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Western Hemisphere Zuphiini: descriptions of Coarazuphium whiteheadi, new species, and Zuphioides, new genus, and classification of the genera (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Ball GE, Shpeley D - Zookeys (2013)

Bottom Line: Based on small samples (exemplars) analyzed with morphological methods, including detailed descriptions and illustrations, this study treats primarily the Zuphium genus-group in the Western Hemisphere, which comprises two precinctive genera: Coarazuphium Gnaspini, Vanin & Godoy, 1998 (type species Parazuphium tessai Godoy & Vanin, 1990) and Zuphioides gen. n. (type species Zuphium mexicanum Chaudoir, 1863).The epigaeic genus Zuphioides includes 23 species, with its geographical range extended from Neotropical temperate Argentina in southern South America, northward through the tropics to north temperate southeastern Canada, in the Nearctic Region.Keys are provided to the species of Coarazuphium and to thegenera of Western Hemisphere Zuphiini.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T5G 2E9, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Based on small samples (exemplars) analyzed with morphological methods, including detailed descriptions and illustrations, this study treats primarily the Zuphium genus-group in the Western Hemisphere, which comprises two precinctive genera: Coarazuphium Gnaspini, Vanin & Godoy, 1998 (type species Parazuphium tessai Godoy & Vanin, 1990) and Zuphioides gen. n. (type species Zuphium mexicanum Chaudoir, 1863). The genus Coarazuphium includes six troglobitic species from Brazilian caves, and one probably hypogaeic (troglophilic) species from the mountains of Oaxaca, in Mexico (Coarazuphium whiteheadi, sp. n., type locality, ridge top, in western Oaxaca, Mexico, at 2164 m, 35 km north of San Pedro Juchatengo, 16.462N, 97.010W). The epigaeic genus Zuphioides includes 23 species, with its geographical range extended from Neotropical temperate Argentina in southern South America, northward through the tropics to north temperate southeastern Canada, in the Nearctic Region. Keys are provided to the species of Coarazuphium and to thegenera of Western Hemisphere Zuphiini.

No MeSH data available.


SEM micrographs of mandibles of Zuphioides mexicanum (Chaudoir). A and D dorsal aspect B and E ventral aspect C and F lateral aspect. Legend: art, anterior retinacular tooth; bb, basal brush; it, incisor tooth; mt, molar tooth; pmt, premolar tooth; prt, posterior retinacular ridge; rr, retinacular ridge; s, scrobe; ss, scrobal seta; tr, terebral ridge; tt, terebral tooth; vg, ventral groove; vm, ventral microtrichia. Scale bars = 100 µm.
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Figure 7: SEM micrographs of mandibles of Zuphioides mexicanum (Chaudoir). A and D dorsal aspect B and E ventral aspect C and F lateral aspect. Legend: art, anterior retinacular tooth; bb, basal brush; it, incisor tooth; mt, molar tooth; pmt, premolar tooth; prt, posterior retinacular ridge; rr, retinacular ridge; s, scrobe; ss, scrobal seta; tr, terebral ridge; tt, terebral tooth; vg, ventral groove; vm, ventral microtrichia. Scale bars = 100 µm.

Mentions: Mandibles. Shpeley and Ball (2001: 9–21, figs 3A–E) characterized the mandibles of the lebiine subtribe Pericalina, and illustrated the major features with SEM figures. We use the same system here. See Figs 6A–F and 7A–F.


Western Hemisphere Zuphiini: descriptions of Coarazuphium whiteheadi, new species, and Zuphioides, new genus, and classification of the genera (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Ball GE, Shpeley D - Zookeys (2013)

SEM micrographs of mandibles of Zuphioides mexicanum (Chaudoir). A and D dorsal aspect B and E ventral aspect C and F lateral aspect. Legend: art, anterior retinacular tooth; bb, basal brush; it, incisor tooth; mt, molar tooth; pmt, premolar tooth; prt, posterior retinacular ridge; rr, retinacular ridge; s, scrobe; ss, scrobal seta; tr, terebral ridge; tt, terebral tooth; vg, ventral groove; vm, ventral microtrichia. Scale bars = 100 µm.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3713351&req=5

Figure 7: SEM micrographs of mandibles of Zuphioides mexicanum (Chaudoir). A and D dorsal aspect B and E ventral aspect C and F lateral aspect. Legend: art, anterior retinacular tooth; bb, basal brush; it, incisor tooth; mt, molar tooth; pmt, premolar tooth; prt, posterior retinacular ridge; rr, retinacular ridge; s, scrobe; ss, scrobal seta; tr, terebral ridge; tt, terebral tooth; vg, ventral groove; vm, ventral microtrichia. Scale bars = 100 µm.
Mentions: Mandibles. Shpeley and Ball (2001: 9–21, figs 3A–E) characterized the mandibles of the lebiine subtribe Pericalina, and illustrated the major features with SEM figures. We use the same system here. See Figs 6A–F and 7A–F.

Bottom Line: Based on small samples (exemplars) analyzed with morphological methods, including detailed descriptions and illustrations, this study treats primarily the Zuphium genus-group in the Western Hemisphere, which comprises two precinctive genera: Coarazuphium Gnaspini, Vanin & Godoy, 1998 (type species Parazuphium tessai Godoy & Vanin, 1990) and Zuphioides gen. n. (type species Zuphium mexicanum Chaudoir, 1863).The epigaeic genus Zuphioides includes 23 species, with its geographical range extended from Neotropical temperate Argentina in southern South America, northward through the tropics to north temperate southeastern Canada, in the Nearctic Region.Keys are provided to the species of Coarazuphium and to thegenera of Western Hemisphere Zuphiini.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T5G 2E9, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Based on small samples (exemplars) analyzed with morphological methods, including detailed descriptions and illustrations, this study treats primarily the Zuphium genus-group in the Western Hemisphere, which comprises two precinctive genera: Coarazuphium Gnaspini, Vanin & Godoy, 1998 (type species Parazuphium tessai Godoy & Vanin, 1990) and Zuphioides gen. n. (type species Zuphium mexicanum Chaudoir, 1863). The genus Coarazuphium includes six troglobitic species from Brazilian caves, and one probably hypogaeic (troglophilic) species from the mountains of Oaxaca, in Mexico (Coarazuphium whiteheadi, sp. n., type locality, ridge top, in western Oaxaca, Mexico, at 2164 m, 35 km north of San Pedro Juchatengo, 16.462N, 97.010W). The epigaeic genus Zuphioides includes 23 species, with its geographical range extended from Neotropical temperate Argentina in southern South America, northward through the tropics to north temperate southeastern Canada, in the Nearctic Region. Keys are provided to the species of Coarazuphium and to thegenera of Western Hemisphere Zuphiini.

No MeSH data available.