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Evaluation of the sustaining effects of Tai Chi Qigong in the sixth month in promoting psychosocial health in COPD patients: a single-blind, randomized controlled trial.

Chan AW, Lee A, Lee DT, Sit JW, Chair SY - ScientificWorldJournal (2013)

Bottom Line: To evaluate the sustaining effects of Tai Chi Qigong (TCQ) in improving the psychosocial health in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in the sixth month.Significant group-by-time interactions in quality of life (QOL) using St. George's respiratory questionnaire (P = 0.002) and the perceived social support from friends using multidimensional scale of perceived social support (P = 0.04) were noted.Improvements were observed in the TCQ group only.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the sustaining effects of Tai Chi Qigong (TCQ) in improving the psychosocial health in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in the sixth month.

Background: COPD affects both physical and emotional aspects of life. Measures to minimize patients' suffering need to be implemented.

Methods: 206 COPD patients were randomly assigned into three groups: TCQ group, exercise group, and control group. The TCQ group completed a three-month TCQ program, the exercise group practiced breathing and walking exercise, and the control group received usual care.

Results: Significant group-by-time interactions in quality of life (QOL) using St. George's respiratory questionnaire (P = 0.002) and the perceived social support from friends using multidimensional scale of perceived social support (P = 0.04) were noted. Improvements were observed in the TCQ group only.

Conclusions: TCQ has sustaining effects in improving psychosocial health; it is also a useful and appropriate exercise for COPD patients.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

CONSORT (2005) flowchart to track participants through randomized controlled trail. ITT: intention to-treat; PP: per protocol [39].
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: CONSORT (2005) flowchart to track participants through randomized controlled trail. ITT: intention to-treat; PP: per protocol [39].

Mentions: A total of 206 subjects participated in this study, among which 158 completed the study program at the third month. The attrition rate was 23.8%. A total of 128 subjects (TCQ group = 50, exercise group = 46, and control group = 32) received follow-up assessment in the sixth month (Figure 1). No statistically significant differences were observed in the demographic data among the three study groups, except for gender (Table 1). This finding was ascribed to the lesser number of females (9.2%) who participated in this study. The obvious difference in the number of male and female participants may be because of the fact that COPD is more common in men [26]. Therefore, the confounding effect of gender was controlled as a covariate in the data analyses.


Evaluation of the sustaining effects of Tai Chi Qigong in the sixth month in promoting psychosocial health in COPD patients: a single-blind, randomized controlled trial.

Chan AW, Lee A, Lee DT, Sit JW, Chair SY - ScientificWorldJournal (2013)

CONSORT (2005) flowchart to track participants through randomized controlled trail. ITT: intention to-treat; PP: per protocol [39].
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3824309&req=5

fig1: CONSORT (2005) flowchart to track participants through randomized controlled trail. ITT: intention to-treat; PP: per protocol [39].
Mentions: A total of 206 subjects participated in this study, among which 158 completed the study program at the third month. The attrition rate was 23.8%. A total of 128 subjects (TCQ group = 50, exercise group = 46, and control group = 32) received follow-up assessment in the sixth month (Figure 1). No statistically significant differences were observed in the demographic data among the three study groups, except for gender (Table 1). This finding was ascribed to the lesser number of females (9.2%) who participated in this study. The obvious difference in the number of male and female participants may be because of the fact that COPD is more common in men [26]. Therefore, the confounding effect of gender was controlled as a covariate in the data analyses.

Bottom Line: To evaluate the sustaining effects of Tai Chi Qigong (TCQ) in improving the psychosocial health in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in the sixth month.Significant group-by-time interactions in quality of life (QOL) using St. George's respiratory questionnaire (P = 0.002) and the perceived social support from friends using multidimensional scale of perceived social support (P = 0.04) were noted.Improvements were observed in the TCQ group only.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the sustaining effects of Tai Chi Qigong (TCQ) in improving the psychosocial health in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in the sixth month.

Background: COPD affects both physical and emotional aspects of life. Measures to minimize patients' suffering need to be implemented.

Methods: 206 COPD patients were randomly assigned into three groups: TCQ group, exercise group, and control group. The TCQ group completed a three-month TCQ program, the exercise group practiced breathing and walking exercise, and the control group received usual care.

Results: Significant group-by-time interactions in quality of life (QOL) using St. George's respiratory questionnaire (P = 0.002) and the perceived social support from friends using multidimensional scale of perceived social support (P = 0.04) were noted. Improvements were observed in the TCQ group only.

Conclusions: TCQ has sustaining effects in improving psychosocial health; it is also a useful and appropriate exercise for COPD patients.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus