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A coordinated approach to mapping neglected tropical diseases.

Mathieu E, Knipes A - Community Eye Health (2013)

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Resident Advisor: Central African Field and Applied Epidemiology Training Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Yaounde, Cameroon.

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Disease prevalence mapping allows countries to identify infected individuals and populations in need of disease-control measures, such as mass drug administration (MDA) with preventive chemotherapy... In reality, the countries most affected by NTDs have limited resources for mapping, and are endemic for two or more NTDs, for example lymphatic filariasis (LF), and/or trachoma, and/or schistosomiasis and/or soil transmitted helminths (STH)... The CTM method achieves the same goals as the WHO's disease-specific protocols, namely identifying the need for MDA with preventive chemotherapy... It does not provide prevalence figures, but instead aims to determine whether a disease has attained the threshold necessitating a public health intervention... Table 1 gives a comparison of disease-specific prevalence mapping and CTM... This participation of local volunteers has been shown to build local capacity and spontaneous local advocacy for co-ordinated NTD control... Co-ordinated (or integrated) mapping surveys have been successfully implemented in several countries, including for schistosomiasis and trachoma in Nigeria, forschistosomiasis, STH and trachoma in Togo; for LF, loiasis, schistosomiasis and STH in South Sudan,, for trachoma, LF, schistosomiasis and STH in Mali and Senegal; and forschistosomiasis and STH in Cameroon... Although CTM offers several important advantages over the WHO's disease-specific protocol for countries that are endemic for more than one NTD, the method is not without shortcomings (Table 1)... However, the various NTD programmes share the common goal of a healthier, more productive population... By working together in disease mapping, this common goal is more attainable... In our experience, the initial reluctance towards collaboration among different NTD programmes was eased as members quickly noticed improved efficiency compared to disease-specific methodologies.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

After giving stool and urine samples (to detect soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis, respectively) the children are checked for signs of trachoma. TOGO
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Figure 3: After giving stool and urine samples (to detect soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis, respectively) the children are checked for signs of trachoma. TOGO


A coordinated approach to mapping neglected tropical diseases.

Mathieu E, Knipes A - Community Eye Health (2013)

After giving stool and urine samples (to detect soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis, respectively) the children are checked for signs of trachoma. TOGO
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3756649&req=5

Figure 3: After giving stool and urine samples (to detect soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis, respectively) the children are checked for signs of trachoma. TOGO

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Resident Advisor: Central African Field and Applied Epidemiology Training Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Yaounde, Cameroon.

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

Disease prevalence mapping allows countries to identify infected individuals and populations in need of disease-control measures, such as mass drug administration (MDA) with preventive chemotherapy... In reality, the countries most affected by NTDs have limited resources for mapping, and are endemic for two or more NTDs, for example lymphatic filariasis (LF), and/or trachoma, and/or schistosomiasis and/or soil transmitted helminths (STH)... The CTM method achieves the same goals as the WHO's disease-specific protocols, namely identifying the need for MDA with preventive chemotherapy... It does not provide prevalence figures, but instead aims to determine whether a disease has attained the threshold necessitating a public health intervention... Table 1 gives a comparison of disease-specific prevalence mapping and CTM... This participation of local volunteers has been shown to build local capacity and spontaneous local advocacy for co-ordinated NTD control... Co-ordinated (or integrated) mapping surveys have been successfully implemented in several countries, including for schistosomiasis and trachoma in Nigeria, forschistosomiasis, STH and trachoma in Togo; for LF, loiasis, schistosomiasis and STH in South Sudan,, for trachoma, LF, schistosomiasis and STH in Mali and Senegal; and forschistosomiasis and STH in Cameroon... Although CTM offers several important advantages over the WHO's disease-specific protocol for countries that are endemic for more than one NTD, the method is not without shortcomings (Table 1)... However, the various NTD programmes share the common goal of a healthier, more productive population... By working together in disease mapping, this common goal is more attainable... In our experience, the initial reluctance towards collaboration among different NTD programmes was eased as members quickly noticed improved efficiency compared to disease-specific methodologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus