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A systematic review of biopsychosocial training programs for the self-management of emotional stress: potential applications for the military.

Crawford C, Wallerstedt DB, Khorsan R, Clausen SS, Jonas WB, Walter JA - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2013)

Bottom Line: Combat-exposed troops and their family members are at risk for stress reactions and related disorders.Multimodal biopsychosocial training programs incorporating complementary and alternative self-management techniques have the potential to reduce stress-related symptoms and dysfunction.Such training can preempt or attenuate the posttraumatic stress response and may be effectively incorporated into the training cycle for deploying and redeploying troops and their families.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Samueli Institute, 1737 King Street, Suite 600, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA.

ABSTRACT
Combat-exposed troops and their family members are at risk for stress reactions and related disorders. Multimodal biopsychosocial training programs incorporating complementary and alternative self-management techniques have the potential to reduce stress-related symptoms and dysfunction. Such training can preempt or attenuate the posttraumatic stress response and may be effectively incorporated into the training cycle for deploying and redeploying troops and their families. A large systematic review was conducted to survey the literature on multimodal training programs for the self-management of emotional stress. This report is an overview of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) identified in this systematic review. Select programs such as mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management, Autogenic Training, Relaxation Response Training, and other meditation and mind-body skills practices are highlighted, and the feasibility of their implementation within military settings is addressed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Flowchart of study selection process.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: Flowchart of study selection process.

Mentions: The initial search from the full systematic review yielded 11,977 citations from database inception through February 2009, of which 284 reports were deemed suitable to be included, with 116 being RCT study designs. See Figure 1 for the flow diagram of studies throughout the review phases. This current report includes only those that were RCT's and were scored as high quality and statistically significant results. Subsequent planned reports will comment on other study designs available.


A systematic review of biopsychosocial training programs for the self-management of emotional stress: potential applications for the military.

Crawford C, Wallerstedt DB, Khorsan R, Clausen SS, Jonas WB, Walter JA - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2013)

Flowchart of study selection process.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3794660&req=5

fig1: Flowchart of study selection process.
Mentions: The initial search from the full systematic review yielded 11,977 citations from database inception through February 2009, of which 284 reports were deemed suitable to be included, with 116 being RCT study designs. See Figure 1 for the flow diagram of studies throughout the review phases. This current report includes only those that were RCT's and were scored as high quality and statistically significant results. Subsequent planned reports will comment on other study designs available.

Bottom Line: Combat-exposed troops and their family members are at risk for stress reactions and related disorders.Multimodal biopsychosocial training programs incorporating complementary and alternative self-management techniques have the potential to reduce stress-related symptoms and dysfunction.Such training can preempt or attenuate the posttraumatic stress response and may be effectively incorporated into the training cycle for deploying and redeploying troops and their families.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Samueli Institute, 1737 King Street, Suite 600, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA.

ABSTRACT
Combat-exposed troops and their family members are at risk for stress reactions and related disorders. Multimodal biopsychosocial training programs incorporating complementary and alternative self-management techniques have the potential to reduce stress-related symptoms and dysfunction. Such training can preempt or attenuate the posttraumatic stress response and may be effectively incorporated into the training cycle for deploying and redeploying troops and their families. A large systematic review was conducted to survey the literature on multimodal training programs for the self-management of emotional stress. This report is an overview of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) identified in this systematic review. Select programs such as mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management, Autogenic Training, Relaxation Response Training, and other meditation and mind-body skills practices are highlighted, and the feasibility of their implementation within military settings is addressed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus