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Citrus leaf volatiles as affected by developmental stage and genetic type.

Azam M, Jiang Q, Zhang B, Xu C, Chen K - Int J Mol Sci (2013)

Bottom Line: The percentage of aldehyde and monoterpene hydrocarbons increased, whilst oxygenated monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes compounds decreased during leaf development.Notably, linalool content decreased, while limonene increased, during leaf development in most cultivars.Satsuma mandarin and β-terpinene in mature leaves of three genotypes vs. the other four.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology/The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, China.

ABSTRACT
Major volatiles from young and mature leaves of different citrus types were analyzed by headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME)-GC-MS. A total of 123 components were identified form nine citrus cultivars, including nine aldehydes, 19 monoterpene hydrocarbons, 27 oxygenated monoterpenes, 43 sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, eight oxygenated sesquiterpenes, two ketones, six esters and nine miscellaneous. Young leaves produced higher amounts of volatiles than mature leaves in most cultivars. The percentage of aldehyde and monoterpene hydrocarbons increased, whilst oxygenated monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes compounds decreased during leaf development. Linalool was the most abundant compound in young leaves, whereas limonene was the chief component in mature ones. Notably, linalool content decreased, while limonene increased, during leaf development in most cultivars. Leaf volatiles were also affected by genetic types. A most abundant volatile in one or several genotypes can be absent in another one(s), such as limonene in young leaves of lemon vs. Satsuma mandarin and β-terpinene in mature leaves of three genotypes vs. the other four. Compositional data was subjected to multivariate statistical analysis, and variations in leaf volatiles were identified and clustered into six groups. This research determining the relationship between production of major volatiles from different citrus varieties and leaf stages could be of use for industrial and culinary purposes.

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Total volatile contents of young and mature leaves of five citrus types.
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f1-ijms-14-17744: Total volatile contents of young and mature leaves of five citrus types.

Mentions: Differences in total amount of leaf volatiles, measured by GC-MS total ion current peak area, were observed between citrus types and, to a lesser extent, between cultivars, as well as between leaf developmental stage, especially in Ponkan, Liubencheng, Yuhuanyou and Huyou (Figure 1). The lowest amount of volatiles was found in either young or mature leaves of pomelos, and there was no marked difference between the other cultivars (Figure 1), except that, in general, young leaves produced higher amounts of volatiles than mature leaves (Figure 1).


Citrus leaf volatiles as affected by developmental stage and genetic type.

Azam M, Jiang Q, Zhang B, Xu C, Chen K - Int J Mol Sci (2013)

Total volatile contents of young and mature leaves of five citrus types.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3794751&req=5

f1-ijms-14-17744: Total volatile contents of young and mature leaves of five citrus types.
Mentions: Differences in total amount of leaf volatiles, measured by GC-MS total ion current peak area, were observed between citrus types and, to a lesser extent, between cultivars, as well as between leaf developmental stage, especially in Ponkan, Liubencheng, Yuhuanyou and Huyou (Figure 1). The lowest amount of volatiles was found in either young or mature leaves of pomelos, and there was no marked difference between the other cultivars (Figure 1), except that, in general, young leaves produced higher amounts of volatiles than mature leaves (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: The percentage of aldehyde and monoterpene hydrocarbons increased, whilst oxygenated monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes compounds decreased during leaf development.Notably, linalool content decreased, while limonene increased, during leaf development in most cultivars.Satsuma mandarin and β-terpinene in mature leaves of three genotypes vs. the other four.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology/The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, China.

ABSTRACT
Major volatiles from young and mature leaves of different citrus types were analyzed by headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME)-GC-MS. A total of 123 components were identified form nine citrus cultivars, including nine aldehydes, 19 monoterpene hydrocarbons, 27 oxygenated monoterpenes, 43 sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, eight oxygenated sesquiterpenes, two ketones, six esters and nine miscellaneous. Young leaves produced higher amounts of volatiles than mature leaves in most cultivars. The percentage of aldehyde and monoterpene hydrocarbons increased, whilst oxygenated monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes compounds decreased during leaf development. Linalool was the most abundant compound in young leaves, whereas limonene was the chief component in mature ones. Notably, linalool content decreased, while limonene increased, during leaf development in most cultivars. Leaf volatiles were also affected by genetic types. A most abundant volatile in one or several genotypes can be absent in another one(s), such as limonene in young leaves of lemon vs. Satsuma mandarin and β-terpinene in mature leaves of three genotypes vs. the other four. Compositional data was subjected to multivariate statistical analysis, and variations in leaf volatiles were identified and clustered into six groups. This research determining the relationship between production of major volatiles from different citrus varieties and leaf stages could be of use for industrial and culinary purposes.

Show MeSH