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Sex differences in sensation-seeking: a meta-analysis.

Cross CP, Cyrenne DL, Brown GR - Sci Rep (2013)

Bottom Line: We found that sex differences in total SSS-V scores have remained stable across years, as have sex differences in Disinhibition and Boredom Susceptibility.In contrast, the sex difference in Thrill and Adventure Seeking has declined, possibly due to changes in social norms or out-dated questions on this sub-scale.Our results support the view that men and women differ in their propensity to report sensation-seeking characteristics, while behavioural manifestations of sensation-seeking vary over time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of St Andrews, Fife, UK.

ABSTRACT
Men score higher than women on measures of sensation-seeking, defined as a willingness to engage in novel or intense activities. This sex difference has been explained in terms of evolved psychological mechanisms or culturally transmitted social norms. We investigated whether sex differences in sensation-seeking have changed over recent years by conducting a meta-analysis of studies using Zuckerman's Sensation Seeking Scale, version V (SSS-V). We found that sex differences in total SSS-V scores have remained stable across years, as have sex differences in Disinhibition and Boredom Susceptibility. In contrast, the sex difference in Thrill and Adventure Seeking has declined, possibly due to changes in social norms or out-dated questions on this sub-scale. Our results support the view that men and women differ in their propensity to report sensation-seeking characteristics, while behavioural manifestations of sensation-seeking vary over time. Sex differences in sensation-seeking could reflect genetically influenced predispositions interacting with socially transmitted information.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Effect sizes (d) by sample size for Total SSS-V scores.Solid line = weighted mean effect size; dashed lines = 95% confidence intervals for mean effect size.
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f1: Effect sizes (d) by sample size for Total SSS-V scores.Solid line = weighted mean effect size; dashed lines = 95% confidence intervals for mean effect size.

Mentions: Men scored higher than women on total SSS-V (d = 0.46; Figure 1). Effect size did not correlate with the study's inverse variance (tau-b = −0.041, n.s.), and the funnel plot was symmetric, indicating that our dataset did not suffer from publication bias (see Figure S2 in the Supplementary Information for funnel plots and tests for each subscale). Men also scored higher than women on TAS (d = 0.42), and Dis (d = 0.46), which both showed moderate sex differences. Men scored higher on BS, although this difference was smaller (d = 0.35). ES showed no sex difference (d = 0.04; Table 1).


Sex differences in sensation-seeking: a meta-analysis.

Cross CP, Cyrenne DL, Brown GR - Sci Rep (2013)

Effect sizes (d) by sample size for Total SSS-V scores.Solid line = weighted mean effect size; dashed lines = 95% confidence intervals for mean effect size.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3757272&req=5

f1: Effect sizes (d) by sample size for Total SSS-V scores.Solid line = weighted mean effect size; dashed lines = 95% confidence intervals for mean effect size.
Mentions: Men scored higher than women on total SSS-V (d = 0.46; Figure 1). Effect size did not correlate with the study's inverse variance (tau-b = −0.041, n.s.), and the funnel plot was symmetric, indicating that our dataset did not suffer from publication bias (see Figure S2 in the Supplementary Information for funnel plots and tests for each subscale). Men also scored higher than women on TAS (d = 0.42), and Dis (d = 0.46), which both showed moderate sex differences. Men scored higher on BS, although this difference was smaller (d = 0.35). ES showed no sex difference (d = 0.04; Table 1).

Bottom Line: We found that sex differences in total SSS-V scores have remained stable across years, as have sex differences in Disinhibition and Boredom Susceptibility.In contrast, the sex difference in Thrill and Adventure Seeking has declined, possibly due to changes in social norms or out-dated questions on this sub-scale.Our results support the view that men and women differ in their propensity to report sensation-seeking characteristics, while behavioural manifestations of sensation-seeking vary over time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of St Andrews, Fife, UK.

ABSTRACT
Men score higher than women on measures of sensation-seeking, defined as a willingness to engage in novel or intense activities. This sex difference has been explained in terms of evolved psychological mechanisms or culturally transmitted social norms. We investigated whether sex differences in sensation-seeking have changed over recent years by conducting a meta-analysis of studies using Zuckerman's Sensation Seeking Scale, version V (SSS-V). We found that sex differences in total SSS-V scores have remained stable across years, as have sex differences in Disinhibition and Boredom Susceptibility. In contrast, the sex difference in Thrill and Adventure Seeking has declined, possibly due to changes in social norms or out-dated questions on this sub-scale. Our results support the view that men and women differ in their propensity to report sensation-seeking characteristics, while behavioural manifestations of sensation-seeking vary over time. Sex differences in sensation-seeking could reflect genetically influenced predispositions interacting with socially transmitted information.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus