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Evaluation of a subject specific dual-transmit approach for improving B1 field homogeneity in cardiovascular magnetic resonance at 3T.

Krishnamurthy R, Pednekar A, Kouwenhoven M, Cheong B, Muthupillai R - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2013)

Bottom Line: Local RF shimming across the region encompassed by the heart increased the mean flip angle (μ) in that area (88.5 ± 15.2% vs. 81.2 ± 13.3%; P = 0.0014), reduced the B1 field variation by 42.2 ± 13%, and significantly improved the percentage of voxels closer to μ (39% and 82% more voxels were closer to ± 10% and ± 5% of μ, respectively) when compared with no RF shimming.With or without RF shimming, cardiac B1 field homogeneity does not depend on body type, as characterized by BMI, BSA, and AP/RL.For all body types studied, cardiac B1 field homogeneity was significantly improved by performing local RF shimming with 2 independent RF-transmit channels.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Texas Heart Institute at St, Luke's Episcopal Hospital, 6720 Bertner Avenue, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Radiofrequency (RF) shading artifacts degrade image quality while performing cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) at higher field strengths. In this article, we sought to evaluate the effect of local RF (B1 field) shimming by using a dual-source-transmit RF system for cardiac cine imaging and to systematically evaluate the effect of subject body type on the B1 field with and without local RF shimming.

Methods: We obtained cardiac images from 37 subjects (including 11 patients) by using dual-transmit 3T CMR. B1 maps with and without subject-specific local RF shimming (exploiting the independent control of transmit amplitude and phase of the 2 RF transmitters) were obtained. Metrics quantifying B1 field homogeneity were calculated and compared with subject body habitus.

Results: Local RF shimming across the region encompassed by the heart increased the mean flip angle (μ) in that area (88.5 ± 15.2% vs. 81.2 ± 13.3%; P = 0.0014), reduced the B1 field variation by 42.2 ± 13%, and significantly improved the percentage of voxels closer to μ (39% and 82% more voxels were closer to ± 10% and ± 5% of μ, respectively) when compared with no RF shimming. B1 homogeneity was independent of subject body type (body surface area [BSA], body mass index [BMI] or anterior-posterior/right-left patient width ratio [AP/RL]). Subject specific RF (B1) shimming with a dual-transmit system improved local RF homogeneity across all body types.

Conclusion: With or without RF shimming, cardiac B1 field homogeneity does not depend on body type, as characterized by BMI, BSA, and AP/RL. For all body types studied, cardiac B1 field homogeneity was significantly improved by performing local RF shimming with 2 independent RF-transmit channels. This finding indicates the need for subject-specific RF shimming.

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Cumulative histogram plottingthe total number of voxels that fall within a given range from the mean flip angle in the selected region of interest (ROI). The dotted vertical lines indicate the ± 5% and ± 10% limits. In the case of subject-specific local radiofrequency (RF) shimming, 88 ± 12% of the voxels inside the ROI fall within ± 10% of the mean value. This value decreases significantly when no RF shim is used. Abs, absolute; W/o, without.
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Figure 6: Cumulative histogram plottingthe total number of voxels that fall within a given range from the mean flip angle in the selected region of interest (ROI). The dotted vertical lines indicate the ± 5% and ± 10% limits. In the case of subject-specific local radiofrequency (RF) shimming, 88 ± 12% of the voxels inside the ROI fall within ± 10% of the mean value. This value decreases significantly when no RF shim is used. Abs, absolute; W/o, without.

Mentions: 4. With local RF shimming, 88 ± 12% of the voxels within the ROI fallwithin ± 10% of the mean flip angle, and 60 ± 16% of the voxels fallwithin ± 5% of that angle (Figure 6). In comparison, without RF shimming, the respective values were 65 ± 14% and 35 ± 12%. This resulted in an increase of 39 ± 28% in the number of voxels that fell within ± 10% of the mean flip angle and an increase of 82 ± 66% in the number of voxels that fell within ± 5% of that angle. This difference is significant (P < 0.0001 in both cases; paired Student t test).


Evaluation of a subject specific dual-transmit approach for improving B1 field homogeneity in cardiovascular magnetic resonance at 3T.

Krishnamurthy R, Pednekar A, Kouwenhoven M, Cheong B, Muthupillai R - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2013)

Cumulative histogram plottingthe total number of voxels that fall within a given range from the mean flip angle in the selected region of interest (ROI). The dotted vertical lines indicate the ± 5% and ± 10% limits. In the case of subject-specific local radiofrequency (RF) shimming, 88 ± 12% of the voxels inside the ROI fall within ± 10% of the mean value. This value decreases significantly when no RF shim is used. Abs, absolute; W/o, without.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3750927&req=5

Figure 6: Cumulative histogram plottingthe total number of voxels that fall within a given range from the mean flip angle in the selected region of interest (ROI). The dotted vertical lines indicate the ± 5% and ± 10% limits. In the case of subject-specific local radiofrequency (RF) shimming, 88 ± 12% of the voxels inside the ROI fall within ± 10% of the mean value. This value decreases significantly when no RF shim is used. Abs, absolute; W/o, without.
Mentions: 4. With local RF shimming, 88 ± 12% of the voxels within the ROI fallwithin ± 10% of the mean flip angle, and 60 ± 16% of the voxels fallwithin ± 5% of that angle (Figure 6). In comparison, without RF shimming, the respective values were 65 ± 14% and 35 ± 12%. This resulted in an increase of 39 ± 28% in the number of voxels that fell within ± 10% of the mean flip angle and an increase of 82 ± 66% in the number of voxels that fell within ± 5% of that angle. This difference is significant (P < 0.0001 in both cases; paired Student t test).

Bottom Line: Local RF shimming across the region encompassed by the heart increased the mean flip angle (μ) in that area (88.5 ± 15.2% vs. 81.2 ± 13.3%; P = 0.0014), reduced the B1 field variation by 42.2 ± 13%, and significantly improved the percentage of voxels closer to μ (39% and 82% more voxels were closer to ± 10% and ± 5% of μ, respectively) when compared with no RF shimming.With or without RF shimming, cardiac B1 field homogeneity does not depend on body type, as characterized by BMI, BSA, and AP/RL.For all body types studied, cardiac B1 field homogeneity was significantly improved by performing local RF shimming with 2 independent RF-transmit channels.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Texas Heart Institute at St, Luke's Episcopal Hospital, 6720 Bertner Avenue, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Radiofrequency (RF) shading artifacts degrade image quality while performing cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) at higher field strengths. In this article, we sought to evaluate the effect of local RF (B1 field) shimming by using a dual-source-transmit RF system for cardiac cine imaging and to systematically evaluate the effect of subject body type on the B1 field with and without local RF shimming.

Methods: We obtained cardiac images from 37 subjects (including 11 patients) by using dual-transmit 3T CMR. B1 maps with and without subject-specific local RF shimming (exploiting the independent control of transmit amplitude and phase of the 2 RF transmitters) were obtained. Metrics quantifying B1 field homogeneity were calculated and compared with subject body habitus.

Results: Local RF shimming across the region encompassed by the heart increased the mean flip angle (μ) in that area (88.5 ± 15.2% vs. 81.2 ± 13.3%; P = 0.0014), reduced the B1 field variation by 42.2 ± 13%, and significantly improved the percentage of voxels closer to μ (39% and 82% more voxels were closer to ± 10% and ± 5% of μ, respectively) when compared with no RF shimming. B1 homogeneity was independent of subject body type (body surface area [BSA], body mass index [BMI] or anterior-posterior/right-left patient width ratio [AP/RL]). Subject specific RF (B1) shimming with a dual-transmit system improved local RF homogeneity across all body types.

Conclusion: With or without RF shimming, cardiac B1 field homogeneity does not depend on body type, as characterized by BMI, BSA, and AP/RL. For all body types studied, cardiac B1 field homogeneity was significantly improved by performing local RF shimming with 2 independent RF-transmit channels. This finding indicates the need for subject-specific RF shimming.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus