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Western Hemisphere Zuphiini: descriptions of Coarazuphium whiteheadi, new species, and Zuphioides, new genus, and classification of the genera (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Ball GE, Shpeley D - Zookeys (2013)

Bottom Line: The genus Coarazuphium includes six troglobitic species from Brazilian caves, and one probably hypogaeic (troglophilic) species from the mountains of Oaxaca, in Mexico (Coarazuphium whiteheadi, sp. n., type locality, ridge top, in western Oaxaca, Mexico, at 2164 m, 35 km north of San Pedro Juchatengo, 16.462N, 97.010W).The epigaeic genus Zuphioides includes 23 species, with its geographical range extended from Neotropical temperate Argentina in southern South America, northward through the tropics to north temperate southeastern Canada, in the Nearctic Region.Keys are provided to the species of Coarazuphium and to thegenera of Western Hemisphere Zuphiini.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T5G 2E9, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Based on small samples (exemplars) analyzed with morphological methods, including detailed descriptions and illustrations, this study treats primarily the Zuphium genus-group in the Western Hemisphere, which comprises two precinctive genera: Coarazuphium Gnaspini, Vanin & Godoy, 1998 (type species Parazuphium tessai Godoy & Vanin, 1990) and Zuphioides gen. n. (type species Zuphium mexicanum Chaudoir, 1863). The genus Coarazuphium includes six troglobitic species from Brazilian caves, and one probably hypogaeic (troglophilic) species from the mountains of Oaxaca, in Mexico (Coarazuphium whiteheadi, sp. n., type locality, ridge top, in western Oaxaca, Mexico, at 2164 m, 35 km north of San Pedro Juchatengo, 16.462N, 97.010W). The epigaeic genus Zuphioides includes 23 species, with its geographical range extended from Neotropical temperate Argentina in southern South America, northward through the tropics to north temperate southeastern Canada, in the Nearctic Region. Keys are provided to the species of Coarazuphium and to thegenera of Western Hemisphere Zuphiini.

No MeSH data available.


SEM micrographs of left maxillae and labia. A–CCoarazuphium whiteheadi, new species D–FZuphioides mexicanum (Chaudoir). Legend: bs, basistipes; bss, basistipital seta; c, cardo; ds, distitipes; el, epilobe; g1, galeomere 1; g2, galeomere 2; gls, glossal sclerite; l, lacinia; lp1, labial palpomere 1; lp2, labial palpomere 2; lp2s, labial palpomere 2 seta; lp3, labial palpomere 3; lt, lacinial tooth; mll, mental lateral lobe; mp1, maxillary palpomere 1; mp2, maxillary palpomere 2; mp3, maxillary palpomere 3; mp4, maxillary palpomere 4; mt, mental tooth; pgl, paraglossa; pgr, palpiger; pl, palpifer; pls, palpifer seta; pms, paramedial mental seta; sm, submentum; sms, submental seta; tgs, terminal glossal seta; vgs, ventral glossal seta. Scale bars = 100 µm.
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Figure 8: SEM micrographs of left maxillae and labia. A–CCoarazuphium whiteheadi, new species D–FZuphioides mexicanum (Chaudoir). Legend: bs, basistipes; bss, basistipital seta; c, cardo; ds, distitipes; el, epilobe; g1, galeomere 1; g2, galeomere 2; gls, glossal sclerite; l, lacinia; lp1, labial palpomere 1; lp2, labial palpomere 2; lp2s, labial palpomere 2 seta; lp3, labial palpomere 3; lt, lacinial tooth; mll, mental lateral lobe; mp1, maxillary palpomere 1; mp2, maxillary palpomere 2; mp3, maxillary palpomere 3; mp4, maxillary palpomere 4; mt, mental tooth; pgl, paraglossa; pgr, palpiger; pl, palpifer; pls, palpifer seta; pms, paramedial mental seta; sm, submentum; sms, submental seta; tgs, terminal glossal seta; vgs, ventral glossal seta. Scale bars = 100 µm.

Mentions: Labium. The labium of the Zuphium genus-group is standard for Carabidae. For the combined glossae and paraglossae, we use the standard term ligula. The central sclerotized, apically setigerous, structure is the glossal sclerite. See Figs 8C and 8F.


Western Hemisphere Zuphiini: descriptions of Coarazuphium whiteheadi, new species, and Zuphioides, new genus, and classification of the genera (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Ball GE, Shpeley D - Zookeys (2013)

SEM micrographs of left maxillae and labia. A–CCoarazuphium whiteheadi, new species D–FZuphioides mexicanum (Chaudoir). Legend: bs, basistipes; bss, basistipital seta; c, cardo; ds, distitipes; el, epilobe; g1, galeomere 1; g2, galeomere 2; gls, glossal sclerite; l, lacinia; lp1, labial palpomere 1; lp2, labial palpomere 2; lp2s, labial palpomere 2 seta; lp3, labial palpomere 3; lt, lacinial tooth; mll, mental lateral lobe; mp1, maxillary palpomere 1; mp2, maxillary palpomere 2; mp3, maxillary palpomere 3; mp4, maxillary palpomere 4; mt, mental tooth; pgl, paraglossa; pgr, palpiger; pl, palpifer; pls, palpifer seta; pms, paramedial mental seta; sm, submentum; sms, submental seta; tgs, terminal glossal seta; vgs, ventral glossal seta. Scale bars = 100 µm.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3713351&req=5

Figure 8: SEM micrographs of left maxillae and labia. A–CCoarazuphium whiteheadi, new species D–FZuphioides mexicanum (Chaudoir). Legend: bs, basistipes; bss, basistipital seta; c, cardo; ds, distitipes; el, epilobe; g1, galeomere 1; g2, galeomere 2; gls, glossal sclerite; l, lacinia; lp1, labial palpomere 1; lp2, labial palpomere 2; lp2s, labial palpomere 2 seta; lp3, labial palpomere 3; lt, lacinial tooth; mll, mental lateral lobe; mp1, maxillary palpomere 1; mp2, maxillary palpomere 2; mp3, maxillary palpomere 3; mp4, maxillary palpomere 4; mt, mental tooth; pgl, paraglossa; pgr, palpiger; pl, palpifer; pls, palpifer seta; pms, paramedial mental seta; sm, submentum; sms, submental seta; tgs, terminal glossal seta; vgs, ventral glossal seta. Scale bars = 100 µm.
Mentions: Labium. The labium of the Zuphium genus-group is standard for Carabidae. For the combined glossae and paraglossae, we use the standard term ligula. The central sclerotized, apically setigerous, structure is the glossal sclerite. See Figs 8C and 8F.

Bottom Line: The genus Coarazuphium includes six troglobitic species from Brazilian caves, and one probably hypogaeic (troglophilic) species from the mountains of Oaxaca, in Mexico (Coarazuphium whiteheadi, sp. n., type locality, ridge top, in western Oaxaca, Mexico, at 2164 m, 35 km north of San Pedro Juchatengo, 16.462N, 97.010W).The epigaeic genus Zuphioides includes 23 species, with its geographical range extended from Neotropical temperate Argentina in southern South America, northward through the tropics to north temperate southeastern Canada, in the Nearctic Region.Keys are provided to the species of Coarazuphium and to thegenera of Western Hemisphere Zuphiini.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T5G 2E9, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Based on small samples (exemplars) analyzed with morphological methods, including detailed descriptions and illustrations, this study treats primarily the Zuphium genus-group in the Western Hemisphere, which comprises two precinctive genera: Coarazuphium Gnaspini, Vanin & Godoy, 1998 (type species Parazuphium tessai Godoy & Vanin, 1990) and Zuphioides gen. n. (type species Zuphium mexicanum Chaudoir, 1863). The genus Coarazuphium includes six troglobitic species from Brazilian caves, and one probably hypogaeic (troglophilic) species from the mountains of Oaxaca, in Mexico (Coarazuphium whiteheadi, sp. n., type locality, ridge top, in western Oaxaca, Mexico, at 2164 m, 35 km north of San Pedro Juchatengo, 16.462N, 97.010W). The epigaeic genus Zuphioides includes 23 species, with its geographical range extended from Neotropical temperate Argentina in southern South America, northward through the tropics to north temperate southeastern Canada, in the Nearctic Region. Keys are provided to the species of Coarazuphium and to thegenera of Western Hemisphere Zuphiini.

No MeSH data available.