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Placental growth factor may predict increased left ventricular mass index in patients with mild to moderate chronic kidney disease--a prospective observational study.

Peiskerová M, Kalousová M, Danzig V, Míková B, Hodková M, Němeček E, Bani-Hani A, Ambrož D, Benáková H, Linhart A, Zima T, Tesař V - BMC Nephrol (2013)

Bottom Line: Mean follow-up was 36 ±10 months.Multivariate regression analysis was used to detect independent correlations of variables.Following independent correlations were found: LVMI was related to PlGF, cholesterol, BNP, systolic blood pressure and serum creatinine.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nephrology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. mpeiskerova@seznam.cz

ABSTRACT

Background: Placental growth factor [PlGF) is a cardiovascular (CV) risk marker, which is related to left ventricle hypertrophy (LVH) in animal models. Currently there are no data available regarding the possible relationship of PlGF and the development of LVH or diastolic dysfunction in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the relationship of PlGF to other CV risk factors in CKD patients. The aim of our study was to determine the possible association of PlGF and several other CV risk markers to echocardiographic parameters in CKD population.

Methods: We prospectively examined selected laboratory (PlGF, fibroblast growth factor-23 -FGF23, vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, extracellular newly identified RAGE-binding protein - EN-RAGE, B-type natriuretic peptide - BNP) and echocardiographic parameters in 62 patients with CKD 2-4. Mean follow-up was 36 ±10 months. Laboratory and echocardiographic data were collected 2-3 times, at the shortest interval of 12 months apart. Multivariate regression analysis was used to detect independent correlations of variables.

Results: Increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI, g/m2.7) was found in 29% patients with CKD 2-4, left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction was detected in 74.1% patients (impaired LV relaxation in 43.5% patients and pseudonormal pattern in 30.6% patients). After 36 ± 10 months increased LVMI was found in 37.1% patients with CKD 2-4, LV diastolic dysfunction was detected in 75.8% patients (impaired LV relaxation in 43.5% patients and pseudonormal pattern in 32.3% patients). Following independent correlations were found: LVMI was related to PlGF, cholesterol, BNP, systolic blood pressure and serum creatinine. EN-RAGE correlated positively with left atrial diameter and inversely with E/A ratio. During the follow-up we found a significant increase in LVMI and left atrial diameter, whereas a significant decrease in LVEF was noted.

Conclusion: According to our data, PlGF is independently related to increased LV mass in CKD, whereas EN-RAGE is more likely related to diastolic dysfunction in this population.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Correlation of PlGF levels to LV mass index (g/m2.7) r = 0.31, p < 0.02. Based on final data. PlGF: placental growth factor, LV: left ventricle.
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Figure 1: Correlation of PlGF levels to LV mass index (g/m2.7) r = 0.31, p < 0.02. Based on final data. PlGF: placental growth factor, LV: left ventricle.

Mentions: 3. Independent correlations of echocardiographic parameters, laboratory markers and blood pressure (Table3, Figure1).


Placental growth factor may predict increased left ventricular mass index in patients with mild to moderate chronic kidney disease--a prospective observational study.

Peiskerová M, Kalousová M, Danzig V, Míková B, Hodková M, Němeček E, Bani-Hani A, Ambrož D, Benáková H, Linhart A, Zima T, Tesař V - BMC Nephrol (2013)

Correlation of PlGF levels to LV mass index (g/m2.7) r = 0.31, p < 0.02. Based on final data. PlGF: placental growth factor, LV: left ventricle.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3750451&req=5

Figure 1: Correlation of PlGF levels to LV mass index (g/m2.7) r = 0.31, p < 0.02. Based on final data. PlGF: placental growth factor, LV: left ventricle.
Mentions: 3. Independent correlations of echocardiographic parameters, laboratory markers and blood pressure (Table3, Figure1).

Bottom Line: Mean follow-up was 36 ±10 months.Multivariate regression analysis was used to detect independent correlations of variables.Following independent correlations were found: LVMI was related to PlGF, cholesterol, BNP, systolic blood pressure and serum creatinine.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nephrology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. mpeiskerova@seznam.cz

ABSTRACT

Background: Placental growth factor [PlGF) is a cardiovascular (CV) risk marker, which is related to left ventricle hypertrophy (LVH) in animal models. Currently there are no data available regarding the possible relationship of PlGF and the development of LVH or diastolic dysfunction in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the relationship of PlGF to other CV risk factors in CKD patients. The aim of our study was to determine the possible association of PlGF and several other CV risk markers to echocardiographic parameters in CKD population.

Methods: We prospectively examined selected laboratory (PlGF, fibroblast growth factor-23 -FGF23, vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, extracellular newly identified RAGE-binding protein - EN-RAGE, B-type natriuretic peptide - BNP) and echocardiographic parameters in 62 patients with CKD 2-4. Mean follow-up was 36 ±10 months. Laboratory and echocardiographic data were collected 2-3 times, at the shortest interval of 12 months apart. Multivariate regression analysis was used to detect independent correlations of variables.

Results: Increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI, g/m2.7) was found in 29% patients with CKD 2-4, left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction was detected in 74.1% patients (impaired LV relaxation in 43.5% patients and pseudonormal pattern in 30.6% patients). After 36 ± 10 months increased LVMI was found in 37.1% patients with CKD 2-4, LV diastolic dysfunction was detected in 75.8% patients (impaired LV relaxation in 43.5% patients and pseudonormal pattern in 32.3% patients). Following independent correlations were found: LVMI was related to PlGF, cholesterol, BNP, systolic blood pressure and serum creatinine. EN-RAGE correlated positively with left atrial diameter and inversely with E/A ratio. During the follow-up we found a significant increase in LVMI and left atrial diameter, whereas a significant decrease in LVEF was noted.

Conclusion: According to our data, PlGF is independently related to increased LV mass in CKD, whereas EN-RAGE is more likely related to diastolic dysfunction in this population.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus