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Epidemiology of prostate cancer in the Asia-Pacific region.

Baade PD, Youlden DR, Cramb SM, Dunn J, Gardiner RA - Prostate Int (2013)

Bottom Line: Data on survival were obtained from country-specific published reports where available.Governments and health planners typically require quantitative evidence as a motivation for change.Enhancing knowledge transfer between countries where there are differentials in capacity, policy and experience may provide the necessary impetus and opportunity to overcome at least some of the existing barriers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cancer Council Queensland, Brisbane, Australia ; Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia ; School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this paper was to examine and compare available data on incidence, mortality and survival for countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Incidence data were obtained from GLOBOCAN 2008, other online data sources and individual cancer registries. Country-specific mortality statistics by individual year were sourced from the World Health Organization Statistical Information System Mortality Database. All incidence and mortality rates were directly age-standardised to the Segi World Standard population and joinpoint models were used to assess trends. Data on survival were obtained from country-specific published reports where available. Approximately 14% (122,000) of all prostate cancers diagnosed worldwide in 2008 were within the Asia-Pacific region (10 per 100,000 population), with three out of every four of these prostate cancer cases diagnosed in either Japan (32%), China (28%) or Australia (15%). There were also about 42,000 deaths due to prostate cancer in the Asia-Pacific region (3 per 100,000). For the nine countries with incidence trend data available, eight showed recent significant increases in prostate cancer incidence. In contrast, recent decreases in prostate cancer mortality have been reported for Australia, Japan and New Zealand, but mortality has increased in several other countries. The lack of population-based data across most of the countries in this region limits the ability of researchers to understand and report on the patterns and distribution of this important cancer. Governments and health planners typically require quantitative evidence as a motivation for change. Unless there is a widespread commitment to improve the collection and reporting of data on prostate cancer it is likely that the burden of prostate cancer will continue to increase. Enhancing knowledge transfer between countries where there are differentials in capacity, policy and experience may provide the necessary impetus and opportunity to overcome at least some of the existing barriers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prostate cancer mortality rate trends by age for selected Asian-Pacific countries, 1980–2010. Y-axis is shown on a log scale and expressed per 100,000 males. Rates were age-standardised to the Segi World Standard Population [19]. Data from World Health Organization Mortality Database [16]. Population data for the Philippines and Thailand was obtained from the United Nations [8].
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f3-pi_1-2-47-01: Prostate cancer mortality rate trends by age for selected Asian-Pacific countries, 1980–2010. Y-axis is shown on a log scale and expressed per 100,000 males. Rates were age-standardised to the Segi World Standard Population [19]. Data from World Health Organization Mortality Database [16]. Population data for the Philippines and Thailand was obtained from the United Nations [8].

Mentions: There were recent, significant decreases in prostate cancer mortality of about 2% per year for males of all ages in Australia (1998 to 2006), Japan (2004 to 2010) and New Zealand (1995 to 2008) (Fig. 3, Table 3). In contrast, mortality rates have increased in other countries, by about 1% per year in Singapore (1980–2009) and South Korea (2002–2010), 2% per year in Hong Kong (1980–2009), to larger increases of 7% per year in the Philippines (1992–2008) and 17% per year in Thailand (1994–2006). Similar prostate cancer mortality patterns by country were found for men aged 50 to 79 years (Table 3).


Epidemiology of prostate cancer in the Asia-Pacific region.

Baade PD, Youlden DR, Cramb SM, Dunn J, Gardiner RA - Prostate Int (2013)

Prostate cancer mortality rate trends by age for selected Asian-Pacific countries, 1980–2010. Y-axis is shown on a log scale and expressed per 100,000 males. Rates were age-standardised to the Segi World Standard Population [19]. Data from World Health Organization Mortality Database [16]. Population data for the Philippines and Thailand was obtained from the United Nations [8].
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3814115&req=5

f3-pi_1-2-47-01: Prostate cancer mortality rate trends by age for selected Asian-Pacific countries, 1980–2010. Y-axis is shown on a log scale and expressed per 100,000 males. Rates were age-standardised to the Segi World Standard Population [19]. Data from World Health Organization Mortality Database [16]. Population data for the Philippines and Thailand was obtained from the United Nations [8].
Mentions: There were recent, significant decreases in prostate cancer mortality of about 2% per year for males of all ages in Australia (1998 to 2006), Japan (2004 to 2010) and New Zealand (1995 to 2008) (Fig. 3, Table 3). In contrast, mortality rates have increased in other countries, by about 1% per year in Singapore (1980–2009) and South Korea (2002–2010), 2% per year in Hong Kong (1980–2009), to larger increases of 7% per year in the Philippines (1992–2008) and 17% per year in Thailand (1994–2006). Similar prostate cancer mortality patterns by country were found for men aged 50 to 79 years (Table 3).

Bottom Line: Data on survival were obtained from country-specific published reports where available.Governments and health planners typically require quantitative evidence as a motivation for change.Enhancing knowledge transfer between countries where there are differentials in capacity, policy and experience may provide the necessary impetus and opportunity to overcome at least some of the existing barriers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cancer Council Queensland, Brisbane, Australia ; Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia ; School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this paper was to examine and compare available data on incidence, mortality and survival for countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Incidence data were obtained from GLOBOCAN 2008, other online data sources and individual cancer registries. Country-specific mortality statistics by individual year were sourced from the World Health Organization Statistical Information System Mortality Database. All incidence and mortality rates were directly age-standardised to the Segi World Standard population and joinpoint models were used to assess trends. Data on survival were obtained from country-specific published reports where available. Approximately 14% (122,000) of all prostate cancers diagnosed worldwide in 2008 were within the Asia-Pacific region (10 per 100,000 population), with three out of every four of these prostate cancer cases diagnosed in either Japan (32%), China (28%) or Australia (15%). There were also about 42,000 deaths due to prostate cancer in the Asia-Pacific region (3 per 100,000). For the nine countries with incidence trend data available, eight showed recent significant increases in prostate cancer incidence. In contrast, recent decreases in prostate cancer mortality have been reported for Australia, Japan and New Zealand, but mortality has increased in several other countries. The lack of population-based data across most of the countries in this region limits the ability of researchers to understand and report on the patterns and distribution of this important cancer. Governments and health planners typically require quantitative evidence as a motivation for change. Unless there is a widespread commitment to improve the collection and reporting of data on prostate cancer it is likely that the burden of prostate cancer will continue to increase. Enhancing knowledge transfer between countries where there are differentials in capacity, policy and experience may provide the necessary impetus and opportunity to overcome at least some of the existing barriers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus