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Perception and Attitude towards Mental Illness in an Urban Community in South Delhi - A Community Based Study.

Salve H, Goswami K, Sagar R, Nongkynrih B, Sreenivas V - Indian J Psychol Med (2013)

Bottom Line: Mean age of the participants was 35.8 (SD: 12.6) years.Living without tension and satisfaction in routine life were identified as indicators of healthy mental status.Community showed negative attitude for stereotyping, restrictiveness, and pessimistic prediction domains of OMICC scale with mean score of 4.5 (SD: 0.2), 3.9 (SD: 0.9), and 3.8 (SD: 0.4), respectively, with no statistically significant difference across age, sex, and literacy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Mental illness have been largely ignored or neglected because of a community's perception and attached social stigma.

Materials and methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban community in South Delhi to study perception and attitude of the community about towards mental illness. An adult member in household selected by systematic random sampling was interviewed using semi-structured interview schedule for perception about mental illness and 34 item Opinion about Mental Illness for Chinese Community (OMICC) scale.

Results: A total of 100 adults were interviewed. Mean age of the participants was 35.8 (SD: 12.6) years. Living without tension and satisfaction in routine life were identified as indicators of healthy mental status. Change in the behavior was perceived as the most common symptom of mental illness. Although mental stress was identified as the most common cause of mental illness, 25% attributed it to evil spirits. Keeping surroundings friendly and sharing problems with others were identified as - important preventive measures against mental illness. Mental illness was perceived as treatable; 12% preferred treatment from Tantric/Ojha. Community showed negative attitude for stereotyping, restrictiveness, and pessimistic prediction domains of OMICC scale with mean score of 4.5 (SD: 0.2), 3.9 (SD: 0.9), and 3.8 (SD: 0.4), respectively, with no statistically significant difference across age, sex, and literacy.

Conclusion: Study observed lack of awareness regarding bio-medical concept of mental illness with socially restrictive, stereotyping, pessimistic, and non-stigmatizing attitude toward mental illness in the capital city.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Representation of attitude of the participants toward patients with mental illness by analysing OMICC scale
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Figure 1: Representation of attitude of the participants toward patients with mental illness by analysing OMICC scale

Mentions: Analysis of OMICC scale showed higher (mean) scores for stereotyping (4.5), restrictiveness (3.9), and pessimistic prediction (3.8) domains and lower values for separatism (2.6), benevolence (1.8), and stigmatisation (2.3) domains [Figure 1]. Community showed kind, non-stigmatising but pessimistic attitude toward the future of the people with mental illness. At the same time, participants also felt that social relationship with these people should be restricted.


Perception and Attitude towards Mental Illness in an Urban Community in South Delhi - A Community Based Study.

Salve H, Goswami K, Sagar R, Nongkynrih B, Sreenivas V - Indian J Psychol Med (2013)

Representation of attitude of the participants toward patients with mental illness by analysing OMICC scale
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3775047&req=5

Figure 1: Representation of attitude of the participants toward patients with mental illness by analysing OMICC scale
Mentions: Analysis of OMICC scale showed higher (mean) scores for stereotyping (4.5), restrictiveness (3.9), and pessimistic prediction (3.8) domains and lower values for separatism (2.6), benevolence (1.8), and stigmatisation (2.3) domains [Figure 1]. Community showed kind, non-stigmatising but pessimistic attitude toward the future of the people with mental illness. At the same time, participants also felt that social relationship with these people should be restricted.

Bottom Line: Mean age of the participants was 35.8 (SD: 12.6) years.Living without tension and satisfaction in routine life were identified as indicators of healthy mental status.Community showed negative attitude for stereotyping, restrictiveness, and pessimistic prediction domains of OMICC scale with mean score of 4.5 (SD: 0.2), 3.9 (SD: 0.9), and 3.8 (SD: 0.4), respectively, with no statistically significant difference across age, sex, and literacy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Mental illness have been largely ignored or neglected because of a community's perception and attached social stigma.

Materials and methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban community in South Delhi to study perception and attitude of the community about towards mental illness. An adult member in household selected by systematic random sampling was interviewed using semi-structured interview schedule for perception about mental illness and 34 item Opinion about Mental Illness for Chinese Community (OMICC) scale.

Results: A total of 100 adults were interviewed. Mean age of the participants was 35.8 (SD: 12.6) years. Living without tension and satisfaction in routine life were identified as indicators of healthy mental status. Change in the behavior was perceived as the most common symptom of mental illness. Although mental stress was identified as the most common cause of mental illness, 25% attributed it to evil spirits. Keeping surroundings friendly and sharing problems with others were identified as - important preventive measures against mental illness. Mental illness was perceived as treatable; 12% preferred treatment from Tantric/Ojha. Community showed negative attitude for stereotyping, restrictiveness, and pessimistic prediction domains of OMICC scale with mean score of 4.5 (SD: 0.2), 3.9 (SD: 0.9), and 3.8 (SD: 0.4), respectively, with no statistically significant difference across age, sex, and literacy.

Conclusion: Study observed lack of awareness regarding bio-medical concept of mental illness with socially restrictive, stereotyping, pessimistic, and non-stigmatizing attitude toward mental illness in the capital city.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus