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Preliminary blood pressure screening in a representative sample of extremely obese Kuwaiti adolescents.

Abdul Razzak R, Elmteri A, Elkanderi T, Ishaq F, Eljasem M, AlDuraie S, Al-Boloushi J, Elbanay F, Eldabos L - J Obes (2013)

Bottom Line: A relationship between blood pressure (BP) and obesity has been found in young adults, but no data are available for adolescents in Kuwait. 257 adolescent (11-19 years) participants were categorized into two groups according to their BMI; 48 nonobese (21 males: 43.7% and 27 females: 56.3%) with mean age of 15.61 ± 2.40 years and 209 obese (128 males: 61.25% and 81 females: 38.75%) with mean age of 15.02 ± 2.82 years.There was a similar rate of elevated blood pressure between males and females (64% versus 60%; P = 0.66).For both isolated systolic elevated BP and isolated diastolic elevated BP, the prevalences were comparable between the males (systolic: 42%; diastolic: 5%) and females (systolic: 34%; diastolic: 14%).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Arabian Gulf University (AGU), Road 2904, Building 293, 329 Manama, Bahrain ; CMMS, Arabian Gulf University (AGU), Road 2904, Building 293, 329 Manama, Bahrain.

ABSTRACT
A relationship between blood pressure (BP) and obesity has been found in young adults, but no data are available for adolescents in Kuwait. 257 adolescent (11-19 years) participants were categorized into two groups according to their BMI; 48 nonobese (21 males: 43.7% and 27 females: 56.3%) with mean age of 15.61 ± 2.40 years and 209 obese (128 males: 61.25% and 81 females: 38.75%) with mean age of 15.02 ± 2.82 years. The mean BMI was 21.7 ± 2.23 kg/m(2) for the nonobese group and 34.47 ± 4.70 kg/m(3) for the obese group. Most BP measures based on a single screening were significantly higher in the obese group. The prevalence of elevated BP was significantly higher in the obese subjects (nonobese: 13%; obese: 63%; P < 0.0001). In the obese group, there was a significant positive correlation between total sample BMI and all BP measures except the pulse pressure. There was a similar rate of elevated blood pressure between males and females (64% versus 60%; P = 0.66). For both isolated systolic elevated BP and isolated diastolic elevated BP, the prevalences were comparable between the males (systolic: 42%; diastolic: 5%) and females (systolic: 34%; diastolic: 14%). Only systolic BP was positively correlated with BMI in obese adolescent males (Spearman r = 0.18; P < 0.05), with a significant correlation between BMI with diastolic (Spearman r = 0.22; P < 0.05) and mean BP (Spearman r = 0.21; P < 0.05) in females.

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Frequency of types of elevated blood pressures among the obese Kuwaiti adolescents.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: Frequency of types of elevated blood pressures among the obese Kuwaiti adolescents.

Mentions: In the 133 obese subjects with elevated BP, the type of elevated BP which was contributing to the elevated BP was evaluated by frequency plot (Figure 1). The figure shows that more than half (70/133; 53%) of the obese subjects had both elevated systolic and diastolic BP. Males contributed more to the high isolated systolic BP (35/83; 42%) than females (17/50; 34%) but non-significantly (Fisher's Exact test, P = 0.37), while the opposite was true for females who non-significantly contributed more to the high isolated diastolic BP (7/50; 14%) compared to males (4/83; 5%) (Fisher's Exact test, P = 0.10).


Preliminary blood pressure screening in a representative sample of extremely obese Kuwaiti adolescents.

Abdul Razzak R, Elmteri A, Elkanderi T, Ishaq F, Eljasem M, AlDuraie S, Al-Boloushi J, Elbanay F, Eldabos L - J Obes (2013)

Frequency of types of elevated blood pressures among the obese Kuwaiti adolescents.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3852317&req=5

fig1: Frequency of types of elevated blood pressures among the obese Kuwaiti adolescents.
Mentions: In the 133 obese subjects with elevated BP, the type of elevated BP which was contributing to the elevated BP was evaluated by frequency plot (Figure 1). The figure shows that more than half (70/133; 53%) of the obese subjects had both elevated systolic and diastolic BP. Males contributed more to the high isolated systolic BP (35/83; 42%) than females (17/50; 34%) but non-significantly (Fisher's Exact test, P = 0.37), while the opposite was true for females who non-significantly contributed more to the high isolated diastolic BP (7/50; 14%) compared to males (4/83; 5%) (Fisher's Exact test, P = 0.10).

Bottom Line: A relationship between blood pressure (BP) and obesity has been found in young adults, but no data are available for adolescents in Kuwait. 257 adolescent (11-19 years) participants were categorized into two groups according to their BMI; 48 nonobese (21 males: 43.7% and 27 females: 56.3%) with mean age of 15.61 ± 2.40 years and 209 obese (128 males: 61.25% and 81 females: 38.75%) with mean age of 15.02 ± 2.82 years.There was a similar rate of elevated blood pressure between males and females (64% versus 60%; P = 0.66).For both isolated systolic elevated BP and isolated diastolic elevated BP, the prevalences were comparable between the males (systolic: 42%; diastolic: 5%) and females (systolic: 34%; diastolic: 14%).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Arabian Gulf University (AGU), Road 2904, Building 293, 329 Manama, Bahrain ; CMMS, Arabian Gulf University (AGU), Road 2904, Building 293, 329 Manama, Bahrain.

ABSTRACT
A relationship between blood pressure (BP) and obesity has been found in young adults, but no data are available for adolescents in Kuwait. 257 adolescent (11-19 years) participants were categorized into two groups according to their BMI; 48 nonobese (21 males: 43.7% and 27 females: 56.3%) with mean age of 15.61 ± 2.40 years and 209 obese (128 males: 61.25% and 81 females: 38.75%) with mean age of 15.02 ± 2.82 years. The mean BMI was 21.7 ± 2.23 kg/m(2) for the nonobese group and 34.47 ± 4.70 kg/m(3) for the obese group. Most BP measures based on a single screening were significantly higher in the obese group. The prevalence of elevated BP was significantly higher in the obese subjects (nonobese: 13%; obese: 63%; P < 0.0001). In the obese group, there was a significant positive correlation between total sample BMI and all BP measures except the pulse pressure. There was a similar rate of elevated blood pressure between males and females (64% versus 60%; P = 0.66). For both isolated systolic elevated BP and isolated diastolic elevated BP, the prevalences were comparable between the males (systolic: 42%; diastolic: 5%) and females (systolic: 34%; diastolic: 14%). Only systolic BP was positively correlated with BMI in obese adolescent males (Spearman r = 0.18; P < 0.05), with a significant correlation between BMI with diastolic (Spearman r = 0.22; P < 0.05) and mean BP (Spearman r = 0.21; P < 0.05) in females.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus