Limits...
Variability of antibiotic susceptibility and toxin production of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections.

Sina H, Ahoyo TA, Moussaoui W, Keller D, Bankolé HS, Barogui Y, Stienstra Y, Kotchoni SO, Prévost G, Baba-Moussa L - BMC Microbiol. (2013)

Bottom Line: Exfoliative toxin B was produced by 1.3% of the strains, and was only found in isolates from Buruli ulcers.The tsst-1, sec, and seh genes were rarely detected (≤1%).Our results showed that PVL was strongly associated with pyomyositis and osteomyelitis, and that there is a high prevalence of PVL-MRSA skin infections in Benin.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques/Université d'Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.

ABSTRACT

Background: Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic commensal bacterium that mostly colonizes the skin and soft tissues. The pathogenicity of S. aureus is due to both its ability to resist antibiotics, and the production of toxins. Here, we characterize a group of genes responsible for toxin production and antibiotic resistance of S. aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections.

Results: A total of 136 S. aureus strains were collected from five different types of infection: furuncles, pyomyositis, abscesses, Buruli ulcers, and osteomyelitis, from hospital admissions and out-patients in Benin. All strains were resistant to benzyl penicillin, while 25% were resistant to methicillin, and all showed sensitivity to vancomycin. Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) was the most commonly produced virulence factor (70%), followed by staphylococcal enterotoxin B (44%). Exfoliative toxin B was produced by 1.3% of the strains, and was only found in isolates from Buruli ulcers. The tsst-1, sec, and seh genes were rarely detected (≤1%).

Conclusions: This study provides new insight into the prevalence of toxin and antibiotic resistance genes in S. aureus strains responsible for skin, soft tissue, and bone infections. Our results showed that PVL was strongly associated with pyomyositis and osteomyelitis, and that there is a high prevalence of PVL-MRSA skin infections in Benin.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Effect of Methicillin resistance on the encoding toxins genes presence. PVL: Panton-Valentine Leukocidin; ETA: Exfoliative Toxin A; ETB: Exfoliative Toxin B; SEA: staphylococcal enterotoxin A; SEB: staphylococcal enterotoxin B; SEC: staphylococcal enterotoxin C; SED: staphylococcal enterotoxin D; SEE: staphylococcal enterotoxin E; SEG: staphylococcal enterotoxin G; SEH: staphylococcal enterotoxin H; SEI: staphylococcal enterotoxin I; TSST: Toxic-shock syndrome Toxin. Means ± standard deviations (SD) for three experiments are given. ***: P˂0.001; the other differences were not statistically significant (P˃0.05).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3750628&req=5

Figure 5: Effect of Methicillin resistance on the encoding toxins genes presence. PVL: Panton-Valentine Leukocidin; ETA: Exfoliative Toxin A; ETB: Exfoliative Toxin B; SEA: staphylococcal enterotoxin A; SEB: staphylococcal enterotoxin B; SEC: staphylococcal enterotoxin C; SED: staphylococcal enterotoxin D; SEE: staphylococcal enterotoxin E; SEG: staphylococcal enterotoxin G; SEH: staphylococcal enterotoxin H; SEI: staphylococcal enterotoxin I; TSST: Toxic-shock syndrome Toxin. Means ± standard deviations (SD) for three experiments are given. ***: P˂0.001; the other differences were not statistically significant (P˃0.05).

Mentions: There was a significant difference in the production and/or the presence of genes encoding the 12 toxins (p < 0.0001). Thus, a significant number of strains (70.0%) were capable of producing PVL, followed by the production of staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) (44.3%). None of the strains contained the genes responsible for exfoliative toxin B (ETB) or staphylococcal enterotoxin D (SED) production, while the ability to produce staphylococcal enterotoxins C and E (SEC, SEE), as well as the toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST), was detected in <1% of strains (Figure 3). The observed difference was related to the origin of the S. aureus strains. PVL was the most commonly produced toxin, regardless of the origin of the strains (Figure 4). PVL toxin was particularly prevalent in strains isolated from furuncles (89.5%) and pymyositis patients (89.2%). Other toxins were produced in various proportions depending on the origin of the strain (p < 0.0001). There was a significant difference in the detection of genes encoding toxins in MRSA strains (Figure 5).


Variability of antibiotic susceptibility and toxin production of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections.

Sina H, Ahoyo TA, Moussaoui W, Keller D, Bankolé HS, Barogui Y, Stienstra Y, Kotchoni SO, Prévost G, Baba-Moussa L - BMC Microbiol. (2013)

Effect of Methicillin resistance on the encoding toxins genes presence. PVL: Panton-Valentine Leukocidin; ETA: Exfoliative Toxin A; ETB: Exfoliative Toxin B; SEA: staphylococcal enterotoxin A; SEB: staphylococcal enterotoxin B; SEC: staphylococcal enterotoxin C; SED: staphylococcal enterotoxin D; SEE: staphylococcal enterotoxin E; SEG: staphylococcal enterotoxin G; SEH: staphylococcal enterotoxin H; SEI: staphylococcal enterotoxin I; TSST: Toxic-shock syndrome Toxin. Means ± standard deviations (SD) for three experiments are given. ***: P˂0.001; the other differences were not statistically significant (P˃0.05).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3750628&req=5

Figure 5: Effect of Methicillin resistance on the encoding toxins genes presence. PVL: Panton-Valentine Leukocidin; ETA: Exfoliative Toxin A; ETB: Exfoliative Toxin B; SEA: staphylococcal enterotoxin A; SEB: staphylococcal enterotoxin B; SEC: staphylococcal enterotoxin C; SED: staphylococcal enterotoxin D; SEE: staphylococcal enterotoxin E; SEG: staphylococcal enterotoxin G; SEH: staphylococcal enterotoxin H; SEI: staphylococcal enterotoxin I; TSST: Toxic-shock syndrome Toxin. Means ± standard deviations (SD) for three experiments are given. ***: P˂0.001; the other differences were not statistically significant (P˃0.05).
Mentions: There was a significant difference in the production and/or the presence of genes encoding the 12 toxins (p < 0.0001). Thus, a significant number of strains (70.0%) were capable of producing PVL, followed by the production of staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) (44.3%). None of the strains contained the genes responsible for exfoliative toxin B (ETB) or staphylococcal enterotoxin D (SED) production, while the ability to produce staphylococcal enterotoxins C and E (SEC, SEE), as well as the toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST), was detected in <1% of strains (Figure 3). The observed difference was related to the origin of the S. aureus strains. PVL was the most commonly produced toxin, regardless of the origin of the strains (Figure 4). PVL toxin was particularly prevalent in strains isolated from furuncles (89.5%) and pymyositis patients (89.2%). Other toxins were produced in various proportions depending on the origin of the strain (p < 0.0001). There was a significant difference in the detection of genes encoding toxins in MRSA strains (Figure 5).

Bottom Line: Exfoliative toxin B was produced by 1.3% of the strains, and was only found in isolates from Buruli ulcers.The tsst-1, sec, and seh genes were rarely detected (≤1%).Our results showed that PVL was strongly associated with pyomyositis and osteomyelitis, and that there is a high prevalence of PVL-MRSA skin infections in Benin.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques/Université d'Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.

ABSTRACT

Background: Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic commensal bacterium that mostly colonizes the skin and soft tissues. The pathogenicity of S. aureus is due to both its ability to resist antibiotics, and the production of toxins. Here, we characterize a group of genes responsible for toxin production and antibiotic resistance of S. aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections.

Results: A total of 136 S. aureus strains were collected from five different types of infection: furuncles, pyomyositis, abscesses, Buruli ulcers, and osteomyelitis, from hospital admissions and out-patients in Benin. All strains were resistant to benzyl penicillin, while 25% were resistant to methicillin, and all showed sensitivity to vancomycin. Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) was the most commonly produced virulence factor (70%), followed by staphylococcal enterotoxin B (44%). Exfoliative toxin B was produced by 1.3% of the strains, and was only found in isolates from Buruli ulcers. The tsst-1, sec, and seh genes were rarely detected (≤1%).

Conclusions: This study provides new insight into the prevalence of toxin and antibiotic resistance genes in S. aureus strains responsible for skin, soft tissue, and bone infections. Our results showed that PVL was strongly associated with pyomyositis and osteomyelitis, and that there is a high prevalence of PVL-MRSA skin infections in Benin.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus