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Propagation and introduction of Arnica montana L. into cultivation: a step to reduce the pressure on endangered and high-valued medicinal plant species.

Sugier D, Sugier P, Gawlik-Dziki U - ScientificWorldJournal (2013)

Bottom Line: The objective of this study was to describe the impact of different ways of plant propagation and introduction on the growth and reproduction mode of this species.The particular ways of arnica plant propagation and introduction determined all the intrinsic species traits and plant survival.Practical implications from the data presented here include the possibility of using the presented modes of arnica propagation and introduction in the short- and long-term perspective of arnica cultivation, which can give a possibility of better adjustment of raw material production.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Industrial and Medicinal Plants, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

ABSTRACT
Arnica montana (L.) is an endangered and endemic medicinal plant species in Europe. The pressure on natural sources of this plant is alleviated by a suitable use of arnica resources in the European region and introduction into cultivation. The objective of this study was to describe the impact of different ways of plant propagation and introduction on the growth and reproduction mode of this species. During the six consecutive years of the field experiment, the vegetative and reproductive traits were monitored, and survival time was assessed. The particular ways of arnica plant propagation and introduction determined all the intrinsic species traits and plant survival. The values of the characteristics studied indicated good acclimatization of the arnica ecotype to the climatic conditions of eastern Poland. Practical implications from the data presented here include the possibility of using the presented modes of arnica propagation and introduction in the short- and long-term perspective of arnica cultivation, which can give a possibility of better adjustment of raw material production.

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The total number of ramets per genet (TNR) in different ways of A. montana introduction into cultivation. The plants were introduced as clone seedlings (CS) and rosettes (RS) and by sowing (SS). Bars (means) followed by the different letters within the same study year differ significantly (Tukey-test, P < 0.05).
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fig2: The total number of ramets per genet (TNR) in different ways of A. montana introduction into cultivation. The plants were introduced as clone seedlings (CS) and rosettes (RS) and by sowing (SS). Bars (means) followed by the different letters within the same study year differ significantly (Tukey-test, P < 0.05).

Mentions: The total number of ramets per genet (TNR) differed significantly between the three different modes of plant establishment in each study year (Table 1, Figure 2). In the first full vegetation season (2007), plants introduced as CS formed 2–6 new offspring ramets (mean 5.4), and genets introduced as RS formed 3–8 new offspring ramets (mean 6.4). However, individuals grown from seeds produced 2–5 new offspring rosettes (mean 3.4). In the second year of observation, the CS genets had a higher TNR, while in the third year, the RS were characterised by a higher TNR. In the fourth, fifth, and sixth study years, the CS genets had a significant lower TNR per genet than those of the RS and SS; however, there was no significant difference between the RS and SS.


Propagation and introduction of Arnica montana L. into cultivation: a step to reduce the pressure on endangered and high-valued medicinal plant species.

Sugier D, Sugier P, Gawlik-Dziki U - ScientificWorldJournal (2013)

The total number of ramets per genet (TNR) in different ways of A. montana introduction into cultivation. The plants were introduced as clone seedlings (CS) and rosettes (RS) and by sowing (SS). Bars (means) followed by the different letters within the same study year differ significantly (Tukey-test, P < 0.05).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3824641&req=5

fig2: The total number of ramets per genet (TNR) in different ways of A. montana introduction into cultivation. The plants were introduced as clone seedlings (CS) and rosettes (RS) and by sowing (SS). Bars (means) followed by the different letters within the same study year differ significantly (Tukey-test, P < 0.05).
Mentions: The total number of ramets per genet (TNR) differed significantly between the three different modes of plant establishment in each study year (Table 1, Figure 2). In the first full vegetation season (2007), plants introduced as CS formed 2–6 new offspring ramets (mean 5.4), and genets introduced as RS formed 3–8 new offspring ramets (mean 6.4). However, individuals grown from seeds produced 2–5 new offspring rosettes (mean 3.4). In the second year of observation, the CS genets had a higher TNR, while in the third year, the RS were characterised by a higher TNR. In the fourth, fifth, and sixth study years, the CS genets had a significant lower TNR per genet than those of the RS and SS; however, there was no significant difference between the RS and SS.

Bottom Line: The objective of this study was to describe the impact of different ways of plant propagation and introduction on the growth and reproduction mode of this species.The particular ways of arnica plant propagation and introduction determined all the intrinsic species traits and plant survival.Practical implications from the data presented here include the possibility of using the presented modes of arnica propagation and introduction in the short- and long-term perspective of arnica cultivation, which can give a possibility of better adjustment of raw material production.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Industrial and Medicinal Plants, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

ABSTRACT
Arnica montana (L.) is an endangered and endemic medicinal plant species in Europe. The pressure on natural sources of this plant is alleviated by a suitable use of arnica resources in the European region and introduction into cultivation. The objective of this study was to describe the impact of different ways of plant propagation and introduction on the growth and reproduction mode of this species. During the six consecutive years of the field experiment, the vegetative and reproductive traits were monitored, and survival time was assessed. The particular ways of arnica plant propagation and introduction determined all the intrinsic species traits and plant survival. The values of the characteristics studied indicated good acclimatization of the arnica ecotype to the climatic conditions of eastern Poland. Practical implications from the data presented here include the possibility of using the presented modes of arnica propagation and introduction in the short- and long-term perspective of arnica cultivation, which can give a possibility of better adjustment of raw material production.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus