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Comparative assessment of the physico-chemical and bacteriological qualities of selected streams in Louisiana.

Hill DD, Owens WE, Tchounwou PB - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2005)

Bottom Line: The objective of this research was to compare the chemical/physical parameters and bacterial qualities of selected surface water streams in Louisiana, including a natural stream (control) and an animal waste related stream.Fecal coliforms isolated from these samples were identified to the species level.Chemical analysis was performed following standard test protocols (LaMotte 2002).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Molecular Toxicology Research Laboratory, NIH-Center for Environmental Health, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Jackson State University, 1400 Lynch Street, P.O. Box 18540, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.

ABSTRACT
The objective of this research was to compare the chemical/physical parameters and bacterial qualities of selected surface water streams in Louisiana, including a natural stream (control) and an animal waste related stream. Samples were collected and analyzed for fecal coliforms. Fecal coliforms isolated from these samples were identified to the species level. Chemical analysis was performed following standard test protocols (LaMotte 2002). An analysis of biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total organic carbon (TOC), total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity, pH, temperature, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, iron, copper, phosphate, potassium, sulfate, turbidity, zinc and bacterial levels was performed following standard test protocols as presented in Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater [9]. Results of the comparisons of the various surface water streams showed that phosphate levels, according to Mitchell and Stapp, were considered good for Lake Claiborne (control) and Bayou Dorcheat. The levels were found to be .001 mg/L and .007 mg/L respectively. Other streams associated with animal waste, had higher phosphate levels of 2.07 mg/L and 2.78 mg/L, respectively. Conductivity and total dissolved solids (TDS) levels were the lowest in Lake Claiborne and highest in the Hill Farm Research Station stream. It can be concluded from the data that some bacterial levels and various nutrient levels can be affected in water resources due to non-point source pollution. Many of these levels will remain unaffected.

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Mean (n=15) values of phosphate (ppm) levels at each sampling site.
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f9-ijerph-02-00094: Mean (n=15) values of phosphate (ppm) levels at each sampling site.

Mentions: The chemical parameters such as phosphate and sulfate were checked and it was noted that Lake Claiborne also had the lowest phosphate level of all the sample sites. The phosphate level was observed at 0.001 ± .003ppm for Lake Claiborne while Bayou Dorcheat had a measurement of .007 ± .004ppm. Hill Farm and Ray Pond had phosphate levels of 2.07±1.2ppm and 2.780 ± 0.770ppm, respectively. Figure 9 shows the mean values (n=15) of phosphate while figure 10 shows those of sulfate. The sulfate levels detected for Lake Claiborne were found to be the lowest value among all of the sampling sites of 5.67 ± 0.00ppm. Hill Farm was found to have the highest sulfate level at 6.20± 1.70 ppm. Bayou Dorcheat and Ray Pond had sulfate levels of 5.73 ± .70ppm and 5.93 ± 0.90ppm respectively.


Comparative assessment of the physico-chemical and bacteriological qualities of selected streams in Louisiana.

Hill DD, Owens WE, Tchounwou PB - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2005)

Mean (n=15) values of phosphate (ppm) levels at each sampling site.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3814702&req=5

f9-ijerph-02-00094: Mean (n=15) values of phosphate (ppm) levels at each sampling site.
Mentions: The chemical parameters such as phosphate and sulfate were checked and it was noted that Lake Claiborne also had the lowest phosphate level of all the sample sites. The phosphate level was observed at 0.001 ± .003ppm for Lake Claiborne while Bayou Dorcheat had a measurement of .007 ± .004ppm. Hill Farm and Ray Pond had phosphate levels of 2.07±1.2ppm and 2.780 ± 0.770ppm, respectively. Figure 9 shows the mean values (n=15) of phosphate while figure 10 shows those of sulfate. The sulfate levels detected for Lake Claiborne were found to be the lowest value among all of the sampling sites of 5.67 ± 0.00ppm. Hill Farm was found to have the highest sulfate level at 6.20± 1.70 ppm. Bayou Dorcheat and Ray Pond had sulfate levels of 5.73 ± .70ppm and 5.93 ± 0.90ppm respectively.

Bottom Line: The objective of this research was to compare the chemical/physical parameters and bacterial qualities of selected surface water streams in Louisiana, including a natural stream (control) and an animal waste related stream.Fecal coliforms isolated from these samples were identified to the species level.Chemical analysis was performed following standard test protocols (LaMotte 2002).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Molecular Toxicology Research Laboratory, NIH-Center for Environmental Health, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Jackson State University, 1400 Lynch Street, P.O. Box 18540, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.

ABSTRACT
The objective of this research was to compare the chemical/physical parameters and bacterial qualities of selected surface water streams in Louisiana, including a natural stream (control) and an animal waste related stream. Samples were collected and analyzed for fecal coliforms. Fecal coliforms isolated from these samples were identified to the species level. Chemical analysis was performed following standard test protocols (LaMotte 2002). An analysis of biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total organic carbon (TOC), total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity, pH, temperature, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, iron, copper, phosphate, potassium, sulfate, turbidity, zinc and bacterial levels was performed following standard test protocols as presented in Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater [9]. Results of the comparisons of the various surface water streams showed that phosphate levels, according to Mitchell and Stapp, were considered good for Lake Claiborne (control) and Bayou Dorcheat. The levels were found to be .001 mg/L and .007 mg/L respectively. Other streams associated with animal waste, had higher phosphate levels of 2.07 mg/L and 2.78 mg/L, respectively. Conductivity and total dissolved solids (TDS) levels were the lowest in Lake Claiborne and highest in the Hill Farm Research Station stream. It can be concluded from the data that some bacterial levels and various nutrient levels can be affected in water resources due to non-point source pollution. Many of these levels will remain unaffected.

Show MeSH