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Impact of ureteral length on urological complications and patient survival after kidney transplantation.

Ali-Asgari M, Dadkhah F, Ghadian A, Nourbala MH - Nephrourol Mon (2013)

Bottom Line: The complication rate was not significantly different between these groups (P = 0.67).We found that there were no significant difference among complication (P = 0.25), hospitalization (P = 0.31) and survival (P = 0.84) at 5.5 cm length cut off.The length of transplanted ureter does not affect the postoperative urologic complications (including urinary fistula and ureter-to-bladder anastomosis stricture), and it seems that decreased rate of complication frequency during the recent years is due to technical improvement, surgeon's skillfulness and development in use of immunosuppressant's postoperatively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Urology, Shaheed Modarres Hospital, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Urologic complications are of the most important complications after kidney transplantation which increases mortality and morbidity significantly.

Objectives: We designed this study to evaluate the association between ureteral length and postoperative complications.

Patients and methods: We recorded the length of the transplanted ureter during the operation. Ureter-to-bladder anastomosis was performed using modified Lich-Gregoir method on the ureteral stent. Complications like urine leakage and increased creatinine were evaluated. We used both univariate and multivariate analyses and survival analysis according lengths of ureter. It means that the main variable is ureteral length and other variables are studied based on it.

Result: A total of 395 patients with the mean age of 37 years (range, 18 to 68 years) were enrolled in the study, twenty six graft lost during the follow-up period. The Mean age of recipients was 37 ± 13 years. Urinary stenosis was seen in 6 patients (1.5%) and urinary leakage in 4 (1%) patients. The complication rate was not significantly different between these groups (P = 0.67). We found that there were no significant difference among complication (P = 0.25), hospitalization (P = 0.31) and survival (P = 0.84) at 5.5 cm length cut off.

Conclusions: The length of transplanted ureter does not affect the postoperative urologic complications (including urinary fistula and ureter-to-bladder anastomosis stricture), and it seems that decreased rate of complication frequency during the recent years is due to technical improvement, surgeon's skillfulness and development in use of immunosuppressant's postoperatively.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Box Plot of Hospitalization Difference Regarding Ureteral Length Less and More Than 9.5 cm
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fig5161: Box Plot of Hospitalization Difference Regarding Ureteral Length Less and More Than 9.5 cm

Mentions: We analyzed survival for graft, time of hospitalization and complication after surgery by means of this length. We found that there were no significant difference among complications (P = 0.25), hospitalization (P = 0.31) and survival (P = 0.84) at this cut off (Figures 2, 3 and 4).


Impact of ureteral length on urological complications and patient survival after kidney transplantation.

Ali-Asgari M, Dadkhah F, Ghadian A, Nourbala MH - Nephrourol Mon (2013)

Box Plot of Hospitalization Difference Regarding Ureteral Length Less and More Than 9.5 cm
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3842558&req=5

fig5161: Box Plot of Hospitalization Difference Regarding Ureteral Length Less and More Than 9.5 cm
Mentions: We analyzed survival for graft, time of hospitalization and complication after surgery by means of this length. We found that there were no significant difference among complications (P = 0.25), hospitalization (P = 0.31) and survival (P = 0.84) at this cut off (Figures 2, 3 and 4).

Bottom Line: The complication rate was not significantly different between these groups (P = 0.67).We found that there were no significant difference among complication (P = 0.25), hospitalization (P = 0.31) and survival (P = 0.84) at 5.5 cm length cut off.The length of transplanted ureter does not affect the postoperative urologic complications (including urinary fistula and ureter-to-bladder anastomosis stricture), and it seems that decreased rate of complication frequency during the recent years is due to technical improvement, surgeon's skillfulness and development in use of immunosuppressant's postoperatively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Urology, Shaheed Modarres Hospital, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Urologic complications are of the most important complications after kidney transplantation which increases mortality and morbidity significantly.

Objectives: We designed this study to evaluate the association between ureteral length and postoperative complications.

Patients and methods: We recorded the length of the transplanted ureter during the operation. Ureter-to-bladder anastomosis was performed using modified Lich-Gregoir method on the ureteral stent. Complications like urine leakage and increased creatinine were evaluated. We used both univariate and multivariate analyses and survival analysis according lengths of ureter. It means that the main variable is ureteral length and other variables are studied based on it.

Result: A total of 395 patients with the mean age of 37 years (range, 18 to 68 years) were enrolled in the study, twenty six graft lost during the follow-up period. The Mean age of recipients was 37 ± 13 years. Urinary stenosis was seen in 6 patients (1.5%) and urinary leakage in 4 (1%) patients. The complication rate was not significantly different between these groups (P = 0.67). We found that there were no significant difference among complication (P = 0.25), hospitalization (P = 0.31) and survival (P = 0.84) at 5.5 cm length cut off.

Conclusions: The length of transplanted ureter does not affect the postoperative urologic complications (including urinary fistula and ureter-to-bladder anastomosis stricture), and it seems that decreased rate of complication frequency during the recent years is due to technical improvement, surgeon's skillfulness and development in use of immunosuppressant's postoperatively.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus