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The comparison of facial estethics between orthodontically treated patients and their parents.

Aksakalli S, Demir A - ScientificWorldJournal (2013)

Bottom Line: After the statistics, for pre- and posttreatment changes, all the groups except Class I revealed significant changes.There were significant correlations of patients for the heritability values and pretreatment esthetic in accordance with parents, but there were more correlations of fathers when compared to mothers.Because orthodontic treatments affect facial esthetics, performing similar studies for the treatment outcomes, capabilities, and borders is important.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Bezmialem Vakif University, Fatih, 34093 Istanbul, Turkey.

ABSTRACT
Orthodontists emphasize the importance of facial esthetics while planning a treatment, and orthodontist state that orthodontics have more than expected effects on dentofacial esthetics. The facial esthetics of treated patients and their parents was analyzed and compared to define facial growth and to use in forensic sciences. Our study was applied to 45 orthodontic patients who were treated in our clinic and their untreated parents. The patients were divided into Classes I, II, and III groups according to their malocclusions. Pre- and posttreatment changes, pretreatment facial esthetics of the paitents and its accordance with their parents, and the calculation of heritability tests were performed. After the statistics, for pre- and posttreatment changes, all the groups except Class I revealed significant changes. There were significant correlations of patients for the heritability values and pretreatment esthetic in accordance with parents, but there were more correlations of fathers when compared to mothers. The facial esthetics in adolescences is related with so many factors, not only related with one factor. The facial esthetics in fact includes the aim of evaluation of facial properties partly or totally. Because orthodontic treatments affect facial esthetics, performing similar studies for the treatment outcomes, capabilities, and borders is important.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Frontal soft tissue landmarks used in this study. Tr: trichion, N: nasion, Sn: subnasale, ExR: exocanthion right, ExL: exocanthion left, Alr: alare right, AlL: alare left, XR: the most right point according to bipupillary line, and XL: the most left point according to bipupillary line. Ratios used: Tr-N/Sn-Me, N-Sn/Sn-Me, Sn-St/St-Me, XR-XL/Tr-Me, Ex-Me/Ex-Tr, Al-Me/Ex-Al, Al-Me/Ch-Me, Ch-Me/Al-Ch, and ChR-ChL/AlR-AlL.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig2: Frontal soft tissue landmarks used in this study. Tr: trichion, N: nasion, Sn: subnasale, ExR: exocanthion right, ExL: exocanthion left, Alr: alare right, AlL: alare left, XR: the most right point according to bipupillary line, and XL: the most left point according to bipupillary line. Ratios used: Tr-N/Sn-Me, N-Sn/Sn-Me, Sn-St/St-Me, XR-XL/Tr-Me, Ex-Me/Ex-Tr, Al-Me/Ex-Al, Al-Me/Ch-Me, Ch-Me/Al-Ch, and ChR-ChL/AlR-AlL.

Mentions: All photographs were taken with an SLR camera (Nikon D80; Nikon Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and a telescopic lens (Micro-Nikkor 105 mm; Nikon Corporation). Frontal photographs were taken with the interpupillary plane parallel to the floor, with the teeth in centric occlusion and relaxed facial muscles. Profile photographs were taken with the Frankfort horizontal plane of the soft tissue parallel to the floor and the teeth in centric occlusion. Pretreatment photographs were analyzed using QuickCeph software (QuickCeph Systems, San Diego, CA, USA) by measuring 21 values. Soft tissue landmarks were identified on the profile and frontal aspects of each photograph. These are shown and defined in Figures 1 and 2. All measurements were performed by the same operator (S.A.). For consistency, all measurements were performed by the same operator 1 month later. Method error was assessed by using Dahlberg's method and the coefficient of reliability (Table 2) [18, 19].


The comparison of facial estethics between orthodontically treated patients and their parents.

Aksakalli S, Demir A - ScientificWorldJournal (2013)

Frontal soft tissue landmarks used in this study. Tr: trichion, N: nasion, Sn: subnasale, ExR: exocanthion right, ExL: exocanthion left, Alr: alare right, AlL: alare left, XR: the most right point according to bipupillary line, and XL: the most left point according to bipupillary line. Ratios used: Tr-N/Sn-Me, N-Sn/Sn-Me, Sn-St/St-Me, XR-XL/Tr-Me, Ex-Me/Ex-Tr, Al-Me/Ex-Al, Al-Me/Ch-Me, Ch-Me/Al-Ch, and ChR-ChL/AlR-AlL.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3814064&req=5

fig2: Frontal soft tissue landmarks used in this study. Tr: trichion, N: nasion, Sn: subnasale, ExR: exocanthion right, ExL: exocanthion left, Alr: alare right, AlL: alare left, XR: the most right point according to bipupillary line, and XL: the most left point according to bipupillary line. Ratios used: Tr-N/Sn-Me, N-Sn/Sn-Me, Sn-St/St-Me, XR-XL/Tr-Me, Ex-Me/Ex-Tr, Al-Me/Ex-Al, Al-Me/Ch-Me, Ch-Me/Al-Ch, and ChR-ChL/AlR-AlL.
Mentions: All photographs were taken with an SLR camera (Nikon D80; Nikon Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and a telescopic lens (Micro-Nikkor 105 mm; Nikon Corporation). Frontal photographs were taken with the interpupillary plane parallel to the floor, with the teeth in centric occlusion and relaxed facial muscles. Profile photographs were taken with the Frankfort horizontal plane of the soft tissue parallel to the floor and the teeth in centric occlusion. Pretreatment photographs were analyzed using QuickCeph software (QuickCeph Systems, San Diego, CA, USA) by measuring 21 values. Soft tissue landmarks were identified on the profile and frontal aspects of each photograph. These are shown and defined in Figures 1 and 2. All measurements were performed by the same operator (S.A.). For consistency, all measurements were performed by the same operator 1 month later. Method error was assessed by using Dahlberg's method and the coefficient of reliability (Table 2) [18, 19].

Bottom Line: After the statistics, for pre- and posttreatment changes, all the groups except Class I revealed significant changes.There were significant correlations of patients for the heritability values and pretreatment esthetic in accordance with parents, but there were more correlations of fathers when compared to mothers.Because orthodontic treatments affect facial esthetics, performing similar studies for the treatment outcomes, capabilities, and borders is important.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Bezmialem Vakif University, Fatih, 34093 Istanbul, Turkey.

ABSTRACT
Orthodontists emphasize the importance of facial esthetics while planning a treatment, and orthodontist state that orthodontics have more than expected effects on dentofacial esthetics. The facial esthetics of treated patients and their parents was analyzed and compared to define facial growth and to use in forensic sciences. Our study was applied to 45 orthodontic patients who were treated in our clinic and their untreated parents. The patients were divided into Classes I, II, and III groups according to their malocclusions. Pre- and posttreatment changes, pretreatment facial esthetics of the paitents and its accordance with their parents, and the calculation of heritability tests were performed. After the statistics, for pre- and posttreatment changes, all the groups except Class I revealed significant changes. There were significant correlations of patients for the heritability values and pretreatment esthetic in accordance with parents, but there were more correlations of fathers when compared to mothers. The facial esthetics in adolescences is related with so many factors, not only related with one factor. The facial esthetics in fact includes the aim of evaluation of facial properties partly or totally. Because orthodontic treatments affect facial esthetics, performing similar studies for the treatment outcomes, capabilities, and borders is important.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus