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Level of colorectal cancer awareness: a cross sectional exploratory study among multi-ethnic rural population in Malaysia.

Su TT, Goh JY, Tan J, Muhaimah AR, Pigeneswaren Y, Khairun NS, Normazidah AW, Tharisini DK, Majid HA - BMC Cancer (2013)

Bottom Line: Mean knowledge score for warning signs and risk factors were 2.89 (SD 2.96) and 3.49 (SD 3.17) respectively.There was a significant positive correlation between the knowledge score of warning signs and level of confidence in detecting a warning sign.Health education campaign is urgently needed because respondents would seek medical attention sooner if they are aware of this problem.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Population Health (CePH), Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia. tintinsu03@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Background: This paper presents the level of colorectal cancer awareness among multi-ethnic rural population in Malaysia.

Methods: A rural-based cross sectional survey was carried out in Perak state in Peninsular Malaysia in March 2011. The survey recruited a population-representative sample using multistage sampling. Altogether 2379 participants were included in this study. Validated bowel/colorectal cancer awareness measure questionnaire was used to assess the level of colorectal cancer awareness among study population. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was done to identify socio-demographic variance of knowledge score on warning signs and risk factors of colorectal cancer.

Results: Among respondents, 38% and 32% had zero knowledge score for warning signs and risk factors respectively. Mean knowledge score for warning signs and risk factors were 2.89 (SD 2.96) and 3.49 (SD 3.17) respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between the knowledge score of warning signs and level of confidence in detecting a warning sign. Socio-demographic characteristics and having cancer in family and friends play important role in level of awareness.

Conclusions: Level of awareness on colorectal cancer warning signs and risk factors in the rural population of Malaysia is very low. Therefore, it warrants an extensive health education campaign on colorectal cancer awareness as it is one of the commonest cancer in Malaysia. Health education campaign is urgently needed because respondents would seek medical attention sooner if they are aware of this problem.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Study flow chart for bowel cancer awareness measurement.
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Figure 1: Study flow chart for bowel cancer awareness measurement.

Mentions: The survey recruited a population-representative sample using multistage sampling. The five districts of the Perak state (Kampar, Kuala Kangsar, Taiping, Parit Buntar and Gerik) were selected. At the second stage, four villages were chosen per district. Both districts and villages were chosen purposively with discussion with state and district health offices. Finally, households were selected from villages with simple proportionate random sampling. From the village maps, the sampling frames were constructed by tagging every household with a serial number. Selection of households was done by using a computer generated random number table. A total number of 1250 households were included in the study (FigureĀ 1).


Level of colorectal cancer awareness: a cross sectional exploratory study among multi-ethnic rural population in Malaysia.

Su TT, Goh JY, Tan J, Muhaimah AR, Pigeneswaren Y, Khairun NS, Normazidah AW, Tharisini DK, Majid HA - BMC Cancer (2013)

Study flow chart for bowel cancer awareness measurement.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3750380&req=5

Figure 1: Study flow chart for bowel cancer awareness measurement.
Mentions: The survey recruited a population-representative sample using multistage sampling. The five districts of the Perak state (Kampar, Kuala Kangsar, Taiping, Parit Buntar and Gerik) were selected. At the second stage, four villages were chosen per district. Both districts and villages were chosen purposively with discussion with state and district health offices. Finally, households were selected from villages with simple proportionate random sampling. From the village maps, the sampling frames were constructed by tagging every household with a serial number. Selection of households was done by using a computer generated random number table. A total number of 1250 households were included in the study (FigureĀ 1).

Bottom Line: Mean knowledge score for warning signs and risk factors were 2.89 (SD 2.96) and 3.49 (SD 3.17) respectively.There was a significant positive correlation between the knowledge score of warning signs and level of confidence in detecting a warning sign.Health education campaign is urgently needed because respondents would seek medical attention sooner if they are aware of this problem.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Population Health (CePH), Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia. tintinsu03@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Background: This paper presents the level of colorectal cancer awareness among multi-ethnic rural population in Malaysia.

Methods: A rural-based cross sectional survey was carried out in Perak state in Peninsular Malaysia in March 2011. The survey recruited a population-representative sample using multistage sampling. Altogether 2379 participants were included in this study. Validated bowel/colorectal cancer awareness measure questionnaire was used to assess the level of colorectal cancer awareness among study population. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was done to identify socio-demographic variance of knowledge score on warning signs and risk factors of colorectal cancer.

Results: Among respondents, 38% and 32% had zero knowledge score for warning signs and risk factors respectively. Mean knowledge score for warning signs and risk factors were 2.89 (SD 2.96) and 3.49 (SD 3.17) respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between the knowledge score of warning signs and level of confidence in detecting a warning sign. Socio-demographic characteristics and having cancer in family and friends play important role in level of awareness.

Conclusions: Level of awareness on colorectal cancer warning signs and risk factors in the rural population of Malaysia is very low. Therefore, it warrants an extensive health education campaign on colorectal cancer awareness as it is one of the commonest cancer in Malaysia. Health education campaign is urgently needed because respondents would seek medical attention sooner if they are aware of this problem.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus