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Genetic dissection of yield and its component traits using high-density composite map of wheat chromosome 3A: bridging gaps between QTLs and underlying genes.

Rustgi S, Shafqat MN, Kumar N, Baenziger PS, Ali ML, Dweikat I, Campbell BT, Gill KS - PLoS ONE (2013)

Bottom Line: On the other hand, QTLs for KPS and SPSM flanked by markers Xwmc664 and Xwmc489 mapped in the low-recombination region thus are not suitable for map-based cloning.Comparisons with the rice (Oryza sativa L.) genomic DNA sequence identified 11 candidate genes (CGs) for yield and yield related QTLs of which chromosomal location of two (CKX2 and GID2-like) was confirmed using wheat aneuploids.This study provides necessary information to perform high-resolution mapping for map-based cloning and for CG-based cloning of yield QTLs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Earlier we identified wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) chromosome 3A as a major determinant of grain yield and its component traits. In the present study, a high-density genetic linkage map of 81 chromosome 3A-specific markers was developed to increase the precision of previously identified yield component QTLs, and to map QTLs for biomass-related traits. Many of the previously identified QTLs for yield and its component traits were confirmed and were localized to narrower intervals. Four novel QTLs one each for shoot biomass (Xcfa2262-Xbcd366), total biomass (wPt2740-Xcfa2076), kernels/spike (KPS) (Xwmc664-Xbarc67), and Pseudocercosporella induced lodging (PsIL) were also detected. The major QTLs identified for grain yield (GY), KPS, grain volume weight (GVWT) and spikes per square meter (SPSM) respectively explained 23.2%, 24.2%, 20.5% and 20.2% of the phenotypic variation. Comparison of the genetic map with the integrated physical map allowed estimation of recombination frequency in the regions of interest and suggested that QTLs for grain yield detected in the marker intervals Xcdo549-Xbarc310 and Xpsp3047-Xbarc356 reside in the high-recombination regions, thus should be amenable to map-based cloning. On the other hand, QTLs for KPS and SPSM flanked by markers Xwmc664 and Xwmc489 mapped in the low-recombination region thus are not suitable for map-based cloning. Comparisons with the rice (Oryza sativa L.) genomic DNA sequence identified 11 candidate genes (CGs) for yield and yield related QTLs of which chromosomal location of two (CKX2 and GID2-like) was confirmed using wheat aneuploids. This study provides necessary information to perform high-resolution mapping for map-based cloning and for CG-based cloning of yield QTLs.

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Cytogenetic-ladder map of wheat chromosome 3A showing locations of genes and/or QTLs influencing a number of agronomically important traits.Markers showing connection between genetic and cytogenetic maps are highlighted in blue on the cytogenetic map. (A) Consensus cytogenetic map of chromosome 3A developed by integrating information for additional markers, genes (underlined) and QTLs on the reference map [11]. (B) Integrated genetic linkage map developed by incorporating SSR, STM and DArT markers on the RFLP skeleton map. The map was used to demarcate locations of consistent QTLs detected in the present study and to depict locations of QTLs detected for a number of agronomical traits in the published literature. (C) List of traits and symbols used to demarcate locations of QTLs published elsewhere. YLD = yield; HD = heading date; GW = grain weight; Yr/Sr/Lr = yellow, stem and leaf rust resistance; FHB = Fusarium head blight resistance; LGSA = leaf glutamine synthetase activity; KPS = kernels per spike; GPC = grain protein content; PH = plant height; GL = grain length; LW = leaf waxiness; DSF = domestication syndrome factor; APT = adult plant type; SWPS = seed weight per spike; LV/BS/DS = loaf volume, bread score and dough score; MGFR = mean grain filling rate; LFW = leaf fresh weight; TE = transpiration efficiency; FN/PHS/GC = falling number, preharvest sprouting tolerance and grain color; GL&GW = grain length and grain width; GVWT = grain volume weight; PGMS = percent greenness at maximum senescence; UTEB = Phosphorus utilization efficiencies based on biomass yield; UTEG = Phosphorus utilization efficiencies based on grain yield; ABAR = ABA responsiveness. (D) List of traits mapped during the present study (see M&M for details). Traits mapped using data recorded in glasshouse are marked with a star.
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pone-0070526-g001: Cytogenetic-ladder map of wheat chromosome 3A showing locations of genes and/or QTLs influencing a number of agronomically important traits.Markers showing connection between genetic and cytogenetic maps are highlighted in blue on the cytogenetic map. (A) Consensus cytogenetic map of chromosome 3A developed by integrating information for additional markers, genes (underlined) and QTLs on the reference map [11]. (B) Integrated genetic linkage map developed by incorporating SSR, STM and DArT markers on the RFLP skeleton map. The map was used to demarcate locations of consistent QTLs detected in the present study and to depict locations of QTLs detected for a number of agronomical traits in the published literature. (C) List of traits and symbols used to demarcate locations of QTLs published elsewhere. YLD = yield; HD = heading date; GW = grain weight; Yr/Sr/Lr = yellow, stem and leaf rust resistance; FHB = Fusarium head blight resistance; LGSA = leaf glutamine synthetase activity; KPS = kernels per spike; GPC = grain protein content; PH = plant height; GL = grain length; LW = leaf waxiness; DSF = domestication syndrome factor; APT = adult plant type; SWPS = seed weight per spike; LV/BS/DS = loaf volume, bread score and dough score; MGFR = mean grain filling rate; LFW = leaf fresh weight; TE = transpiration efficiency; FN/PHS/GC = falling number, preharvest sprouting tolerance and grain color; GL&GW = grain length and grain width; GVWT = grain volume weight; PGMS = percent greenness at maximum senescence; UTEB = Phosphorus utilization efficiencies based on biomass yield; UTEG = Phosphorus utilization efficiencies based on grain yield; ABAR = ABA responsiveness. (D) List of traits mapped during the present study (see M&M for details). Traits mapped using data recorded in glasshouse are marked with a star.

Mentions: The map with 81 markers was prepared by using the previously mapped 25 RFLPs (excluding Xfba347) and 14 SSRs (excluding Xwmc264) as anchors to assign newly identified 74 polymorphic markers. Of these 74 markers, 56 could be localized to the 3A map increasing the marker number to 81 and the map length from 213.8 cM [11] to 354.7 cM with an average distance of 4.37 cM between the markers (figure 1). Similarly, the map with 41 markers was developed by integrating 18 additional SSRs markers to 14 previously mapped SSRs and 9 RFLPs (figure S1).


Genetic dissection of yield and its component traits using high-density composite map of wheat chromosome 3A: bridging gaps between QTLs and underlying genes.

Rustgi S, Shafqat MN, Kumar N, Baenziger PS, Ali ML, Dweikat I, Campbell BT, Gill KS - PLoS ONE (2013)

Cytogenetic-ladder map of wheat chromosome 3A showing locations of genes and/or QTLs influencing a number of agronomically important traits.Markers showing connection between genetic and cytogenetic maps are highlighted in blue on the cytogenetic map. (A) Consensus cytogenetic map of chromosome 3A developed by integrating information for additional markers, genes (underlined) and QTLs on the reference map [11]. (B) Integrated genetic linkage map developed by incorporating SSR, STM and DArT markers on the RFLP skeleton map. The map was used to demarcate locations of consistent QTLs detected in the present study and to depict locations of QTLs detected for a number of agronomical traits in the published literature. (C) List of traits and symbols used to demarcate locations of QTLs published elsewhere. YLD = yield; HD = heading date; GW = grain weight; Yr/Sr/Lr = yellow, stem and leaf rust resistance; FHB = Fusarium head blight resistance; LGSA = leaf glutamine synthetase activity; KPS = kernels per spike; GPC = grain protein content; PH = plant height; GL = grain length; LW = leaf waxiness; DSF = domestication syndrome factor; APT = adult plant type; SWPS = seed weight per spike; LV/BS/DS = loaf volume, bread score and dough score; MGFR = mean grain filling rate; LFW = leaf fresh weight; TE = transpiration efficiency; FN/PHS/GC = falling number, preharvest sprouting tolerance and grain color; GL&GW = grain length and grain width; GVWT = grain volume weight; PGMS = percent greenness at maximum senescence; UTEB = Phosphorus utilization efficiencies based on biomass yield; UTEG = Phosphorus utilization efficiencies based on grain yield; ABAR = ABA responsiveness. (D) List of traits mapped during the present study (see M&M for details). Traits mapped using data recorded in glasshouse are marked with a star.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3722237&req=5

pone-0070526-g001: Cytogenetic-ladder map of wheat chromosome 3A showing locations of genes and/or QTLs influencing a number of agronomically important traits.Markers showing connection between genetic and cytogenetic maps are highlighted in blue on the cytogenetic map. (A) Consensus cytogenetic map of chromosome 3A developed by integrating information for additional markers, genes (underlined) and QTLs on the reference map [11]. (B) Integrated genetic linkage map developed by incorporating SSR, STM and DArT markers on the RFLP skeleton map. The map was used to demarcate locations of consistent QTLs detected in the present study and to depict locations of QTLs detected for a number of agronomical traits in the published literature. (C) List of traits and symbols used to demarcate locations of QTLs published elsewhere. YLD = yield; HD = heading date; GW = grain weight; Yr/Sr/Lr = yellow, stem and leaf rust resistance; FHB = Fusarium head blight resistance; LGSA = leaf glutamine synthetase activity; KPS = kernels per spike; GPC = grain protein content; PH = plant height; GL = grain length; LW = leaf waxiness; DSF = domestication syndrome factor; APT = adult plant type; SWPS = seed weight per spike; LV/BS/DS = loaf volume, bread score and dough score; MGFR = mean grain filling rate; LFW = leaf fresh weight; TE = transpiration efficiency; FN/PHS/GC = falling number, preharvest sprouting tolerance and grain color; GL&GW = grain length and grain width; GVWT = grain volume weight; PGMS = percent greenness at maximum senescence; UTEB = Phosphorus utilization efficiencies based on biomass yield; UTEG = Phosphorus utilization efficiencies based on grain yield; ABAR = ABA responsiveness. (D) List of traits mapped during the present study (see M&M for details). Traits mapped using data recorded in glasshouse are marked with a star.
Mentions: The map with 81 markers was prepared by using the previously mapped 25 RFLPs (excluding Xfba347) and 14 SSRs (excluding Xwmc264) as anchors to assign newly identified 74 polymorphic markers. Of these 74 markers, 56 could be localized to the 3A map increasing the marker number to 81 and the map length from 213.8 cM [11] to 354.7 cM with an average distance of 4.37 cM between the markers (figure 1). Similarly, the map with 41 markers was developed by integrating 18 additional SSRs markers to 14 previously mapped SSRs and 9 RFLPs (figure S1).

Bottom Line: On the other hand, QTLs for KPS and SPSM flanked by markers Xwmc664 and Xwmc489 mapped in the low-recombination region thus are not suitable for map-based cloning.Comparisons with the rice (Oryza sativa L.) genomic DNA sequence identified 11 candidate genes (CGs) for yield and yield related QTLs of which chromosomal location of two (CKX2 and GID2-like) was confirmed using wheat aneuploids.This study provides necessary information to perform high-resolution mapping for map-based cloning and for CG-based cloning of yield QTLs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Earlier we identified wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) chromosome 3A as a major determinant of grain yield and its component traits. In the present study, a high-density genetic linkage map of 81 chromosome 3A-specific markers was developed to increase the precision of previously identified yield component QTLs, and to map QTLs for biomass-related traits. Many of the previously identified QTLs for yield and its component traits were confirmed and were localized to narrower intervals. Four novel QTLs one each for shoot biomass (Xcfa2262-Xbcd366), total biomass (wPt2740-Xcfa2076), kernels/spike (KPS) (Xwmc664-Xbarc67), and Pseudocercosporella induced lodging (PsIL) were also detected. The major QTLs identified for grain yield (GY), KPS, grain volume weight (GVWT) and spikes per square meter (SPSM) respectively explained 23.2%, 24.2%, 20.5% and 20.2% of the phenotypic variation. Comparison of the genetic map with the integrated physical map allowed estimation of recombination frequency in the regions of interest and suggested that QTLs for grain yield detected in the marker intervals Xcdo549-Xbarc310 and Xpsp3047-Xbarc356 reside in the high-recombination regions, thus should be amenable to map-based cloning. On the other hand, QTLs for KPS and SPSM flanked by markers Xwmc664 and Xwmc489 mapped in the low-recombination region thus are not suitable for map-based cloning. Comparisons with the rice (Oryza sativa L.) genomic DNA sequence identified 11 candidate genes (CGs) for yield and yield related QTLs of which chromosomal location of two (CKX2 and GID2-like) was confirmed using wheat aneuploids. This study provides necessary information to perform high-resolution mapping for map-based cloning and for CG-based cloning of yield QTLs.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus