Crosstalk between hydrogen sulfide and nitric oxide in endothelial cells.
Bottom Line: Their interaction at different levels would have a profound impact on angiogenesis.Blockade of NO production by eNOS-specific siRNA or nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) reversed, but eNOS overexpression potentiated, the proliferative effect of H2 S on ECs.Our results suggest that H2 S stimulates the phosphorylation of eNOS through a p38 MAPK and Akt-dependent pathway, thus increasing NO production in ECs and vascular tissues and contributing to H2 S-induced angiogenesis.
Affiliation: Department of Biology, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.Show MeSH
Mentions: NaHS significantly induced EC proliferation (Fig. 6A). To show the effect of endogenously produced H2S, CSE knockdown with a siRNA approach attenuated cell proliferation. The knockdown of CSE significantly attenuated the proliferation of EC by about 25% compared with the control group (Fig. 6B). We also found that CSE knockdown significantly decreased, but NaHS induced a similar and comparable increase, in the proliferation of primarily cultured mouse ECs (Figure S2). The CSE overexpression stimulated EC proliferation (Fig. 6B). Next, we study the effect of NO on proliferation. The overexpression of eNOS stimulated cell proliferation, which was strengthened by NaHS treatment (Fig. 6C and D).
Affiliation: Department of Biology, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.