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A sparse-projection computed tomography reconstruction method for in vivo application of in-line phase-contrast imaging.

Wang L, Li X, Wu M, Zhang L, Luo S - Biomed Eng Online (2013)

Bottom Line: In recent years, X-ray phase-contrast imaging techniques have been extensively studied to visualize weakly absorbing objects.Combined with computed tomography (CT), phase-contrast CT can produce 3D volumetric images of samples.To date, the most common reconstruction method for phase-contrast X-ray CT imaging has been filtered back projection (FBP).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Biomedical Engineering, Capital Medical University, You An Men, Beijing 100069, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT

Background: In recent years, X-ray phase-contrast imaging techniques have been extensively studied to visualize weakly absorbing objects. One of the most popular methods for phase-contrast imaging is in-line phase-contrast imaging (ILPCI). Combined with computed tomography (CT), phase-contrast CT can produce 3D volumetric images of samples. To date, the most common reconstruction method for phase-contrast X-ray CT imaging has been filtered back projection (FBP). However, because of the impact of respiration, lung slices cannot be reconstructed in vivo for a mouse using this method. Methods for reducing the radiation dose and the sampling time must also be considered.

Methods: This paper proposes a novel method of in vivo mouse lung in-line phase-contrast imaging that has two primary improvements compared with recent methods: 1) using a compressed sensing (CS) theory-based CT reconstruction method for the in vivo in-line phase-contrast imaging application and 2) using the breathing phase extraction method to address the lung and rib cage movement caused by a live mouse's breathing.

Results: Experiments were performed to test the breathing phase extraction method as applied to the lung and rib cage movement of a live mouse. Results with a live mouse specimen demonstrate that our method can reconstruct images of in vivo mouse lung.

Conclusions: The results demonstrate that our method could deal with vivo mouse's breathing and movements, meanwhile, using less sampling data than FBP while maintaining the same high quality.

Show MeSH
Respiratory phase images extracted at different angles. These images are called projection image which are taken at different angle from 1° to 180° and there are 180 images to be aligned.
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Figure 4: Respiratory phase images extracted at different angles. These images are called projection image which are taken at different angle from 1° to 180° and there are 180 images to be aligned.

Mentions: Alignment of images taken at different angles is the next step. As shown in Figure 4, images taken at different angles have similar covariant characteristics if the pixels in the two images that correspond to the partial image region satisfying the following mapping:


A sparse-projection computed tomography reconstruction method for in vivo application of in-line phase-contrast imaging.

Wang L, Li X, Wu M, Zhang L, Luo S - Biomed Eng Online (2013)

Respiratory phase images extracted at different angles. These images are called projection image which are taken at different angle from 1° to 180° and there are 180 images to be aligned.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3750831&req=5

Figure 4: Respiratory phase images extracted at different angles. These images are called projection image which are taken at different angle from 1° to 180° and there are 180 images to be aligned.
Mentions: Alignment of images taken at different angles is the next step. As shown in Figure 4, images taken at different angles have similar covariant characteristics if the pixels in the two images that correspond to the partial image region satisfying the following mapping:

Bottom Line: In recent years, X-ray phase-contrast imaging techniques have been extensively studied to visualize weakly absorbing objects.Combined with computed tomography (CT), phase-contrast CT can produce 3D volumetric images of samples.To date, the most common reconstruction method for phase-contrast X-ray CT imaging has been filtered back projection (FBP).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Biomedical Engineering, Capital Medical University, You An Men, Beijing 100069, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT

Background: In recent years, X-ray phase-contrast imaging techniques have been extensively studied to visualize weakly absorbing objects. One of the most popular methods for phase-contrast imaging is in-line phase-contrast imaging (ILPCI). Combined with computed tomography (CT), phase-contrast CT can produce 3D volumetric images of samples. To date, the most common reconstruction method for phase-contrast X-ray CT imaging has been filtered back projection (FBP). However, because of the impact of respiration, lung slices cannot be reconstructed in vivo for a mouse using this method. Methods for reducing the radiation dose and the sampling time must also be considered.

Methods: This paper proposes a novel method of in vivo mouse lung in-line phase-contrast imaging that has two primary improvements compared with recent methods: 1) using a compressed sensing (CS) theory-based CT reconstruction method for the in vivo in-line phase-contrast imaging application and 2) using the breathing phase extraction method to address the lung and rib cage movement caused by a live mouse's breathing.

Results: Experiments were performed to test the breathing phase extraction method as applied to the lung and rib cage movement of a live mouse. Results with a live mouse specimen demonstrate that our method can reconstruct images of in vivo mouse lung.

Conclusions: The results demonstrate that our method could deal with vivo mouse's breathing and movements, meanwhile, using less sampling data than FBP while maintaining the same high quality.

Show MeSH