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Variability of antibiotic susceptibility and toxin production of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections.

Sina H, Ahoyo TA, Moussaoui W, Keller D, Bankolé HS, Barogui Y, Stienstra Y, Kotchoni SO, Prévost G, Baba-Moussa L - BMC Microbiol. (2013)

Bottom Line: Exfoliative toxin B was produced by 1.3% of the strains, and was only found in isolates from Buruli ulcers.The tsst-1, sec, and seh genes were rarely detected (≤1%).Our results showed that PVL was strongly associated with pyomyositis and osteomyelitis, and that there is a high prevalence of PVL-MRSA skin infections in Benin.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques/Université d'Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.

ABSTRACT

Background: Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic commensal bacterium that mostly colonizes the skin and soft tissues. The pathogenicity of S. aureus is due to both its ability to resist antibiotics, and the production of toxins. Here, we characterize a group of genes responsible for toxin production and antibiotic resistance of S. aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections.

Results: A total of 136 S. aureus strains were collected from five different types of infection: furuncles, pyomyositis, abscesses, Buruli ulcers, and osteomyelitis, from hospital admissions and out-patients in Benin. All strains were resistant to benzyl penicillin, while 25% were resistant to methicillin, and all showed sensitivity to vancomycin. Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) was the most commonly produced virulence factor (70%), followed by staphylococcal enterotoxin B (44%). Exfoliative toxin B was produced by 1.3% of the strains, and was only found in isolates from Buruli ulcers. The tsst-1, sec, and seh genes were rarely detected (≤1%).

Conclusions: This study provides new insight into the prevalence of toxin and antibiotic resistance genes in S. aureus strains responsible for skin, soft tissue, and bone infections. Our results showed that PVL was strongly associated with pyomyositis and osteomyelitis, and that there is a high prevalence of PVL-MRSA skin infections in Benin.

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Global Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from primary and secondary infections resistance profile to 22 antibiotics. Benzyl penicillin (BP), oxacillin (Ox), cefoxitin screen (Cef), gentamicin (Gen), tobramycin (Tob), kanamycin (Kan), vancomycin (Van), teicoplanin (Tei), fusidic acid (FA), fosfomycin (Fos), rifampicin (Rif), trimethopim/sulfamethoxazole (T/Sul), erythromycin (Ery), lincomycin (Lin), pristinamycin (Pri), linezolid (Line), tetracyclin (Tet).
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Figure 1: Global Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from primary and secondary infections resistance profile to 22 antibiotics. Benzyl penicillin (BP), oxacillin (Ox), cefoxitin screen (Cef), gentamicin (Gen), tobramycin (Tob), kanamycin (Kan), vancomycin (Van), teicoplanin (Tei), fusidic acid (FA), fosfomycin (Fos), rifampicin (Rif), trimethopim/sulfamethoxazole (T/Sul), erythromycin (Ery), lincomycin (Lin), pristinamycin (Pri), linezolid (Line), tetracyclin (Tet).

Mentions: There was a wide range in the susceptibility of the isolates to the various antibiotics examined. All of the strains were resistant to benzyl penicillin, while other antibiotics (vancomycin, fusidic acid, fosfomycin, and linezolid) were active against some of the strains (Figure 1).


Variability of antibiotic susceptibility and toxin production of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections.

Sina H, Ahoyo TA, Moussaoui W, Keller D, Bankolé HS, Barogui Y, Stienstra Y, Kotchoni SO, Prévost G, Baba-Moussa L - BMC Microbiol. (2013)

Global Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from primary and secondary infections resistance profile to 22 antibiotics. Benzyl penicillin (BP), oxacillin (Ox), cefoxitin screen (Cef), gentamicin (Gen), tobramycin (Tob), kanamycin (Kan), vancomycin (Van), teicoplanin (Tei), fusidic acid (FA), fosfomycin (Fos), rifampicin (Rif), trimethopim/sulfamethoxazole (T/Sul), erythromycin (Ery), lincomycin (Lin), pristinamycin (Pri), linezolid (Line), tetracyclin (Tet).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3750628&req=5

Figure 1: Global Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from primary and secondary infections resistance profile to 22 antibiotics. Benzyl penicillin (BP), oxacillin (Ox), cefoxitin screen (Cef), gentamicin (Gen), tobramycin (Tob), kanamycin (Kan), vancomycin (Van), teicoplanin (Tei), fusidic acid (FA), fosfomycin (Fos), rifampicin (Rif), trimethopim/sulfamethoxazole (T/Sul), erythromycin (Ery), lincomycin (Lin), pristinamycin (Pri), linezolid (Line), tetracyclin (Tet).
Mentions: There was a wide range in the susceptibility of the isolates to the various antibiotics examined. All of the strains were resistant to benzyl penicillin, while other antibiotics (vancomycin, fusidic acid, fosfomycin, and linezolid) were active against some of the strains (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Exfoliative toxin B was produced by 1.3% of the strains, and was only found in isolates from Buruli ulcers.The tsst-1, sec, and seh genes were rarely detected (≤1%).Our results showed that PVL was strongly associated with pyomyositis and osteomyelitis, and that there is a high prevalence of PVL-MRSA skin infections in Benin.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques/Université d'Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.

ABSTRACT

Background: Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic commensal bacterium that mostly colonizes the skin and soft tissues. The pathogenicity of S. aureus is due to both its ability to resist antibiotics, and the production of toxins. Here, we characterize a group of genes responsible for toxin production and antibiotic resistance of S. aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections.

Results: A total of 136 S. aureus strains were collected from five different types of infection: furuncles, pyomyositis, abscesses, Buruli ulcers, and osteomyelitis, from hospital admissions and out-patients in Benin. All strains were resistant to benzyl penicillin, while 25% were resistant to methicillin, and all showed sensitivity to vancomycin. Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) was the most commonly produced virulence factor (70%), followed by staphylococcal enterotoxin B (44%). Exfoliative toxin B was produced by 1.3% of the strains, and was only found in isolates from Buruli ulcers. The tsst-1, sec, and seh genes were rarely detected (≤1%).

Conclusions: This study provides new insight into the prevalence of toxin and antibiotic resistance genes in S. aureus strains responsible for skin, soft tissue, and bone infections. Our results showed that PVL was strongly associated with pyomyositis and osteomyelitis, and that there is a high prevalence of PVL-MRSA skin infections in Benin.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus