Limits...
Activation of ERK1/2 by store-operated calcium entry in rat parotid acinar cells.

Soltoff SP, Lannon WA - PLoS ONE (2013)

Bottom Line: Agents and conditions that blocked SOCE in native cells, including 2-aminoethyldiphenyl borate (2-APB), SKF96363, and removal of extracellular Ca(2+), also reduced TG- and carbachol-stimulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation.TG-promoted ERK1/2 phosphorylation was blocked when SRC and Protein Kinases C (PKC) were inhibited, and it was blocked in cells pretreated with β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol.These observations demonstrate that ERK1/2 is activated by a selective mechanism of Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in these cells, and suggest that ERK1/2 may contribute to events downstream of SOCE.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Signal Transduction, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachussetts, USA. ssoltoff@bidmc.harvard.edu

ABSTRACT
The regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) plays a critical role in a variety of cellular processes, including transcription, protein activation, vesicle trafficking, and ion movement across epithelial cells. In many cells, the activation of phospholipase C-coupled receptors hydrolyzes membrane phosphoinositides and produces the depletion of endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) stores, followed by the sustained elevation of [Ca(2+)]i from Ca(2+) entry across the plasma membrane via store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE). Ca(2+) entry is also increased in a store-independent manner by arachidonate-regulated Ca(2+) (ARC) channels. Using rat parotid salivary gland cells, we examined multiple pathways of Ca(2+) entry/elevation to determine if they activated cell signaling proteins and whether this occurred in a pathway-dependent manner. We observed that SOCE activates extracellular signal-related kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) to ∼3-times basal levels via a receptor-independent mechanism when SOCE was initiated by depleting Ca(2+) stores using the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitor thapsigargin (TG). TG-initiated ERK1/2 phosphorylation increased as rapidly as that initiated by the muscarinic receptor agonist carbachol, which promoted an increase to ∼5-times basal levels. Notably, ERK1/2 phosphorylation was not increased by the global elevation of [Ca(2+)]i by Ca(2+) ionophore or by Ca(2+) entry via ARC channels in native cells, although ERK1/2 phosphorylation was increased by Ca(2+) ionophore in Par-C10 and HSY salivary cell lines. Agents and conditions that blocked SOCE in native cells, including 2-aminoethyldiphenyl borate (2-APB), SKF96363, and removal of extracellular Ca(2+), also reduced TG- and carbachol-stimulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation. TG-promoted ERK1/2 phosphorylation was blocked when SRC and Protein Kinases C (PKC) were inhibited, and it was blocked in cells pretreated with β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol. These observations demonstrate that ERK1/2 is activated by a selective mechanism of Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in these cells, and suggest that ERK1/2 may contribute to events downstream of SOCE.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Time course of the effects of [Ca2+]i-elevating stimuli on ERK1/2 phosphorylation in salivary gland cell lines.HSY cells (A) and Par-C10 cells (B) were exposed to TG (1 µM) and ionomycin (1 µM) for various times, as indicated. Values shown are for ERK1/2 phosphorylations (normalized to total ERK2) relative to basal conditions.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3756958&req=5

pone-0072881-g002: Time course of the effects of [Ca2+]i-elevating stimuli on ERK1/2 phosphorylation in salivary gland cell lines.HSY cells (A) and Par-C10 cells (B) were exposed to TG (1 µM) and ionomycin (1 µM) for various times, as indicated. Values shown are for ERK1/2 phosphorylations (normalized to total ERK2) relative to basal conditions.

Mentions: We also examined the effects of TG on several salivary gland cell lines. TG increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation in Par-C10 cells, an immortalized rat parotid acinar cell line, and in HSY cells, a human parotid cancer cell line (Figure 2). However, ionomycin also increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation in both cell lines even though it did not do so in native rat parotid acinar cells (Figure 1). Thus, ERK1/2 was activated by global increases in [Ca2+]iper se in these cell lines, responses that were different from those observed in native rat parotid acinar cells.


Activation of ERK1/2 by store-operated calcium entry in rat parotid acinar cells.

Soltoff SP, Lannon WA - PLoS ONE (2013)

Time course of the effects of [Ca2+]i-elevating stimuli on ERK1/2 phosphorylation in salivary gland cell lines.HSY cells (A) and Par-C10 cells (B) were exposed to TG (1 µM) and ionomycin (1 µM) for various times, as indicated. Values shown are for ERK1/2 phosphorylations (normalized to total ERK2) relative to basal conditions.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3756958&req=5

pone-0072881-g002: Time course of the effects of [Ca2+]i-elevating stimuli on ERK1/2 phosphorylation in salivary gland cell lines.HSY cells (A) and Par-C10 cells (B) were exposed to TG (1 µM) and ionomycin (1 µM) for various times, as indicated. Values shown are for ERK1/2 phosphorylations (normalized to total ERK2) relative to basal conditions.
Mentions: We also examined the effects of TG on several salivary gland cell lines. TG increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation in Par-C10 cells, an immortalized rat parotid acinar cell line, and in HSY cells, a human parotid cancer cell line (Figure 2). However, ionomycin also increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation in both cell lines even though it did not do so in native rat parotid acinar cells (Figure 1). Thus, ERK1/2 was activated by global increases in [Ca2+]iper se in these cell lines, responses that were different from those observed in native rat parotid acinar cells.

Bottom Line: Agents and conditions that blocked SOCE in native cells, including 2-aminoethyldiphenyl borate (2-APB), SKF96363, and removal of extracellular Ca(2+), also reduced TG- and carbachol-stimulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation.TG-promoted ERK1/2 phosphorylation was blocked when SRC and Protein Kinases C (PKC) were inhibited, and it was blocked in cells pretreated with β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol.These observations demonstrate that ERK1/2 is activated by a selective mechanism of Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in these cells, and suggest that ERK1/2 may contribute to events downstream of SOCE.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Signal Transduction, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachussetts, USA. ssoltoff@bidmc.harvard.edu

ABSTRACT
The regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) plays a critical role in a variety of cellular processes, including transcription, protein activation, vesicle trafficking, and ion movement across epithelial cells. In many cells, the activation of phospholipase C-coupled receptors hydrolyzes membrane phosphoinositides and produces the depletion of endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) stores, followed by the sustained elevation of [Ca(2+)]i from Ca(2+) entry across the plasma membrane via store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE). Ca(2+) entry is also increased in a store-independent manner by arachidonate-regulated Ca(2+) (ARC) channels. Using rat parotid salivary gland cells, we examined multiple pathways of Ca(2+) entry/elevation to determine if they activated cell signaling proteins and whether this occurred in a pathway-dependent manner. We observed that SOCE activates extracellular signal-related kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) to ∼3-times basal levels via a receptor-independent mechanism when SOCE was initiated by depleting Ca(2+) stores using the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitor thapsigargin (TG). TG-initiated ERK1/2 phosphorylation increased as rapidly as that initiated by the muscarinic receptor agonist carbachol, which promoted an increase to ∼5-times basal levels. Notably, ERK1/2 phosphorylation was not increased by the global elevation of [Ca(2+)]i by Ca(2+) ionophore or by Ca(2+) entry via ARC channels in native cells, although ERK1/2 phosphorylation was increased by Ca(2+) ionophore in Par-C10 and HSY salivary cell lines. Agents and conditions that blocked SOCE in native cells, including 2-aminoethyldiphenyl borate (2-APB), SKF96363, and removal of extracellular Ca(2+), also reduced TG- and carbachol-stimulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation. TG-promoted ERK1/2 phosphorylation was blocked when SRC and Protein Kinases C (PKC) were inhibited, and it was blocked in cells pretreated with β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol. These observations demonstrate that ERK1/2 is activated by a selective mechanism of Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in these cells, and suggest that ERK1/2 may contribute to events downstream of SOCE.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus