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The impact of candle burning during All Saints' Day ceremonies on ambient alkyl-substituted benzene concentrations.

Olszowski T, Kłos A - Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (2013)

Bottom Line: The purpose of the study was to estimate BTEXS emissions caused by the candle burning and, equally important to examine, whether emissions generated by the tested sources were similar to the BTEXS emissions generated by road transport.During the festive period, significant increases in benzene concentrations, by 200 % and 144 %, were noted at the cemeteries in Opole and Grodków, as well as in toluene, by 366 % and 342 %, respectively.Styrene concentrations also increased.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Thermal Engineering and Industrial Facilities, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, Mikołajczyka 5, 45-271, Opole, Poland, t.olszowski@po.opole.pl.

ABSTRACT
Research findings concerning benzene, toluene, ethylobenzene, meta-, para- and ortho-xylene as well as styrene (BTEXS) emission at public cemeteries during All Saints' Day are presented here. Tests were carried out at town-located cemeteries in Opole and Grodków (southern Poland) and, as a benchmark, at the centres of those same towns. The purpose of the study was to estimate BTEXS emissions caused by the candle burning and, equally important to examine, whether emissions generated by the tested sources were similar to the BTEXS emissions generated by road transport. During the festive period, significant increases in benzene concentrations, by 200 % and 144 %, were noted at the cemeteries in Opole and Grodków, as well as in toluene, by 366 % and 342 %, respectively. Styrene concentrations also increased. It was demonstrated that the ratio of toluene to benzene concentrations from emissions caused by the burning candles are comparable to the ratio established for transportation emissions.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Map of measuring site locations
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Fig1: Map of measuring site locations

Mentions: The tests were carried out at the municipal cemetery in Opole, the capital of Opole District (126,000 inhabitants) and in Grodków (9,000 inhabitants) as well as in the city centres, for the sake of comparison, in order to estimate the contribution of each city’s emissions to the level of emission at the cemeteries. The cemetery in Opole is located near the western administrative border of the city, 3 km from the city centre. Within an area of 0.3 km2 over 43,000 graves are located. The cemetery in Grodków is located 0.5 km from the town centre; it includes 1,200 graves and occupies an area of 0.01 km2. The locations of the spots where tests were carried out are presented in Fig. 1.Fig. 1


The impact of candle burning during All Saints' Day ceremonies on ambient alkyl-substituted benzene concentrations.

Olszowski T, Kłos A - Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (2013)

Map of measuring site locations
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3824304&req=5

Fig1: Map of measuring site locations
Mentions: The tests were carried out at the municipal cemetery in Opole, the capital of Opole District (126,000 inhabitants) and in Grodków (9,000 inhabitants) as well as in the city centres, for the sake of comparison, in order to estimate the contribution of each city’s emissions to the level of emission at the cemeteries. The cemetery in Opole is located near the western administrative border of the city, 3 km from the city centre. Within an area of 0.3 km2 over 43,000 graves are located. The cemetery in Grodków is located 0.5 km from the town centre; it includes 1,200 graves and occupies an area of 0.01 km2. The locations of the spots where tests were carried out are presented in Fig. 1.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: The purpose of the study was to estimate BTEXS emissions caused by the candle burning and, equally important to examine, whether emissions generated by the tested sources were similar to the BTEXS emissions generated by road transport.During the festive period, significant increases in benzene concentrations, by 200 % and 144 %, were noted at the cemeteries in Opole and Grodków, as well as in toluene, by 366 % and 342 %, respectively.Styrene concentrations also increased.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Thermal Engineering and Industrial Facilities, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, Mikołajczyka 5, 45-271, Opole, Poland, t.olszowski@po.opole.pl.

ABSTRACT
Research findings concerning benzene, toluene, ethylobenzene, meta-, para- and ortho-xylene as well as styrene (BTEXS) emission at public cemeteries during All Saints' Day are presented here. Tests were carried out at town-located cemeteries in Opole and Grodków (southern Poland) and, as a benchmark, at the centres of those same towns. The purpose of the study was to estimate BTEXS emissions caused by the candle burning and, equally important to examine, whether emissions generated by the tested sources were similar to the BTEXS emissions generated by road transport. During the festive period, significant increases in benzene concentrations, by 200 % and 144 %, were noted at the cemeteries in Opole and Grodków, as well as in toluene, by 366 % and 342 %, respectively. Styrene concentrations also increased. It was demonstrated that the ratio of toluene to benzene concentrations from emissions caused by the burning candles are comparable to the ratio established for transportation emissions.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus