (31, 32). The sample size was increased by approximately 15% to protect against the possibility of missing data. Therefore, 35 participants were needed in the study. A total of 36 interested individuals enrolled to participate. There were 21 eligible participants attending the first session. During the period of the intervention program, five persons discontinued to participate the intervention with two persons were hospitalized, two persons had time conflict, and one person had no interest in the program. At last, 16 participants completed the study after 1 month follow-up. Figure 2 presents the process of determining the sample.

Bottom Line: Knowledge scores were significantly increased over time.Significant differences were found in pain self-efficacy, symptoms self-efficacy, bodily pain, social functioning, and role emotional functions.Community health providers should provide educational programs to improve HRQoL for adults with RA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hope School of Nursing, Wuhan University , Wuhan , China.

ABSTRACT
This study examined the effects of a pilot educational intervention program on knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of community-dwelling adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A convenience sample of 16 participants with RA completed the program in Wuhan, China. Data were collected in face-to-face interviews using questionnaires at baseline, post-test, and 1 month follow-up. Knowledge scores were significantly increased over time. Significant differences were found in pain self-efficacy, symptoms self-efficacy, bodily pain, social functioning, and role emotional functions. Community health providers should provide educational programs to improve HRQoL for adults with RA.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus