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Hydrological response to climate change for Gilgel Abay River, in the Lake Tana Basin -Upper Blue Nile Basin of Ethiopia.

Dile YT, Berndtsson R, Setegn SG - PLoS ONE (2013)

Bottom Line: Climate change appears to have negligible effect on low flow conditions of the river.Overall, it appears that climate change will result in an annual increase in flow volume for the Gilgel Abay River.Moreover, it will help harnessing a significant amount of water for ongoing dam projects in the Gilgel Abay River Basin.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden ; Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

ABSTRACT
Climate change is likely to have severe effects on water availability in Ethiopia. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of climate change on the Gilgel Abay River, Upper Blue Nile Basin. The Statistical Downscaling Tool (SDSM) was used to downscale the HadCM3 (Hadley centre Climate Model 3) Global Circulation Model (GCM) scenario data into finer scale resolution. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was set up, calibrated, and validated. SDSM downscaled climate outputs were used as an input to the SWAT model. The climate projection analysis was done by dividing the period 2010-2100 into three time windows with each 30 years of data. The period 1990-2001 was taken as the baseline period against which comparison was made. Results showed that annual mean precipitation may decrease in the first 30-year period but increase in the following two 30-year periods. The decrease in mean monthly precipitation may be as much as about -30% during 2010-2040 but the increase may be more than +30% in 2070-2100. The impact of climate change may cause a decrease in mean monthly flow volume between -40% to -50% during 2010-2040 but may increase by more than the double during 2070-2100. Climate change appears to have negligible effect on low flow conditions of the river. Seasonal mean flow volume, however, may increase by more than the double and +30% to +40% for the Belg (small rainy season) and Kiremit (main rainy season) periods, respectively. Overall, it appears that climate change will result in an annual increase in flow volume for the Gilgel Abay River. The increase in flow is likely to have considerable importance for local small scale irrigation activities. Moreover, it will help harnessing a significant amount of water for ongoing dam projects in the Gilgel Abay River Basin.

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Change in monthly, seasonal and annual mean maximum temperature for the period 2010-2099 as compared to the baseline period (1990-2001) at Dangila station.a) A2a scenario and b) B2a scenario. Bega season = October–January, Belg season = February–May, and Kiremit season = June–September.
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pone-0079296-g005: Change in monthly, seasonal and annual mean maximum temperature for the period 2010-2099 as compared to the baseline period (1990-2001) at Dangila station.a) A2a scenario and b) B2a scenario. Bega season = October–January, Belg season = February–May, and Kiremit season = June–September.

Mentions: The maximum temperature scenario showed that there may be an increase in mean monthly maximum temperature for all months except for April, May, and June for the 2020s and 2050s (Figure 5). However, mean monthly maximum temperature increased for all months in the 2080s (except for May in B2a scenario). The change in mean monthly maximum temperature ranged between -2.4 °C in May (2020s) and +5 °C in September (2080s) for the A2a scenario, and between -2.5 °C in May (2020s) and +4.3 °C in September (2080s) for the B2a scenario. Seasonally, a pronounced increase in mean maximum temperature is indicated during the Bega (dry season = October–January) and Kiremit. The mean monthly, seasonal, and annual change in daily maximum temperature from the baseline period data are shown in Figure 5.


Hydrological response to climate change for Gilgel Abay River, in the Lake Tana Basin -Upper Blue Nile Basin of Ethiopia.

Dile YT, Berndtsson R, Setegn SG - PLoS ONE (2013)

Change in monthly, seasonal and annual mean maximum temperature for the period 2010-2099 as compared to the baseline period (1990-2001) at Dangila station.a) A2a scenario and b) B2a scenario. Bega season = October–January, Belg season = February–May, and Kiremit season = June–September.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3824061&req=5

pone-0079296-g005: Change in monthly, seasonal and annual mean maximum temperature for the period 2010-2099 as compared to the baseline period (1990-2001) at Dangila station.a) A2a scenario and b) B2a scenario. Bega season = October–January, Belg season = February–May, and Kiremit season = June–September.
Mentions: The maximum temperature scenario showed that there may be an increase in mean monthly maximum temperature for all months except for April, May, and June for the 2020s and 2050s (Figure 5). However, mean monthly maximum temperature increased for all months in the 2080s (except for May in B2a scenario). The change in mean monthly maximum temperature ranged between -2.4 °C in May (2020s) and +5 °C in September (2080s) for the A2a scenario, and between -2.5 °C in May (2020s) and +4.3 °C in September (2080s) for the B2a scenario. Seasonally, a pronounced increase in mean maximum temperature is indicated during the Bega (dry season = October–January) and Kiremit. The mean monthly, seasonal, and annual change in daily maximum temperature from the baseline period data are shown in Figure 5.

Bottom Line: Climate change appears to have negligible effect on low flow conditions of the river.Overall, it appears that climate change will result in an annual increase in flow volume for the Gilgel Abay River.Moreover, it will help harnessing a significant amount of water for ongoing dam projects in the Gilgel Abay River Basin.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden ; Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

ABSTRACT
Climate change is likely to have severe effects on water availability in Ethiopia. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of climate change on the Gilgel Abay River, Upper Blue Nile Basin. The Statistical Downscaling Tool (SDSM) was used to downscale the HadCM3 (Hadley centre Climate Model 3) Global Circulation Model (GCM) scenario data into finer scale resolution. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was set up, calibrated, and validated. SDSM downscaled climate outputs were used as an input to the SWAT model. The climate projection analysis was done by dividing the period 2010-2100 into three time windows with each 30 years of data. The period 1990-2001 was taken as the baseline period against which comparison was made. Results showed that annual mean precipitation may decrease in the first 30-year period but increase in the following two 30-year periods. The decrease in mean monthly precipitation may be as much as about -30% during 2010-2040 but the increase may be more than +30% in 2070-2100. The impact of climate change may cause a decrease in mean monthly flow volume between -40% to -50% during 2010-2040 but may increase by more than the double during 2070-2100. Climate change appears to have negligible effect on low flow conditions of the river. Seasonal mean flow volume, however, may increase by more than the double and +30% to +40% for the Belg (small rainy season) and Kiremit (main rainy season) periods, respectively. Overall, it appears that climate change will result in an annual increase in flow volume for the Gilgel Abay River. The increase in flow is likely to have considerable importance for local small scale irrigation activities. Moreover, it will help harnessing a significant amount of water for ongoing dam projects in the Gilgel Abay River Basin.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus