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Pregnancy outcomes associated with Cesarean deliveries in Peruvian public health facilities.

Gonzales GF, Tapia VL, Fort AL, Betran AP - Int J Womens Health (2013)

Bottom Line: A continuous rise in the rate of cesarean deliveries has been reported in many countries over recent decades.This is a secondary analysis of a large database obtained from the Perinatal Information System, which includes 570,997 pregnant women and their babies from 43 Peruvian public health facilities in three geographical regions: coast, highlands, and jungle.Over 10 years, 558,901 women delivered 563,668 infants weighing at least 500 g.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biological and Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Philosophy, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru ; Instituto de Investigaciones de la Altura, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.

ABSTRACT
A continuous rise in the rate of cesarean deliveries has been reported in many countries over recent decades. This trend has prompted the emergence of a debate on the risks and benefits associated with cesarean section. The present study was designed to estimate cesarean section rates over time during the period between 2000 and 2010 in Peru and to present outcomes for each mode of delivery. This is a secondary analysis of a large database obtained from the Perinatal Information System, which includes 570,997 pregnant women and their babies from 43 Peruvian public health facilities in three geographical regions: coast, highlands, and jungle. Over 10 years, 558,901 women delivered 563,668 infants weighing at least 500 g. The cesarean section rate increased from 25.5% in 2000 to 29.9% in 2010 (26.9% average; P < 0.01). The rate of stillbirths was lower with cesarean than vaginal deliveries (P < 0.01). On the other hand, and as expected, the rates for preterm births, twin pregnancies, and preeclampsia were higher in women who delivered by cesarean section (P < 0.01). More importantly, the rate of maternal mortality was 5.5 times higher in the cesarean section group than in the vaginal delivery group. Data suggest that cesarean sections are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Trends for cesarean section rates in Peru according to geographical region, 2000–2010.Note: *chi-square test: P < 0.05 compared to year 2000.
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f1-ijwh-5-637: Trends for cesarean section rates in Peru according to geographical region, 2000–2010.Note: *chi-square test: P < 0.05 compared to year 2000.

Mentions: In the three geographical regions of Peru, cesarean section rates increased over time. The highest rates were observed in the coast, increasing more than 10 percent points from 2000 to 2010, to reach 40% in 2010 (P < 0.05 from 2004 to 2010, compared with 2000). In highland and jungle regions, the cesarean section rate was approximately 20% in 2000 and increased to 30% in the highlands (P < 0.05) and slightly higher than 20% in the jungle by 2010 (P < 0.05 since in 2006 the rate was much higher with respect to the year 2000) (Figure 1).


Pregnancy outcomes associated with Cesarean deliveries in Peruvian public health facilities.

Gonzales GF, Tapia VL, Fort AL, Betran AP - Int J Womens Health (2013)

Trends for cesarean section rates in Peru according to geographical region, 2000–2010.Note: *chi-square test: P < 0.05 compared to year 2000.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3794968&req=5

f1-ijwh-5-637: Trends for cesarean section rates in Peru according to geographical region, 2000–2010.Note: *chi-square test: P < 0.05 compared to year 2000.
Mentions: In the three geographical regions of Peru, cesarean section rates increased over time. The highest rates were observed in the coast, increasing more than 10 percent points from 2000 to 2010, to reach 40% in 2010 (P < 0.05 from 2004 to 2010, compared with 2000). In highland and jungle regions, the cesarean section rate was approximately 20% in 2000 and increased to 30% in the highlands (P < 0.05) and slightly higher than 20% in the jungle by 2010 (P < 0.05 since in 2006 the rate was much higher with respect to the year 2000) (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: A continuous rise in the rate of cesarean deliveries has been reported in many countries over recent decades.This is a secondary analysis of a large database obtained from the Perinatal Information System, which includes 570,997 pregnant women and their babies from 43 Peruvian public health facilities in three geographical regions: coast, highlands, and jungle.Over 10 years, 558,901 women delivered 563,668 infants weighing at least 500 g.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biological and Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Philosophy, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru ; Instituto de Investigaciones de la Altura, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.

ABSTRACT
A continuous rise in the rate of cesarean deliveries has been reported in many countries over recent decades. This trend has prompted the emergence of a debate on the risks and benefits associated with cesarean section. The present study was designed to estimate cesarean section rates over time during the period between 2000 and 2010 in Peru and to present outcomes for each mode of delivery. This is a secondary analysis of a large database obtained from the Perinatal Information System, which includes 570,997 pregnant women and their babies from 43 Peruvian public health facilities in three geographical regions: coast, highlands, and jungle. Over 10 years, 558,901 women delivered 563,668 infants weighing at least 500 g. The cesarean section rate increased from 25.5% in 2000 to 29.9% in 2010 (26.9% average; P < 0.01). The rate of stillbirths was lower with cesarean than vaginal deliveries (P < 0.01). On the other hand, and as expected, the rates for preterm births, twin pregnancies, and preeclampsia were higher in women who delivered by cesarean section (P < 0.01). More importantly, the rate of maternal mortality was 5.5 times higher in the cesarean section group than in the vaginal delivery group. Data suggest that cesarean sections are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus