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Sexually transmitted diseases in a specialized STD healthcare center: epidemiology and demographic profile from January 1999 to December 2009.

Fagundes LJ, Vieira EE, Moysés AC, Lima FD, Morais FR, Vizinho NL - An Bras Dermatol (2013 Jul-Aug)

Bottom Line: The highest incidence of STD was condyloma acuminata, affecting 29.4% of all the patients, genital candidiasis 14.2%, and genital herpes 10.6%.Of the 44.3% who submitted to serologic testing for HIV detection 5% were positive, with a ratio of 6.8 males to 1 female.STD prevalence remains high in Brazil and it is necessary to invest in early detection, prevention and treatment.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Escola Geraldo de Paula Souza Health Center, Faculty of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São PauloSP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Background: Sexually Transmitted Diseases are still considered a serious public health problem in Brazil and worldwide.

Objective: To examine Sexually Transmitted Diseases prevalence and the sickness impact profile of STDs in a reference health center specializing in the treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Method: We collected epidemiological, demographic, clinical and laboratory data from the medical records and interviews of 4,128 patients who had attended the center from January 1999 to December 2009.

Results: Male patients outnumbered (76%) females (24%), Caucasians outnumbered (74.3%) those of mixed race (14.8%), blacks (10.8%) and Asians (0.1%). STD occurrence was higher in the 20-29 age group (46.2%) This population included 34.7% high school graduates, 8.7% college graduates and 0.8% illiterates. As for affective-sexual orientation, 86.5% were heterosexual, 7.8% homosexual and 5.5% bisexual. Regarding patients' sexual practices over the previous 30 days, 67.7% reported sexual intercourse with one person, 8.6% had had sex with two persons and 3.9%, with three or more people. The highest incidence of STD was condyloma acuminata, affecting 29.4% of all the patients, genital candidiasis 14.2%, and genital herpes 10.6%. Of the 44.3% who submitted to serologic testing for HIV detection 5% were positive, with a ratio of 6.8 males to 1 female.

Conclusions: STD prevalence remains high in Brazil and it is necessary to invest in early detection, prevention and treatment.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Proportional distribution of STD (total of 4,874 diagnoses, assuming the samepatient with possibly more than one STD)
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f02: Proportional distribution of STD (total of 4,874 diagnoses, assuming the samepatient with possibly more than one STD)

Mentions: Considering that some individual patients possibly had more than one STD, we assumed atotal of 4,874 diagnoses. Graph 2 shows theproportion of diagnosed STDs. While no cases of donovanosis were reported during thestudy period, one case of congenital syphilis was however detected.


Sexually transmitted diseases in a specialized STD healthcare center: epidemiology and demographic profile from January 1999 to December 2009.

Fagundes LJ, Vieira EE, Moysés AC, Lima FD, Morais FR, Vizinho NL - An Bras Dermatol (2013 Jul-Aug)

Proportional distribution of STD (total of 4,874 diagnoses, assuming the samepatient with possibly more than one STD)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3760926&req=5

f02: Proportional distribution of STD (total of 4,874 diagnoses, assuming the samepatient with possibly more than one STD)
Mentions: Considering that some individual patients possibly had more than one STD, we assumed atotal of 4,874 diagnoses. Graph 2 shows theproportion of diagnosed STDs. While no cases of donovanosis were reported during thestudy period, one case of congenital syphilis was however detected.

Bottom Line: The highest incidence of STD was condyloma acuminata, affecting 29.4% of all the patients, genital candidiasis 14.2%, and genital herpes 10.6%.Of the 44.3% who submitted to serologic testing for HIV detection 5% were positive, with a ratio of 6.8 males to 1 female.STD prevalence remains high in Brazil and it is necessary to invest in early detection, prevention and treatment.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Escola Geraldo de Paula Souza Health Center, Faculty of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São PauloSP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Background: Sexually Transmitted Diseases are still considered a serious public health problem in Brazil and worldwide.

Objective: To examine Sexually Transmitted Diseases prevalence and the sickness impact profile of STDs in a reference health center specializing in the treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Method: We collected epidemiological, demographic, clinical and laboratory data from the medical records and interviews of 4,128 patients who had attended the center from January 1999 to December 2009.

Results: Male patients outnumbered (76%) females (24%), Caucasians outnumbered (74.3%) those of mixed race (14.8%), blacks (10.8%) and Asians (0.1%). STD occurrence was higher in the 20-29 age group (46.2%) This population included 34.7% high school graduates, 8.7% college graduates and 0.8% illiterates. As for affective-sexual orientation, 86.5% were heterosexual, 7.8% homosexual and 5.5% bisexual. Regarding patients' sexual practices over the previous 30 days, 67.7% reported sexual intercourse with one person, 8.6% had had sex with two persons and 3.9%, with three or more people. The highest incidence of STD was condyloma acuminata, affecting 29.4% of all the patients, genital candidiasis 14.2%, and genital herpes 10.6%. Of the 44.3% who submitted to serologic testing for HIV detection 5% were positive, with a ratio of 6.8 males to 1 female.

Conclusions: STD prevalence remains high in Brazil and it is necessary to invest in early detection, prevention and treatment.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus