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The persistence of adolescent binge drinking into adulthood: findings from a 15-year prospective cohort study.

Degenhardt L, O'Loughlin C, Swift W, Romaniuk H, Carlin J, Coffey C, Hall W, Patton G - BMJ Open (2013)

Bottom Line: Victoria, Australia. 1943 adolescents were recruited from secondary schools at age 14-15 years.Levels of past-week 'binge' drinking (5+ standard drinks on a day, each 10 g alcohol) and 'heavy binge' drinking (20+ standard drinks on a day for males, 11+ for females) were assessed during six adolescent waves, and across three adult waves up to age 29 years.Past-week heavy bingeing was less common in adolescence than adulthood.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To examine the prevalence of binge drinking in adolescence and its persistence into adulthood in an Australian cohort.

Design: 15-year prospective cohort study.

Setting: Victoria, Australia.

Participants: 1943 adolescents were recruited from secondary schools at age 14-15 years.

Primary outcome measures: Levels of past-week 'binge' drinking (5+ standard drinks on a day, each 10 g alcohol) and 'heavy binge' drinking (20+ standard drinks on a day for males, 11+ for females) were assessed during six adolescent waves, and across three adult waves up to age 29 years.

Results: Half of the males (52%) and a third of the females (34%) reported past-week adolescent binge drinking. 90% of male and 70% of female adolescent-onset binge drinkers continued to binge in young adulthood; 70% of males and 48% of females who were not adolescent-onset binge drinkers reported young adult binge drinking. Past-week heavy bingeing was less common in adolescence than adulthood. Overall, 35% of the sample (95% CI 33% to 38%) reported past-week binge drinking in adolescence and young adulthood and one-third (33%; 30% to 35%) first reported binge drinking in young adulthood; only 7% of the sample (6-8%) had binge drinking in adolescence but not young adulthood. 'Heavy binge' drinking occurred in adolescence and young adulthood for 9% (8% to 10%); 8% (7% to 10%) reported it in adolescence but no longer in young adulthood; and 24% (22% to 26%) began 'heavy binge' drinking in young adulthood. Among adolescent binge drinkers (n=821), young adult binge and heavy binge drinking were predicted by being male, adolescent antisocial behaviour and adverse consequences of drinking in adolescence.

Conclusions: Binge alcohol use is common and persistent among young Australians. Efforts to prevent the onset of binge drinking during adolescence may substantially reduce harmful patterns of alcohol use in young adulthood.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(A) Levels of past week binge alcohol use among males and females (5 or more standard drinks on a day in the past week) by age. (B) Levels of past week ‘heavy binge’ alcohol use among males and females (11 or more standard drinks on a day in the past week for females, 20 or more for males) by age.
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BMJOPEN2013003015F2: (A) Levels of past week binge alcohol use among males and females (5 or more standard drinks on a day in the past week) by age. (B) Levels of past week ‘heavy binge’ alcohol use among males and females (11 or more standard drinks on a day in the past week for females, 20 or more for males) by age.

Mentions: Past-week binge drinking (5+ standard drinks of 10 g alcohol on a day) across adolescence (figure 2A) increased in males from 14.4% in wave 2 (mean age 15.5 years) to 31.1% in wave 6 (17.4 years) and in females from 7.6% to 15.0%. Persistent adolescent past-week binge drinking (across 2+ adolescent waves) was reported by one in three males (31.8%) and one in seven females (15.3%; table 1). In the adult waves, the prevalence of binge drinking was higher for males and females than in the adolescent phase and levels consumed by males were higher than those by females. In adulthood (table 1 and figure 2A), over 80% of males reported binge drinking on at least one adult wave and more than half of the females did so. Six in 10 (59.1%) males and one in four (24.5%) females reported binge drinking across multiple adult waves (table 1).


The persistence of adolescent binge drinking into adulthood: findings from a 15-year prospective cohort study.

Degenhardt L, O'Loughlin C, Swift W, Romaniuk H, Carlin J, Coffey C, Hall W, Patton G - BMJ Open (2013)

(A) Levels of past week binge alcohol use among males and females (5 or more standard drinks on a day in the past week) by age. (B) Levels of past week ‘heavy binge’ alcohol use among males and females (11 or more standard drinks on a day in the past week for females, 20 or more for males) by age.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3753516&req=5

BMJOPEN2013003015F2: (A) Levels of past week binge alcohol use among males and females (5 or more standard drinks on a day in the past week) by age. (B) Levels of past week ‘heavy binge’ alcohol use among males and females (11 or more standard drinks on a day in the past week for females, 20 or more for males) by age.
Mentions: Past-week binge drinking (5+ standard drinks of 10 g alcohol on a day) across adolescence (figure 2A) increased in males from 14.4% in wave 2 (mean age 15.5 years) to 31.1% in wave 6 (17.4 years) and in females from 7.6% to 15.0%. Persistent adolescent past-week binge drinking (across 2+ adolescent waves) was reported by one in three males (31.8%) and one in seven females (15.3%; table 1). In the adult waves, the prevalence of binge drinking was higher for males and females than in the adolescent phase and levels consumed by males were higher than those by females. In adulthood (table 1 and figure 2A), over 80% of males reported binge drinking on at least one adult wave and more than half of the females did so. Six in 10 (59.1%) males and one in four (24.5%) females reported binge drinking across multiple adult waves (table 1).

Bottom Line: Victoria, Australia. 1943 adolescents were recruited from secondary schools at age 14-15 years.Levels of past-week 'binge' drinking (5+ standard drinks on a day, each 10 g alcohol) and 'heavy binge' drinking (20+ standard drinks on a day for males, 11+ for females) were assessed during six adolescent waves, and across three adult waves up to age 29 years.Past-week heavy bingeing was less common in adolescence than adulthood.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To examine the prevalence of binge drinking in adolescence and its persistence into adulthood in an Australian cohort.

Design: 15-year prospective cohort study.

Setting: Victoria, Australia.

Participants: 1943 adolescents were recruited from secondary schools at age 14-15 years.

Primary outcome measures: Levels of past-week 'binge' drinking (5+ standard drinks on a day, each 10 g alcohol) and 'heavy binge' drinking (20+ standard drinks on a day for males, 11+ for females) were assessed during six adolescent waves, and across three adult waves up to age 29 years.

Results: Half of the males (52%) and a third of the females (34%) reported past-week adolescent binge drinking. 90% of male and 70% of female adolescent-onset binge drinkers continued to binge in young adulthood; 70% of males and 48% of females who were not adolescent-onset binge drinkers reported young adult binge drinking. Past-week heavy bingeing was less common in adolescence than adulthood. Overall, 35% of the sample (95% CI 33% to 38%) reported past-week binge drinking in adolescence and young adulthood and one-third (33%; 30% to 35%) first reported binge drinking in young adulthood; only 7% of the sample (6-8%) had binge drinking in adolescence but not young adulthood. 'Heavy binge' drinking occurred in adolescence and young adulthood for 9% (8% to 10%); 8% (7% to 10%) reported it in adolescence but no longer in young adulthood; and 24% (22% to 26%) began 'heavy binge' drinking in young adulthood. Among adolescent binge drinkers (n=821), young adult binge and heavy binge drinking were predicted by being male, adolescent antisocial behaviour and adverse consequences of drinking in adolescence.

Conclusions: Binge alcohol use is common and persistent among young Australians. Efforts to prevent the onset of binge drinking during adolescence may substantially reduce harmful patterns of alcohol use in young adulthood.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus