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Diffusion weighted MRI in chronic viral hepatitis: correlation between ADC values and histopathological scores.

Onur MR, Poyraz AK, Bozdag PG, Onder S, Aygun C - Insights Imaging (2013)

Bottom Line: Mean ADC values of CVH patients were significantly lower than mean ADC values of the control group at b 100 and b 600 gradients (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between the CVH and control groups at the b 1,000 gradient (P > 0.05).No significant correlation was found between ADC values and histopathologic scores of CVH (P > 0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, University of Firat Faculty of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey, ruhionur@yahoo.com.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the utility of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurement in the diagnosis of chronic viral hepatitis (CVH) and correlation between ADC values and histopathologic severity of CVH.

Materials and methods: The ADC values of liver parenchyma on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWMRI) were measured in 50 patients with a history of CVH and 51 healthy subjects at b 100, b 600 and b 1,000 gradients. Comparison between mean ADC values of the CVH and control groups and correlation results between ADC values and necroinflammation and fibrosis scores in CVH were obtained.

Results: Mean ADC values of CVH patients were significantly lower than mean ADC values of the control group at b 100 and b 600 gradients (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the CVH and control groups at the b 1,000 gradient (P > 0.05). No significant correlation was found between ADC values and histopathologic scores of CVH (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: ADC values obtained at the b 100 and b 600 gradients can be used to distinguish between the liver parenchyma of CVH and healthy subjects. ADC measurement was not found to be useful for estimation of the degree of necroinflammation and fibrosis in CVH.

Teaching points: • In chronic viral hepatitis apparent coefficient values are decreased in the liver • There is no correlation between ADC values and histopathologic severity of CVH • DW images obtained at low b values have more ability to demonstrate an ADC decrease in viral hepatitis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Boxplot graphic demonstrates ADC values of patients in the CVH and control group at b 100, b 600 and b 1,000 gradients
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Fig1: Boxplot graphic demonstrates ADC values of patients in the CVH and control group at b 100, b 600 and b 1,000 gradients

Mentions: There was no significant difference in the mean age of the CVH group (44.46 ± 13.19) and the control group (42.24 ± 12.44) (P > 0.05). The ADC values of the liver parenchyma in the CVH and control group ranged from 0.36–4.16 mm2/s and 0.76–5.60 mm2/s, respectively (Fig. 1). The mean ADC values of the CVH group were significantly lower than the mean ADC values of the control group at the b 100 (P < 0.0001) and b 600 gradients (P = 0.043) (Table 1) (Figs. 1 and 2). There was no significant difference between the mean ADC values of the patients in the CVH and the control group at the b 1,000 gradient (P = 0.52) (Table 1) (Fig. 3).Fig. 1


Diffusion weighted MRI in chronic viral hepatitis: correlation between ADC values and histopathological scores.

Onur MR, Poyraz AK, Bozdag PG, Onder S, Aygun C - Insights Imaging (2013)

Boxplot graphic demonstrates ADC values of patients in the CVH and control group at b 100, b 600 and b 1,000 gradients
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3675251&req=5

Fig1: Boxplot graphic demonstrates ADC values of patients in the CVH and control group at b 100, b 600 and b 1,000 gradients
Mentions: There was no significant difference in the mean age of the CVH group (44.46 ± 13.19) and the control group (42.24 ± 12.44) (P > 0.05). The ADC values of the liver parenchyma in the CVH and control group ranged from 0.36–4.16 mm2/s and 0.76–5.60 mm2/s, respectively (Fig. 1). The mean ADC values of the CVH group were significantly lower than the mean ADC values of the control group at the b 100 (P < 0.0001) and b 600 gradients (P = 0.043) (Table 1) (Figs. 1 and 2). There was no significant difference between the mean ADC values of the patients in the CVH and the control group at the b 1,000 gradient (P = 0.52) (Table 1) (Fig. 3).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Mean ADC values of CVH patients were significantly lower than mean ADC values of the control group at b 100 and b 600 gradients (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between the CVH and control groups at the b 1,000 gradient (P > 0.05).No significant correlation was found between ADC values and histopathologic scores of CVH (P > 0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, University of Firat Faculty of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey, ruhionur@yahoo.com.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the utility of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurement in the diagnosis of chronic viral hepatitis (CVH) and correlation between ADC values and histopathologic severity of CVH.

Materials and methods: The ADC values of liver parenchyma on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWMRI) were measured in 50 patients with a history of CVH and 51 healthy subjects at b 100, b 600 and b 1,000 gradients. Comparison between mean ADC values of the CVH and control groups and correlation results between ADC values and necroinflammation and fibrosis scores in CVH were obtained.

Results: Mean ADC values of CVH patients were significantly lower than mean ADC values of the control group at b 100 and b 600 gradients (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the CVH and control groups at the b 1,000 gradient (P > 0.05). No significant correlation was found between ADC values and histopathologic scores of CVH (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: ADC values obtained at the b 100 and b 600 gradients can be used to distinguish between the liver parenchyma of CVH and healthy subjects. ADC measurement was not found to be useful for estimation of the degree of necroinflammation and fibrosis in CVH.

Teaching points: • In chronic viral hepatitis apparent coefficient values are decreased in the liver • There is no correlation between ADC values and histopathologic severity of CVH • DW images obtained at low b values have more ability to demonstrate an ADC decrease in viral hepatitis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus