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Epidemiology of prostate cancer in the Asia-Pacific region.

Baade PD, Youlden DR, Cramb SM, Dunn J, Gardiner RA - Prostate Int (2013)

Bottom Line: Data on survival were obtained from country-specific published reports where available.Governments and health planners typically require quantitative evidence as a motivation for change.Enhancing knowledge transfer between countries where there are differentials in capacity, policy and experience may provide the necessary impetus and opportunity to overcome at least some of the existing barriers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cancer Council Queensland, Brisbane, Australia ; Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia ; School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this paper was to examine and compare available data on incidence, mortality and survival for countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Incidence data were obtained from GLOBOCAN 2008, other online data sources and individual cancer registries. Country-specific mortality statistics by individual year were sourced from the World Health Organization Statistical Information System Mortality Database. All incidence and mortality rates were directly age-standardised to the Segi World Standard population and joinpoint models were used to assess trends. Data on survival were obtained from country-specific published reports where available. Approximately 14% (122,000) of all prostate cancers diagnosed worldwide in 2008 were within the Asia-Pacific region (10 per 100,000 population), with three out of every four of these prostate cancer cases diagnosed in either Japan (32%), China (28%) or Australia (15%). There were also about 42,000 deaths due to prostate cancer in the Asia-Pacific region (3 per 100,000). For the nine countries with incidence trend data available, eight showed recent significant increases in prostate cancer incidence. In contrast, recent decreases in prostate cancer mortality have been reported for Australia, Japan and New Zealand, but mortality has increased in several other countries. The lack of population-based data across most of the countries in this region limits the ability of researchers to understand and report on the patterns and distribution of this important cancer. Governments and health planners typically require quantitative evidence as a motivation for change. Unless there is a widespread commitment to improve the collection and reporting of data on prostate cancer it is likely that the burden of prostate cancer will continue to increase. Enhancing knowledge transfer between countries where there are differentials in capacity, policy and experience may provide the necessary impetus and opportunity to overcome at least some of the existing barriers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Age-specific incidence rates for prostate cancer, selected countries, 2003–2007. Data from: Australia, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [9]; Hong Kong, Hong Kong Cancer Registry [10]; Japan, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services [11]; New Zealand, Ministry of Health [14]; South Korea, Korea Central Cancer Registry [15].
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f1-pi_1-2-47-01: Age-specific incidence rates for prostate cancer, selected countries, 2003–2007. Data from: Australia, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [9]; Hong Kong, Hong Kong Cancer Registry [10]; Japan, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services [11]; New Zealand, Ministry of Health [14]; South Korea, Korea Central Cancer Registry [15].

Mentions: Prostate cancer incidence rates increased with age. In Australia and New Zealand, incidence rates rose sharply after 50 years of age, while in some Asian countries (Japan, Hong Kong, and South Korea) the increase was more pronounced after 60 years of age (Fig. 1).


Epidemiology of prostate cancer in the Asia-Pacific region.

Baade PD, Youlden DR, Cramb SM, Dunn J, Gardiner RA - Prostate Int (2013)

Age-specific incidence rates for prostate cancer, selected countries, 2003–2007. Data from: Australia, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [9]; Hong Kong, Hong Kong Cancer Registry [10]; Japan, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services [11]; New Zealand, Ministry of Health [14]; South Korea, Korea Central Cancer Registry [15].
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3814115&req=5

f1-pi_1-2-47-01: Age-specific incidence rates for prostate cancer, selected countries, 2003–2007. Data from: Australia, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [9]; Hong Kong, Hong Kong Cancer Registry [10]; Japan, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services [11]; New Zealand, Ministry of Health [14]; South Korea, Korea Central Cancer Registry [15].
Mentions: Prostate cancer incidence rates increased with age. In Australia and New Zealand, incidence rates rose sharply after 50 years of age, while in some Asian countries (Japan, Hong Kong, and South Korea) the increase was more pronounced after 60 years of age (Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: Data on survival were obtained from country-specific published reports where available.Governments and health planners typically require quantitative evidence as a motivation for change.Enhancing knowledge transfer between countries where there are differentials in capacity, policy and experience may provide the necessary impetus and opportunity to overcome at least some of the existing barriers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cancer Council Queensland, Brisbane, Australia ; Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia ; School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this paper was to examine and compare available data on incidence, mortality and survival for countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Incidence data were obtained from GLOBOCAN 2008, other online data sources and individual cancer registries. Country-specific mortality statistics by individual year were sourced from the World Health Organization Statistical Information System Mortality Database. All incidence and mortality rates were directly age-standardised to the Segi World Standard population and joinpoint models were used to assess trends. Data on survival were obtained from country-specific published reports where available. Approximately 14% (122,000) of all prostate cancers diagnosed worldwide in 2008 were within the Asia-Pacific region (10 per 100,000 population), with three out of every four of these prostate cancer cases diagnosed in either Japan (32%), China (28%) or Australia (15%). There were also about 42,000 deaths due to prostate cancer in the Asia-Pacific region (3 per 100,000). For the nine countries with incidence trend data available, eight showed recent significant increases in prostate cancer incidence. In contrast, recent decreases in prostate cancer mortality have been reported for Australia, Japan and New Zealand, but mortality has increased in several other countries. The lack of population-based data across most of the countries in this region limits the ability of researchers to understand and report on the patterns and distribution of this important cancer. Governments and health planners typically require quantitative evidence as a motivation for change. Unless there is a widespread commitment to improve the collection and reporting of data on prostate cancer it is likely that the burden of prostate cancer will continue to increase. Enhancing knowledge transfer between countries where there are differentials in capacity, policy and experience may provide the necessary impetus and opportunity to overcome at least some of the existing barriers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus