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Environmental dermatology: skin manifestations of injuries caused by invertebrate aquatic animals.

Haddad V - An Bras Dermatol (2013 Jul-Aug)

Bottom Line: Contact between humans and coastal areas has increased in recent decades, which has led to an increase in injuries from aquatic animals.The majority of these present dermatological manifestations, and some of them show typical lesions.The highest percentages of injuries that occur in marine environments are associated with invertebrates such as sea urchins, jellyfish and Portuguese men-of-war (echinoderms and cnidarians).

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ABSTRACT
Contact between humans and coastal areas has increased in recent decades, which has led to an increase in injuries from aquatic animals. The majority of these present dermatological manifestations, and some of them show typical lesions. The highest percentages of injuries that occur in marine environments are associated with invertebrates such as sea urchins, jellyfish and Portuguese men-of-war (echinoderms and cnidarians). In this review, we discuss the clinical, therapeutic and preventive aspects of injuries caused by marine and freshwater invertebrates, focusing on first aid measures and diagnosis for dermatologists and professionals in coastal areas.

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Insects of the Belastomatidae family (giant water bugs) are venomous and can causepainful accidents in humans. Photo: Vidal Haddad Junior
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f11: Insects of the Belastomatidae family (giant water bugs) are venomous and can causepainful accidents in humans. Photo: Vidal Haddad Junior

Mentions: Venomous aquatic insects are rare, but one can point to the Belostomatidae, carnivoroushemiptera, popularly known as giant water bugs (Figure11). These animals live in freshwater environments and they hunt otherarthropods, and even small fish and frogs. There are large species, such asLethocerus delpontei, which can reach 10cm in length. Accidentscaused by these animals have been reported, affecting particularly people who havecontact with water streams. The bite inflicted by a proboscis provokes severe pain andin some cases, reversible paralysis of limbs can occur. Some studies associate the stingof these insects to Buruli ulcers, caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans.2,33


Environmental dermatology: skin manifestations of injuries caused by invertebrate aquatic animals.

Haddad V - An Bras Dermatol (2013 Jul-Aug)

Insects of the Belastomatidae family (giant water bugs) are venomous and can causepainful accidents in humans. Photo: Vidal Haddad Junior
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3760923&req=5

f11: Insects of the Belastomatidae family (giant water bugs) are venomous and can causepainful accidents in humans. Photo: Vidal Haddad Junior
Mentions: Venomous aquatic insects are rare, but one can point to the Belostomatidae, carnivoroushemiptera, popularly known as giant water bugs (Figure11). These animals live in freshwater environments and they hunt otherarthropods, and even small fish and frogs. There are large species, such asLethocerus delpontei, which can reach 10cm in length. Accidentscaused by these animals have been reported, affecting particularly people who havecontact with water streams. The bite inflicted by a proboscis provokes severe pain andin some cases, reversible paralysis of limbs can occur. Some studies associate the stingof these insects to Buruli ulcers, caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans.2,33

Bottom Line: Contact between humans and coastal areas has increased in recent decades, which has led to an increase in injuries from aquatic animals.The majority of these present dermatological manifestations, and some of them show typical lesions.The highest percentages of injuries that occur in marine environments are associated with invertebrates such as sea urchins, jellyfish and Portuguese men-of-war (echinoderms and cnidarians).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Contact between humans and coastal areas has increased in recent decades, which has led to an increase in injuries from aquatic animals. The majority of these present dermatological manifestations, and some of them show typical lesions. The highest percentages of injuries that occur in marine environments are associated with invertebrates such as sea urchins, jellyfish and Portuguese men-of-war (echinoderms and cnidarians). In this review, we discuss the clinical, therapeutic and preventive aspects of injuries caused by marine and freshwater invertebrates, focusing on first aid measures and diagnosis for dermatologists and professionals in coastal areas.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus