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The role of chest ultrasonography in the management of respiratory diseases: document I.

Zanforlin A, Giannuzzi R, Nardini S, Testa A, Soldati G, Copetti R, Marchetti G, Valente S, Inchingolo R, Smargiassi A - Multidiscip Respir Med (2013)

Bottom Line: It can be used to complete and widen the general objective examination also in emergency situations, at the patient's bedside.The aim of this document is to promote better knowledge and more widespread use of thoracic ultrasound among respiratory physicians in Italy.This document I is focused on basic knowledge of chest ultrasonography technique, physical basis, aims and characteristics, fields of application.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Pulmonary Medicine Department, UniversitàCattolica del SacroCuore, University Hospital "A, Gemelli", Roma, Italy. smargiassi.a@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT
Chest ultrasonography can be a useful diagnostic tool for respiratory physicians. It can be used to complete and widen the general objective examination also in emergency situations, at the patient's bedside. The aim of this document is to promote better knowledge and more widespread use of thoracic ultrasound among respiratory physicians in Italy. This document I is focused on basic knowledge of chest ultrasonography technique, physical basis, aims and characteristics, fields of application. Document I shows how chest ultrasonography can be useful to detect and monitor pleural diseases, pleural effusions and pneumothorax and how it can assess diaphragmatic kinetics and pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Collateral findings in the diagnosis of pleural effusion: on the left, nodulations of the diaphragmatic profile; on the right, hypoechogenic nodules in the collapsed lung parenchyma.
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Figure 4: Collateral findings in the diagnosis of pleural effusion: on the left, nodulations of the diaphragmatic profile; on the right, hypoechogenic nodules in the collapsed lung parenchyma.

Mentions: Pleural effusion renders the diaphragm and lung parenchyma visible, making it possible to describe eventual collateral findings that can provide useful indications about the nature of the effusion itself: on the diaphragm profile there may be present nodules or growths, indicative in general of neoplastic disease. From the collapsed lung parenchyma one can obtain information on its state of aeration (if hyperechogenic spots are present they indicate the presence of air), on perfusion (by echo Doppler testing with the correct inclination of the probe it is sometimes possible to see pulsing the main branches of the pulmonary circuit) or nodules can be “unmasked” within it (Figure 4).


The role of chest ultrasonography in the management of respiratory diseases: document I.

Zanforlin A, Giannuzzi R, Nardini S, Testa A, Soldati G, Copetti R, Marchetti G, Valente S, Inchingolo R, Smargiassi A - Multidiscip Respir Med (2013)

Collateral findings in the diagnosis of pleural effusion: on the left, nodulations of the diaphragmatic profile; on the right, hypoechogenic nodules in the collapsed lung parenchyma.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3750689&req=5

Figure 4: Collateral findings in the diagnosis of pleural effusion: on the left, nodulations of the diaphragmatic profile; on the right, hypoechogenic nodules in the collapsed lung parenchyma.
Mentions: Pleural effusion renders the diaphragm and lung parenchyma visible, making it possible to describe eventual collateral findings that can provide useful indications about the nature of the effusion itself: on the diaphragm profile there may be present nodules or growths, indicative in general of neoplastic disease. From the collapsed lung parenchyma one can obtain information on its state of aeration (if hyperechogenic spots are present they indicate the presence of air), on perfusion (by echo Doppler testing with the correct inclination of the probe it is sometimes possible to see pulsing the main branches of the pulmonary circuit) or nodules can be “unmasked” within it (Figure 4).

Bottom Line: It can be used to complete and widen the general objective examination also in emergency situations, at the patient's bedside.The aim of this document is to promote better knowledge and more widespread use of thoracic ultrasound among respiratory physicians in Italy.This document I is focused on basic knowledge of chest ultrasonography technique, physical basis, aims and characteristics, fields of application.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Pulmonary Medicine Department, UniversitàCattolica del SacroCuore, University Hospital "A, Gemelli", Roma, Italy. smargiassi.a@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT
Chest ultrasonography can be a useful diagnostic tool for respiratory physicians. It can be used to complete and widen the general objective examination also in emergency situations, at the patient's bedside. The aim of this document is to promote better knowledge and more widespread use of thoracic ultrasound among respiratory physicians in Italy. This document I is focused on basic knowledge of chest ultrasonography technique, physical basis, aims and characteristics, fields of application. Document I shows how chest ultrasonography can be useful to detect and monitor pleural diseases, pleural effusions and pneumothorax and how it can assess diaphragmatic kinetics and pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus