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Environmental dermatology: skin manifestations of injuries caused by invertebrate aquatic animals.

Haddad V - An Bras Dermatol (2013 Jul-Aug)

Bottom Line: Contact between humans and coastal areas has increased in recent decades, which has led to an increase in injuries from aquatic animals.The majority of these present dermatological manifestations, and some of them show typical lesions.The highest percentages of injuries that occur in marine environments are associated with invertebrates such as sea urchins, jellyfish and Portuguese men-of-war (echinoderms and cnidarians).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Contact between humans and coastal areas has increased in recent decades, which has led to an increase in injuries from aquatic animals. The majority of these present dermatological manifestations, and some of them show typical lesions. The highest percentages of injuries that occur in marine environments are associated with invertebrates such as sea urchins, jellyfish and Portuguese men-of-war (echinoderms and cnidarians). In this review, we discuss the clinical, therapeutic and preventive aspects of injuries caused by marine and freshwater invertebrates, focusing on first aid measures and diagnosis for dermatologists and professionals in coastal areas.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Top-left: marine sponge. Below: freshwater sponge (cauxi). Right: details ofsponges. Photos: Vidal Haddad Junior
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f01: Top-left: marine sponge. Below: freshwater sponge (cauxi). Right: details ofsponges. Photos: Vidal Haddad Junior

Mentions: Marine sponges are simple animals, with a circular body and "skeleton", consisting ofcalcium carbonate, silica and spongin. Sponges have a species of irritating slime on thesurface of the skeleton, and the spikes of the body contribute to this.1-5The sponges associated with lesions in humans are of the generaNeofibularia sp, Tedania ignis (the fire sponge)and Microciona prolifera, the red sponge (Figure 1).


Environmental dermatology: skin manifestations of injuries caused by invertebrate aquatic animals.

Haddad V - An Bras Dermatol (2013 Jul-Aug)

Top-left: marine sponge. Below: freshwater sponge (cauxi). Right: details ofsponges. Photos: Vidal Haddad Junior
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3760923&req=5

f01: Top-left: marine sponge. Below: freshwater sponge (cauxi). Right: details ofsponges. Photos: Vidal Haddad Junior
Mentions: Marine sponges are simple animals, with a circular body and "skeleton", consisting ofcalcium carbonate, silica and spongin. Sponges have a species of irritating slime on thesurface of the skeleton, and the spikes of the body contribute to this.1-5The sponges associated with lesions in humans are of the generaNeofibularia sp, Tedania ignis (the fire sponge)and Microciona prolifera, the red sponge (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Contact between humans and coastal areas has increased in recent decades, which has led to an increase in injuries from aquatic animals.The majority of these present dermatological manifestations, and some of them show typical lesions.The highest percentages of injuries that occur in marine environments are associated with invertebrates such as sea urchins, jellyfish and Portuguese men-of-war (echinoderms and cnidarians).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Contact between humans and coastal areas has increased in recent decades, which has led to an increase in injuries from aquatic animals. The majority of these present dermatological manifestations, and some of them show typical lesions. The highest percentages of injuries that occur in marine environments are associated with invertebrates such as sea urchins, jellyfish and Portuguese men-of-war (echinoderms and cnidarians). In this review, we discuss the clinical, therapeutic and preventive aspects of injuries caused by marine and freshwater invertebrates, focusing on first aid measures and diagnosis for dermatologists and professionals in coastal areas.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus