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The relationships between body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in young Australian men.

Liberato SC, Maple-Brown L, Bressan J, Hills AP - Nutr J (2013)

Bottom Line: It is a serious concern to observe such a high percentage of CV risk factors in a group of apparently healthy young men.The likelihood of multiple CV risk factors is greater among those with high body fatness and low MUFA intake.Intake of MUFA favorably affects CV risk factors regardless of the source.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia. selma.liberato@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a leading cause of global mortality. Despite clear evidence of the coexistence of several risk factors in young people as children and an understanding of the importance of the health behaviors in controlling CV disease, there are limited data on the relationships between risk factors and CV disease in young people. Therefore further study is required.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate associations among body composition, health behaviors and CV risk factors in young Australian men.

Methods: Thirty five healthy men aged 18-25 years had their blood pressure (BP), blood lipids, body composition, resting metabolic rate (RMR), physical activity, dietary intake and cardiorespiratory fitness assessed.

Results: Participants were categorised according to the percentage of body fat into two groups: lean and overweight men. There were no between-group differences in the biochemical indicators except that overweight men had lower HDL-C compared to lean men. Both groups had similar mean energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate and alcohol intake, RMR, physical activity level (PAL) and energy expenditure (EE). Most of the participants (65.7%) had LDL≥2.5 mmol/L. Other common individual risk factors were body fat≥20% (42.9%), waist circumference≥88 cm (28.6%), PAL<1.8 (22.9%) and systolic BP≥130 mmHg (20%). The mean number of CV risk factors was lower among men having a high intake of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA, >12% of the energy intake) regardless of whether they were overweight or lean and did not seem to differ according to the source of MUFA consumed.

Conclusions: It is a serious concern to observe such a high percentage of CV risk factors in a group of apparently healthy young men. The likelihood of multiple CV risk factors is greater among those with high body fatness and low MUFA intake. Intake of MUFA favorably affects CV risk factors regardless of the source.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Average number of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (including waist circumference>88 cm, physical activity level<1.8, diastolic blood pressure>130 mmHg or systolic blood pressure>85 mmHg, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio>3.0 and triglycerides>1.7 mmol/L) according to body fat (BF) percentage and source of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) dietary intake in 25 and 10 men consuming low plant/animal MUFA ratio (<1) and high plant/animal MUFA ratio (>1), respectively. A using % of body fat from DEXA to classify study participants into lean (20) or overweight (15) groups. B using % of body fat from DEXA/m2 to classify study participants into lean (18) or overweight (17) groups.
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Figure 2: Average number of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (including waist circumference>88 cm, physical activity level<1.8, diastolic blood pressure>130 mmHg or systolic blood pressure>85 mmHg, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio>3.0 and triglycerides>1.7 mmol/L) according to body fat (BF) percentage and source of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) dietary intake in 25 and 10 men consuming low plant/animal MUFA ratio (<1) and high plant/animal MUFA ratio (>1), respectively. A using % of body fat from DEXA to classify study participants into lean (20) or overweight (15) groups. B using % of body fat from DEXA/m2 to classify study participants into lean (18) or overweight (17) groups.

Mentions: Using percentage of body fat to classify study participants into lean and overweight groups, the mean number of CV risk factors was comparable between both participants consuming MUFA mainly from plant foods (plant/animal MUFA ratio>1) and participants consuming MUFA mainly from animal foods (plant/animal MUFA ratio<1) regardless of whether they were overweight or lean (Figure 2A). Same findings were observed using %body fat/m2 to classify the study participants into adiposity levels (Figure 2B).


The relationships between body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in young Australian men.

Liberato SC, Maple-Brown L, Bressan J, Hills AP - Nutr J (2013)

Average number of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (including waist circumference>88 cm, physical activity level<1.8, diastolic blood pressure>130 mmHg or systolic blood pressure>85 mmHg, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio>3.0 and triglycerides>1.7 mmol/L) according to body fat (BF) percentage and source of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) dietary intake in 25 and 10 men consuming low plant/animal MUFA ratio (<1) and high plant/animal MUFA ratio (>1), respectively. A using % of body fat from DEXA to classify study participants into lean (20) or overweight (15) groups. B using % of body fat from DEXA/m2 to classify study participants into lean (18) or overweight (17) groups.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3750304&req=5

Figure 2: Average number of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (including waist circumference>88 cm, physical activity level<1.8, diastolic blood pressure>130 mmHg or systolic blood pressure>85 mmHg, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio>3.0 and triglycerides>1.7 mmol/L) according to body fat (BF) percentage and source of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) dietary intake in 25 and 10 men consuming low plant/animal MUFA ratio (<1) and high plant/animal MUFA ratio (>1), respectively. A using % of body fat from DEXA to classify study participants into lean (20) or overweight (15) groups. B using % of body fat from DEXA/m2 to classify study participants into lean (18) or overweight (17) groups.
Mentions: Using percentage of body fat to classify study participants into lean and overweight groups, the mean number of CV risk factors was comparable between both participants consuming MUFA mainly from plant foods (plant/animal MUFA ratio>1) and participants consuming MUFA mainly from animal foods (plant/animal MUFA ratio<1) regardless of whether they were overweight or lean (Figure 2A). Same findings were observed using %body fat/m2 to classify the study participants into adiposity levels (Figure 2B).

Bottom Line: It is a serious concern to observe such a high percentage of CV risk factors in a group of apparently healthy young men.The likelihood of multiple CV risk factors is greater among those with high body fatness and low MUFA intake.Intake of MUFA favorably affects CV risk factors regardless of the source.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia. selma.liberato@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a leading cause of global mortality. Despite clear evidence of the coexistence of several risk factors in young people as children and an understanding of the importance of the health behaviors in controlling CV disease, there are limited data on the relationships between risk factors and CV disease in young people. Therefore further study is required.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate associations among body composition, health behaviors and CV risk factors in young Australian men.

Methods: Thirty five healthy men aged 18-25 years had their blood pressure (BP), blood lipids, body composition, resting metabolic rate (RMR), physical activity, dietary intake and cardiorespiratory fitness assessed.

Results: Participants were categorised according to the percentage of body fat into two groups: lean and overweight men. There were no between-group differences in the biochemical indicators except that overweight men had lower HDL-C compared to lean men. Both groups had similar mean energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate and alcohol intake, RMR, physical activity level (PAL) and energy expenditure (EE). Most of the participants (65.7%) had LDL≥2.5 mmol/L. Other common individual risk factors were body fat≥20% (42.9%), waist circumference≥88 cm (28.6%), PAL<1.8 (22.9%) and systolic BP≥130 mmHg (20%). The mean number of CV risk factors was lower among men having a high intake of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA, >12% of the energy intake) regardless of whether they were overweight or lean and did not seem to differ according to the source of MUFA consumed.

Conclusions: It is a serious concern to observe such a high percentage of CV risk factors in a group of apparently healthy young men. The likelihood of multiple CV risk factors is greater among those with high body fatness and low MUFA intake. Intake of MUFA favorably affects CV risk factors regardless of the source.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus