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Photodynamic therapy with ablative carbon dioxide fractional laser for treating Bowen disease.

Kim SK, Park JY, Song HS, Kim YS, Kim YC - Ann Dermatol (2013)

Bottom Line: The average number of treatments to CR was 3.70±1.70.The treatments showed favorable cosmetic outcomes and no serious adverse events.The results suggest that pretreatment with an ablative fractional CO2 laser before PDT has similar treatment efficacy and requires a shorter photosensitizer incubation time compared with the conventional PDT method.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been increasingly used to treat malignant skin tumors including the Bowen disease. However, patients could be displeased with the long incubation time required for conventional PDT.

Objective: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of PDT with a short incubation time of ablative CO2 fractional laser pretreatment for treating Bowen disease.

Methods: Ten patients were included. Just before applying the topical photosensitizer, all lesions were treated with ablative CO2 fractional laser, following the application of methyl aminolevulinate and irradiation with red light (Aktilite CL 128). Histological confirmation, rebiopsy, and clinical assessments were performed. Adverse events were also recorded.

Results: Five of the ten (50%) lesions showed a complete response (CR) within three PDT sessions. After four treatment sessions, all lesions except one penile shaft lesion (90%) achieved clinical and histological CR or clinical CR only. The average number of treatments to CR was 3.70±1.70. The treatments showed favorable cosmetic outcomes and no serious adverse events.

Conclusion: The results suggest that pretreatment with an ablative fractional CO2 laser before PDT has similar treatment efficacy and requires a shorter photosensitizer incubation time compared with the conventional PDT method.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Histological clearance of Bowen disease following pretreatment with a ablative CO2 fractional laser following methyl aminolevulinate-photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) (H&E, ×200). (A) Before treatment, (B) after treatment.
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Figure 2: Histological clearance of Bowen disease following pretreatment with a ablative CO2 fractional laser following methyl aminolevulinate-photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) (H&E, ×200). (A) Before treatment, (B) after treatment.

Mentions: Five of the ten (50%) lesions showed a CR within three PDT sessions (two lesions showed a clinical CR and three lesions showed both clinical and histological CR) (Fig. 1, 2).


Photodynamic therapy with ablative carbon dioxide fractional laser for treating Bowen disease.

Kim SK, Park JY, Song HS, Kim YS, Kim YC - Ann Dermatol (2013)

Histological clearance of Bowen disease following pretreatment with a ablative CO2 fractional laser following methyl aminolevulinate-photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) (H&E, ×200). (A) Before treatment, (B) after treatment.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3756199&req=5

Figure 2: Histological clearance of Bowen disease following pretreatment with a ablative CO2 fractional laser following methyl aminolevulinate-photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) (H&E, ×200). (A) Before treatment, (B) after treatment.
Mentions: Five of the ten (50%) lesions showed a CR within three PDT sessions (two lesions showed a clinical CR and three lesions showed both clinical and histological CR) (Fig. 1, 2).

Bottom Line: The average number of treatments to CR was 3.70±1.70.The treatments showed favorable cosmetic outcomes and no serious adverse events.The results suggest that pretreatment with an ablative fractional CO2 laser before PDT has similar treatment efficacy and requires a shorter photosensitizer incubation time compared with the conventional PDT method.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been increasingly used to treat malignant skin tumors including the Bowen disease. However, patients could be displeased with the long incubation time required for conventional PDT.

Objective: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of PDT with a short incubation time of ablative CO2 fractional laser pretreatment for treating Bowen disease.

Methods: Ten patients were included. Just before applying the topical photosensitizer, all lesions were treated with ablative CO2 fractional laser, following the application of methyl aminolevulinate and irradiation with red light (Aktilite CL 128). Histological confirmation, rebiopsy, and clinical assessments were performed. Adverse events were also recorded.

Results: Five of the ten (50%) lesions showed a complete response (CR) within three PDT sessions. After four treatment sessions, all lesions except one penile shaft lesion (90%) achieved clinical and histological CR or clinical CR only. The average number of treatments to CR was 3.70±1.70. The treatments showed favorable cosmetic outcomes and no serious adverse events.

Conclusion: The results suggest that pretreatment with an ablative fractional CO2 laser before PDT has similar treatment efficacy and requires a shorter photosensitizer incubation time compared with the conventional PDT method.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus