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The history of neurosurgery in Bolivia and pediatric neurosurgery in Santa Cruz de la Sierra.

Dabdoub CF, Dabdoub CB - Surg Neurol Int (2013)

Bottom Line: Neurosurgical development in Bolivia has its origins in the late 19(th) century and can be divided in two stages.Nowadays, our national society has 74 members.It is affiliated with the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies and the Latin American Federation of Neurosurgical Societies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Neurosurgery, Japanese University Hospital, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

ABSTRACT
The practice of neurosurgery in Bolivia began thousands of years ago with skull trepanation. This procedure dates from the earliest period of the Tiwanaku culture, a preInca civilization. Neurosurgical development in Bolivia has its origins in the late 19(th) century and can be divided in two stages. At the beginning, before the advent of neurosurgery as a discipline, some general surgeons performed procedures on the skull and brain. Formal neurosurgery in Bolivia was developed with the arrival of neurosurgeons trained in the United States and some countries of South America. The Bolivian Neurosurgical Society was created in 1975. Nowadays, our national society has 74 members. It is affiliated with the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies and the Latin American Federation of Neurosurgical Societies. Presently, neurosurgery in Bolivia is similar to that seen in developed countries. In this sense, government programs should dedicate more financial support to establish specialized healthcare centers where the management of complex central nervous system lesions could be offered. In contrast, we believe that encouraging the local training of young neurosurgeons is one of the most important factors in the development of neurosurgery in Bolivia or any other country.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The Kalasasaya and the lower temples at Tiwanaku. The Ponce Monolith is shown aligned with the Kalasasaya main door. At equinoxes, the sun shines into the monolith
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Figure 2: The Kalasasaya and the lower temples at Tiwanaku. The Ponce Monolith is shown aligned with the Kalasasaya main door. At equinoxes, the sun shines into the monolith

Mentions: The practice of neurosurgery in Bolivia began thousands of years ago with skull trepanation–one of the oldest neurosurgical procedures–which was learned in its western area. This technique dates from the earliest period of the culture and civilization of Tiwanaku, or Tiahuanaco, a preInca civilization located in Bolivia. Most archaeologists considered Tiwanaku as one of the key sites that led to the development of the Inca Empire. It was located in the highlands, approximately 3850 meters (12,600 feet) near Lake Titicaca bordering Peru [Figure 1]. This civilization began in approximately 1500 BC, becoming a center city, with a population estimated at 40,000 inhabitants, reaching its peak in 900 AD. Arthur Posnansky (1873-1946) argued that Tiwanaku was more than 15,000 years old and suggested that the Kalasasaya enclosure functioned as an astronomical observatory,[19] a thesis that is now widely accepted [Figure 2].


The history of neurosurgery in Bolivia and pediatric neurosurgery in Santa Cruz de la Sierra.

Dabdoub CF, Dabdoub CB - Surg Neurol Int (2013)

The Kalasasaya and the lower temples at Tiwanaku. The Ponce Monolith is shown aligned with the Kalasasaya main door. At equinoxes, the sun shines into the monolith
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3815021&req=5

Figure 2: The Kalasasaya and the lower temples at Tiwanaku. The Ponce Monolith is shown aligned with the Kalasasaya main door. At equinoxes, the sun shines into the monolith
Mentions: The practice of neurosurgery in Bolivia began thousands of years ago with skull trepanation–one of the oldest neurosurgical procedures–which was learned in its western area. This technique dates from the earliest period of the culture and civilization of Tiwanaku, or Tiahuanaco, a preInca civilization located in Bolivia. Most archaeologists considered Tiwanaku as one of the key sites that led to the development of the Inca Empire. It was located in the highlands, approximately 3850 meters (12,600 feet) near Lake Titicaca bordering Peru [Figure 1]. This civilization began in approximately 1500 BC, becoming a center city, with a population estimated at 40,000 inhabitants, reaching its peak in 900 AD. Arthur Posnansky (1873-1946) argued that Tiwanaku was more than 15,000 years old and suggested that the Kalasasaya enclosure functioned as an astronomical observatory,[19] a thesis that is now widely accepted [Figure 2].

Bottom Line: Neurosurgical development in Bolivia has its origins in the late 19(th) century and can be divided in two stages.Nowadays, our national society has 74 members.It is affiliated with the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies and the Latin American Federation of Neurosurgical Societies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Neurosurgery, Japanese University Hospital, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

ABSTRACT
The practice of neurosurgery in Bolivia began thousands of years ago with skull trepanation. This procedure dates from the earliest period of the Tiwanaku culture, a preInca civilization. Neurosurgical development in Bolivia has its origins in the late 19(th) century and can be divided in two stages. At the beginning, before the advent of neurosurgery as a discipline, some general surgeons performed procedures on the skull and brain. Formal neurosurgery in Bolivia was developed with the arrival of neurosurgeons trained in the United States and some countries of South America. The Bolivian Neurosurgical Society was created in 1975. Nowadays, our national society has 74 members. It is affiliated with the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies and the Latin American Federation of Neurosurgical Societies. Presently, neurosurgery in Bolivia is similar to that seen in developed countries. In this sense, government programs should dedicate more financial support to establish specialized healthcare centers where the management of complex central nervous system lesions could be offered. In contrast, we believe that encouraging the local training of young neurosurgeons is one of the most important factors in the development of neurosurgery in Bolivia or any other country.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus