Limits...
Food & nutrition security: challenges in the new millennium.

Ramachandran P - Indian J. Med. Res. (2013)

Bottom Line: India fares poorly when underweight in under five children is used as an indicator for food insecurity with rates comparable to that of Subsaharan Africa.The nineties witnessed the emergence of dual nutrition burden with persistent inadequate dietary intake and undernutrition on one side and low physical activity / food intake above requirements and overnutrition on the other side.As both under- and overnutrition are associated with health hazards, perhaps time has come for use of normal BMI as an indicator for food security.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Nutrition Foundation of India, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT
The World Food Summit in 1996 provided a comprehensive definition for food security which brings into focus the linkage between food, nutrition and health. India has been self sufficient in food production since seventies and low household hunger rates. India compares well with developing countries with similar health profile in terms of infant mortality rate (IMR) and under five mortality rate (U5 MR). India fares poorly when underweight in under five children is used as an indicator for food insecurity with rates comparable to that of Subsaharan Africa. If wasting [low body mass index (BMI) for age in children and low BMI in adults] which is closely related to adequacy of current food intake is used as an indictor for the assessment of household food security, India fares better. The nineties witnessed the emergence of dual nutrition burden with persistent inadequate dietary intake and undernutrition on one side and low physical activity / food intake above requirements and overnutrition on the other side. Body size and physical activity levels are two major determinants of human nutrient requirements. The revised recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for Indians takes cognisance of the current body weight and physical activity while computing the energy and nutrient requirements. As both under- and overnutrition are associated with health hazards, perhaps time has come for use of normal BMI as an indicator for food security.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Government initiatives to achieve requisite food production
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3818606&req=5

Figure 1: Government initiatives to achieve requisite food production

Mentions: Due to the multisectoral initiatives taken during the green revolution (Box), India achieved self sufficiency in food production to meet the needs of the growing population, and built up adequate buffer stocks within a decade2. In retrospect the green revolution can be termed as successful mission mode (self sufficiency in food production), public (initiatives by government) private (land was farmer's private property) partnership to achieve self-sufficiency in food grain production. It remains to be one of the best examples of what could be achieved if agriculture scientists, economists and nutrition scientists pull together.


Food & nutrition security: challenges in the new millennium.

Ramachandran P - Indian J. Med. Res. (2013)

Government initiatives to achieve requisite food production
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3818606&req=5

Figure 1: Government initiatives to achieve requisite food production
Mentions: Due to the multisectoral initiatives taken during the green revolution (Box), India achieved self sufficiency in food production to meet the needs of the growing population, and built up adequate buffer stocks within a decade2. In retrospect the green revolution can be termed as successful mission mode (self sufficiency in food production), public (initiatives by government) private (land was farmer's private property) partnership to achieve self-sufficiency in food grain production. It remains to be one of the best examples of what could be achieved if agriculture scientists, economists and nutrition scientists pull together.

Bottom Line: India fares poorly when underweight in under five children is used as an indicator for food insecurity with rates comparable to that of Subsaharan Africa.The nineties witnessed the emergence of dual nutrition burden with persistent inadequate dietary intake and undernutrition on one side and low physical activity / food intake above requirements and overnutrition on the other side.As both under- and overnutrition are associated with health hazards, perhaps time has come for use of normal BMI as an indicator for food security.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Nutrition Foundation of India, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT
The World Food Summit in 1996 provided a comprehensive definition for food security which brings into focus the linkage between food, nutrition and health. India has been self sufficient in food production since seventies and low household hunger rates. India compares well with developing countries with similar health profile in terms of infant mortality rate (IMR) and under five mortality rate (U5 MR). India fares poorly when underweight in under five children is used as an indicator for food insecurity with rates comparable to that of Subsaharan Africa. If wasting [low body mass index (BMI) for age in children and low BMI in adults] which is closely related to adequacy of current food intake is used as an indictor for the assessment of household food security, India fares better. The nineties witnessed the emergence of dual nutrition burden with persistent inadequate dietary intake and undernutrition on one side and low physical activity / food intake above requirements and overnutrition on the other side. Body size and physical activity levels are two major determinants of human nutrient requirements. The revised recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for Indians takes cognisance of the current body weight and physical activity while computing the energy and nutrient requirements. As both under- and overnutrition are associated with health hazards, perhaps time has come for use of normal BMI as an indicator for food security.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus