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The magnitude of loss to follow-up of HIV-exposed infants along the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission continuum of care: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sibanda EL, Weller IV, Hakim JG, Cowan FM - AIDS (2013)

Bottom Line: Programs that actively tracked defaulters had better retention outcomes.There is unacceptable infant LTFU from PMTCT programs.Countries should incorporate defaulter-tracking as standard to improve retention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: aCentre for Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Research (CeSHHAR Zimbabwe), Harare, Zimbabwe bUniversity College London Centre for Sexual Health & HIV Research, London, UK cDepartment of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Although prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programs are widely implemented, many children do not benefit from them because of loss to follow-up (LTFU). We conducted a systematic review to determine the magnitude of infant/baby LTFU along the PMTCT cascade.

Methods: Eligible publications reported infant LTFU outcomes from standard care PMTCT programs (not intervention studies) at any stage of the cascade. Literature searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Web of Knowledge, CINAHL Plus, and Maternity and Infant Care. Extracted data included setting, methods of follow-up, PMTCT regimens, and proportion and timing of LTFU. For programs in sub-Saharan Africa, random-effects meta-analysis was done using Stata v10. Because of heterogeneity, predictive intervals (PrIs; approximate 95% confidence intervals of a future study based on extent of observed heterogeneity) were computed.

Results: A total of 826 papers were identified; 25 publications were eligible. Studies were published from 2001 to 2012 and were mostly from sub-Saharan Africa (three were from India, one from UK and one from Ireland). There was extensive heterogeneity in findings. Eight studies reported on LTFU of pregnant HIV-positive women between antenatal care (ANC) registration and delivery, which ranged from 10.9 to 68.1%, pooled proportion 49.08% [95% confidence interval (CI) 39.6-60.9%], and PrI 22.0-100%. Fourteen studies reported LTFU of infants within 3 months of delivery, range 4.8-75%, pooled proportion 33.9% (27.6-41.5), and PrI 15.4-74.2. Children were also lost after HIV testing; this was reported in five studies, pooled estimate 45.5% (35.9-57.6), PrI 18.7-100%. Programs that actively tracked defaulters had better retention outcomes.

Conclusion: There is unacceptable infant LTFU from PMTCT programs. Countries should incorporate defaulter-tracking as standard to improve retention.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Literature search results and selection of eligible papers.
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Figure 1: Literature search results and selection of eligible papers.

Mentions: A total of 826 papers from database and reference/citation lists were reviewed (Fig. 1a). Eighteen eligible papers were identified from database searches, and an additional seven were identified after reviewing reference and citation lists, bringing the total of eligible papers from which data were extracted to 25, (Fig. 1b).


The magnitude of loss to follow-up of HIV-exposed infants along the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission continuum of care: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sibanda EL, Weller IV, Hakim JG, Cowan FM - AIDS (2013)

Literature search results and selection of eligible papers.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3814628&req=5

Figure 1: Literature search results and selection of eligible papers.
Mentions: A total of 826 papers from database and reference/citation lists were reviewed (Fig. 1a). Eighteen eligible papers were identified from database searches, and an additional seven were identified after reviewing reference and citation lists, bringing the total of eligible papers from which data were extracted to 25, (Fig. 1b).

Bottom Line: Programs that actively tracked defaulters had better retention outcomes.There is unacceptable infant LTFU from PMTCT programs.Countries should incorporate defaulter-tracking as standard to improve retention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: aCentre for Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Research (CeSHHAR Zimbabwe), Harare, Zimbabwe bUniversity College London Centre for Sexual Health & HIV Research, London, UK cDepartment of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Although prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programs are widely implemented, many children do not benefit from them because of loss to follow-up (LTFU). We conducted a systematic review to determine the magnitude of infant/baby LTFU along the PMTCT cascade.

Methods: Eligible publications reported infant LTFU outcomes from standard care PMTCT programs (not intervention studies) at any stage of the cascade. Literature searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Web of Knowledge, CINAHL Plus, and Maternity and Infant Care. Extracted data included setting, methods of follow-up, PMTCT regimens, and proportion and timing of LTFU. For programs in sub-Saharan Africa, random-effects meta-analysis was done using Stata v10. Because of heterogeneity, predictive intervals (PrIs; approximate 95% confidence intervals of a future study based on extent of observed heterogeneity) were computed.

Results: A total of 826 papers were identified; 25 publications were eligible. Studies were published from 2001 to 2012 and were mostly from sub-Saharan Africa (three were from India, one from UK and one from Ireland). There was extensive heterogeneity in findings. Eight studies reported on LTFU of pregnant HIV-positive women between antenatal care (ANC) registration and delivery, which ranged from 10.9 to 68.1%, pooled proportion 49.08% [95% confidence interval (CI) 39.6-60.9%], and PrI 22.0-100%. Fourteen studies reported LTFU of infants within 3 months of delivery, range 4.8-75%, pooled proportion 33.9% (27.6-41.5), and PrI 15.4-74.2. Children were also lost after HIV testing; this was reported in five studies, pooled estimate 45.5% (35.9-57.6), PrI 18.7-100%. Programs that actively tracked defaulters had better retention outcomes.

Conclusion: There is unacceptable infant LTFU from PMTCT programs. Countries should incorporate defaulter-tracking as standard to improve retention.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus