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Internet use frequency and patient-centered care: measuring patient preferences for participation using the health information wants questionnaire.

Xie B, Wang M, Feldman R, Zhou L - J. Med. Internet Res. (2013)

Bottom Line: A significant difference was found between the younger and older age groups' Internet use frequencies, with the younger age group having significantly more frequent Internet use than the older age group (younger age group mean 5.98, SD 0.33; older age group mean 3.50, SD 2.00; t436=17.42, P<.01).Internet use frequency was positively related to the overall preference rating (γ=.15, P<.05), suggesting that frequent Internet users preferred significantly more information and decision making than infrequent Internet users.No significant difference was found between frequent and infrequent Internet users in their preferences for treatment information and decision making.

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Affiliation: School of Nursing & School of Information, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States. boxie@utexas.edu

ABSTRACT

Background: The Internet is bringing fundamental changes to medical practice through improved access to health information and participation in decision making. However, patient preferences for participation in health care vary greatly. Promoting patient-centered health care requires an understanding of the relationship between Internet use and a broader range of preferences for participation than previously measured.

Objective: To explore (1) whether there is a significant relationship between Internet use frequency and patients' overall preferences for obtaining health information and decision-making autonomy, and (2) whether the relationships between Internet use frequency and information and decision-making preferences differ with respect to different aspects of health conditions.

Methods: The Health Information Wants Questionnaire (HIWQ) was administered to gather data about patients' preferences for the (1) amount of information desired about different aspects of a health condition, and (2) level of decision-making autonomy desired across those same aspects.

Results: The study sample included 438 individuals: 226 undergraduates (mean age 20; SD 2.15) and 212 community-dwelling older adults (mean age 72; SD 9.00). A significant difference was found between the younger and older age groups' Internet use frequencies, with the younger age group having significantly more frequent Internet use than the older age group (younger age group mean 5.98, SD 0.33; older age group mean 3.50, SD 2.00; t436=17.42, P<.01). Internet use frequency was positively related to the overall preference rating (γ=.15, P<.05), suggesting that frequent Internet users preferred significantly more information and decision making than infrequent Internet users. The relationships between Internet use frequency and different types of preferences varied: compared with infrequent Internet users, frequent Internet users preferred more information but less decision making for diagnosis (γ=.57, P<.01); more information and more decision-making autonomy for laboratory test (γ=.15, P<.05), complementary and alternative medicine (γ=.32, P<.01), and self-care (γ=.15, P<.05); and less information but more decision-making autonomy for the psychosocial (γ=-.51, P<.01) and health care provider (γ=-.27, P<.05) aspects. No significant difference was found between frequent and infrequent Internet users in their preferences for treatment information and decision making.

Conclusions: Internet use frequency has a positive relationship with the overall preferences for obtaining health information and decision-making autonomy, but its relationship with different types of preferences varies. These findings have important implications for medical practice.

Show MeSH
Interaction between Internet use frequency and rating dimension (Information vs Decision Making) for the Health Care Provider Subscale.
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figure3: Interaction between Internet use frequency and rating dimension (Information vs Decision Making) for the Health Care Provider Subscale.

Mentions: For the health care provider subscale, the main effect of Internet use frequency on preference rating was not significant. However, results of multilevel modeling analysis showed that Internet use frequency was negatively related to the random slope between rating dimension (information vs decision making) and preference rating (γ=-.27, P<.05), suggesting an interaction effect of Internet use frequency on this rating dimension. These results indicated that frequent Internet users preferred obtaining less information but more decision-making autonomy about health care providers than did infrequent Internet users (Figure 3).


Internet use frequency and patient-centered care: measuring patient preferences for participation using the health information wants questionnaire.

Xie B, Wang M, Feldman R, Zhou L - J. Med. Internet Res. (2013)

Interaction between Internet use frequency and rating dimension (Information vs Decision Making) for the Health Care Provider Subscale.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3714005&req=5

figure3: Interaction between Internet use frequency and rating dimension (Information vs Decision Making) for the Health Care Provider Subscale.
Mentions: For the health care provider subscale, the main effect of Internet use frequency on preference rating was not significant. However, results of multilevel modeling analysis showed that Internet use frequency was negatively related to the random slope between rating dimension (information vs decision making) and preference rating (γ=-.27, P<.05), suggesting an interaction effect of Internet use frequency on this rating dimension. These results indicated that frequent Internet users preferred obtaining less information but more decision-making autonomy about health care providers than did infrequent Internet users (Figure 3).

Bottom Line: A significant difference was found between the younger and older age groups' Internet use frequencies, with the younger age group having significantly more frequent Internet use than the older age group (younger age group mean 5.98, SD 0.33; older age group mean 3.50, SD 2.00; t436=17.42, P<.01).Internet use frequency was positively related to the overall preference rating (γ=.15, P<.05), suggesting that frequent Internet users preferred significantly more information and decision making than infrequent Internet users.No significant difference was found between frequent and infrequent Internet users in their preferences for treatment information and decision making.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Nursing & School of Information, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States. boxie@utexas.edu

ABSTRACT

Background: The Internet is bringing fundamental changes to medical practice through improved access to health information and participation in decision making. However, patient preferences for participation in health care vary greatly. Promoting patient-centered health care requires an understanding of the relationship between Internet use and a broader range of preferences for participation than previously measured.

Objective: To explore (1) whether there is a significant relationship between Internet use frequency and patients' overall preferences for obtaining health information and decision-making autonomy, and (2) whether the relationships between Internet use frequency and information and decision-making preferences differ with respect to different aspects of health conditions.

Methods: The Health Information Wants Questionnaire (HIWQ) was administered to gather data about patients' preferences for the (1) amount of information desired about different aspects of a health condition, and (2) level of decision-making autonomy desired across those same aspects.

Results: The study sample included 438 individuals: 226 undergraduates (mean age 20; SD 2.15) and 212 community-dwelling older adults (mean age 72; SD 9.00). A significant difference was found between the younger and older age groups' Internet use frequencies, with the younger age group having significantly more frequent Internet use than the older age group (younger age group mean 5.98, SD 0.33; older age group mean 3.50, SD 2.00; t436=17.42, P<.01). Internet use frequency was positively related to the overall preference rating (γ=.15, P<.05), suggesting that frequent Internet users preferred significantly more information and decision making than infrequent Internet users. The relationships between Internet use frequency and different types of preferences varied: compared with infrequent Internet users, frequent Internet users preferred more information but less decision making for diagnosis (γ=.57, P<.01); more information and more decision-making autonomy for laboratory test (γ=.15, P<.05), complementary and alternative medicine (γ=.32, P<.01), and self-care (γ=.15, P<.05); and less information but more decision-making autonomy for the psychosocial (γ=-.51, P<.01) and health care provider (γ=-.27, P<.05) aspects. No significant difference was found between frequent and infrequent Internet users in their preferences for treatment information and decision making.

Conclusions: Internet use frequency has a positive relationship with the overall preferences for obtaining health information and decision-making autonomy, but its relationship with different types of preferences varies. These findings have important implications for medical practice.

Show MeSH