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Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of prehypertension.

Wang J, Feng B, Yang X, Liu W, Xiong X - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2013)

Bottom Line: Objectives.Electronic databases were searched until May, 2013.Inclusion Criteria.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beixiange 5, Xicheng District, Beijing 100053, China.

ABSTRACT
Objectives. To assess the current clinical evidence of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for prehypertension. Search Strategy. Electronic databases were searched until May, 2013. Inclusion Criteria. We included randomized clinical trials testing CHM against life style intervention and no treatment, or combined with life style intervention against life style intervention. Data Extraction and Analyses. Study selection, data extraction, quality assessment, and data analyses were conducted according to Cochrane standards. Results. Five trials were included. Methodological quality of the trials was evaluated as generally low. Only 1 trial reported allocation sequence. No trial reported the allocation concealment, double blinding, placebo control, presample size estimation, intention to treat analysis, and drop-out. All the included trials were not multicenter and large scale. Although meta-analysis showed that CHM is superior to either life style intervention group or no treatment group in decreasing blood pressure, we are unable to draw a definite conclusion on the effect of CHM due to the poor research methods used in the reviewed trials. The safety of CHM is still uncertain. Conclusions. There is no evidence to show that CHM is effective and safe for prehypertension due to serious methodological flaw of the reviewed trials. Rigorously designed trials are warranted to confirm these results.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

PRISMA 2009 flow diagram.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: PRISMA 2009 flow diagram.

Mentions: As shown in Figure 1, the flow diagram depicted the search process and study selection. After primary searches from the above 7 electronic databases, 112 articles were retrieved. Fifty-Six articles were screened after 58 duplicates were removed. After reading the titles and abstracts, 28 articles were excluded. Full texts of 28 articles were retrieved, and 23 articles were excluded with reasons listed as below: participants did not meet the inclusive criteria (n = 18), duplication (n = 2), no control group (n = 1), and the intervention included other Chinese herbal formula (n = 2). Finally, 5 RCTs [45–49] were included. All of them were published in Chinese. The characteristics of included trials were listed in Table 1.


Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of prehypertension.

Wang J, Feng B, Yang X, Liu W, Xiong X - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2013)

PRISMA 2009 flow diagram.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3713375&req=5

fig1: PRISMA 2009 flow diagram.
Mentions: As shown in Figure 1, the flow diagram depicted the search process and study selection. After primary searches from the above 7 electronic databases, 112 articles were retrieved. Fifty-Six articles were screened after 58 duplicates were removed. After reading the titles and abstracts, 28 articles were excluded. Full texts of 28 articles were retrieved, and 23 articles were excluded with reasons listed as below: participants did not meet the inclusive criteria (n = 18), duplication (n = 2), no control group (n = 1), and the intervention included other Chinese herbal formula (n = 2). Finally, 5 RCTs [45–49] were included. All of them were published in Chinese. The characteristics of included trials were listed in Table 1.

Bottom Line: Objectives.Electronic databases were searched until May, 2013.Inclusion Criteria.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beixiange 5, Xicheng District, Beijing 100053, China.

ABSTRACT
Objectives. To assess the current clinical evidence of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for prehypertension. Search Strategy. Electronic databases were searched until May, 2013. Inclusion Criteria. We included randomized clinical trials testing CHM against life style intervention and no treatment, or combined with life style intervention against life style intervention. Data Extraction and Analyses. Study selection, data extraction, quality assessment, and data analyses were conducted according to Cochrane standards. Results. Five trials were included. Methodological quality of the trials was evaluated as generally low. Only 1 trial reported allocation sequence. No trial reported the allocation concealment, double blinding, placebo control, presample size estimation, intention to treat analysis, and drop-out. All the included trials were not multicenter and large scale. Although meta-analysis showed that CHM is superior to either life style intervention group or no treatment group in decreasing blood pressure, we are unable to draw a definite conclusion on the effect of CHM due to the poor research methods used in the reviewed trials. The safety of CHM is still uncertain. Conclusions. There is no evidence to show that CHM is effective and safe for prehypertension due to serious methodological flaw of the reviewed trials. Rigorously designed trials are warranted to confirm these results.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus