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Music, emotion, and time perception: the influence of subjective emotional valence and arousal?

Droit-Volet S, Ramos D, Bueno JL, Bigand E - Front Psychol (2013)

Bottom Line: In Experiment 3, affective valence was also tested by contrasting the effect of tonal (pleasant) vs. atonal (unpleasant) versions of the same musical pieces.When the tempo was held constant, no significant effect of timbre on the time judgment was found although the orchestral music was judged to be more arousing than the piano music.Nevertheless, emotional valence did modulate the tempo effect on time perception, the pleasant music being judged shorter than the unpleasant music.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive, University Blaise Pascal, CNRS Clermont-Ferrand, France.

ABSTRACT
The present study used a temporal bisection task with short (<2 s) and long (>2 s) stimulus durations to investigate the effect on time estimation of several musical parameters associated with emotional changes in affective valence and arousal. In order to manipulate the positive and negative valence of music, Experiments 1 and 2 contrasted the effect of musical structure with pieces played normally and backwards, which were judged to be pleasant and unpleasant, respectively. This effect of valence was combined with a subjective arousal effect by changing the tempo of the musical pieces (fast vs. slow) (Experiment 1) or their instrumentation (orchestral vs. piano pieces). The musical pieces were indeed judged more arousing with a fast than with a slow tempo and with an orchestral than with a piano timbre. In Experiment 3, affective valence was also tested by contrasting the effect of tonal (pleasant) vs. atonal (unpleasant) versions of the same musical pieces. The results showed that the effect of tempo in music, associated with a subjective arousal effect, was the major factor that produced time distortions with time being judged longer for fast than for slow tempi. When the tempo was held constant, no significant effect of timbre on the time judgment was found although the orchestral music was judged to be more arousing than the piano music. Nevertheless, emotional valence did modulate the tempo effect on time perception, the pleasant music being judged shorter than the unpleasant music.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Proportion of long responses plotted against stimulus duration for the original and the backward version of orchestral and piano music in the 0.5–1.7 and the 2.0–6.8 s duration conditions.
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Figure 2: Proportion of long responses plotted against stimulus duration for the original and the backward version of orchestral and piano music in the 0.5–1.7 and the 2.0–6.8 s duration conditions.

Mentions: Figure 2 presents the psychophysical function when the orchestral and piano pieces were played forward and backward in the short and the longer duration range. In contrast to Experiment 1 in which tempo was the major factor modifying time judgment, Figure 2 suggests that the orchestration, although it was also associated with a higher subjective level of arousal, did not affect time judgment. This is confirmed by the results of the ANCOVA performed on the BP (Table 4) with the same factor design as that used in Experiment 1.


Music, emotion, and time perception: the influence of subjective emotional valence and arousal?

Droit-Volet S, Ramos D, Bueno JL, Bigand E - Front Psychol (2013)

Proportion of long responses plotted against stimulus duration for the original and the backward version of orchestral and piano music in the 0.5–1.7 and the 2.0–6.8 s duration conditions.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3713348&req=5

Figure 2: Proportion of long responses plotted against stimulus duration for the original and the backward version of orchestral and piano music in the 0.5–1.7 and the 2.0–6.8 s duration conditions.
Mentions: Figure 2 presents the psychophysical function when the orchestral and piano pieces were played forward and backward in the short and the longer duration range. In contrast to Experiment 1 in which tempo was the major factor modifying time judgment, Figure 2 suggests that the orchestration, although it was also associated with a higher subjective level of arousal, did not affect time judgment. This is confirmed by the results of the ANCOVA performed on the BP (Table 4) with the same factor design as that used in Experiment 1.

Bottom Line: In Experiment 3, affective valence was also tested by contrasting the effect of tonal (pleasant) vs. atonal (unpleasant) versions of the same musical pieces.When the tempo was held constant, no significant effect of timbre on the time judgment was found although the orchestral music was judged to be more arousing than the piano music.Nevertheless, emotional valence did modulate the tempo effect on time perception, the pleasant music being judged shorter than the unpleasant music.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive, University Blaise Pascal, CNRS Clermont-Ferrand, France.

ABSTRACT
The present study used a temporal bisection task with short (<2 s) and long (>2 s) stimulus durations to investigate the effect on time estimation of several musical parameters associated with emotional changes in affective valence and arousal. In order to manipulate the positive and negative valence of music, Experiments 1 and 2 contrasted the effect of musical structure with pieces played normally and backwards, which were judged to be pleasant and unpleasant, respectively. This effect of valence was combined with a subjective arousal effect by changing the tempo of the musical pieces (fast vs. slow) (Experiment 1) or their instrumentation (orchestral vs. piano pieces). The musical pieces were indeed judged more arousing with a fast than with a slow tempo and with an orchestral than with a piano timbre. In Experiment 3, affective valence was also tested by contrasting the effect of tonal (pleasant) vs. atonal (unpleasant) versions of the same musical pieces. The results showed that the effect of tempo in music, associated with a subjective arousal effect, was the major factor that produced time distortions with time being judged longer for fast than for slow tempi. When the tempo was held constant, no significant effect of timbre on the time judgment was found although the orchestral music was judged to be more arousing than the piano music. Nevertheless, emotional valence did modulate the tempo effect on time perception, the pleasant music being judged shorter than the unpleasant music.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus